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Evaluation of the Management Effectiveness of German National Parks—Experiences, Results, Lessons Learned and Future Prospects
Open AccessArticle

Ecosystem Health Assessment of Shennongjia National Park, China

1
School of Earth Sciences and Surveying and Mapping Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
2
Satellite Environment Application Center, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100094, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7672; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187672
Received: 7 June 2020 / Revised: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 4 September 2020 / Published: 17 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue National Parks: Theories and Practices)
Ecosystem health assessment is an important part of improving the management of national parks. In this paper, Shennongjia National Park is taken as the study region. By using satellite remote sensing data from 2000 to 2018, based on the Vitality Organization Resilience (VOR) model, an ecosystem health assessment is created and its spatiotemporal characteristics are analyzed. In the whole region, the ecosystem’s health level has gradually improved; the rate of improvement of the ecosystem’s health level from 2016 to 2018 has been 2.5-times that of the overall rate and the trend of improvement has been obvious. The rate of improvement of the ecosystem’s health level of non-nature protection areas has improved two-fold; the same is true of nature protection areas, and the stability change trend of the two areas has basically been the same. The establishment of national parks has played a significant role in promoting the health of the regional ecosystem. In future planning, relevant departments should pay attention to the ecological protection and restoration of the area and optimize the traditional area layout of Shennongjia National Park. View Full-Text
Keywords: national park; ecosystem health assessment; reservation; restoration national park; ecosystem health assessment; reservation; restoration
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Wang, H.; Hou, P.; Jiang, J.; Xiao, R.; Zhai, J.; Fu, Z.; Hou, J. Ecosystem Health Assessment of Shennongjia National Park, China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7672.

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