Next Article in Journal
Country’s Entrepreneurial Environment Predictors for Starting a New Venture—Evidence for Romania
Previous Article in Journal
The Digital Transformation of the Korean Music Industry and the Global Emergence of K-Pop
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ecosystem Health Assessment of Shennongjia National Park, China
Open AccessArticle

Edible Biological Resource Use in an Agricultural Heritage System and Its Driving Forces: A Case of the Shuangjiang Mengku Ancient Tea and Culture System

by 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7791; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187791
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 18 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue National Parks: Theories and Practices)
An agricultural heritage system is a special type of protected area that is both culturally and ecologically important. Biological resources are an essential component of an agricultural heritage system. They are necessary to support human livelihood, and their usage is key to ensuring biodiversity. This study used a survey questionnaire and key informant interviews to investigate the use of edible biological resources (EBRs) in the Shuangjiang Mengku ancient tea and culture system (SMATCS). We investigated similarities and differences in EBR use between four minority groups as well as the driving forces behind them. The four groups used 245 EBR species in 113 families, and diversity of EBR use was found in terms of species, edible parts, harvest season, and usage. EBR use within groups was driven by natural, cultural, social, and economic forces. Two social factors (infrastructure and communication), two economic factors (overall economic development and farmer income), and a biological resource (species diversity) drove EBR utilization in all the groups convergently, while three cultural factors drove EBR utilization divergently. To assure the long-term sustainability of EBRs, the preservation of cultural diversity should be combined with the conservation of biodiversity. Targets must be set to adjust the impacts of the driving factors, and more stakeholders must be involved in the conservation of EBRs. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural heritage systems; edible biological resources (EBRs); resource conservation area; resources use; driving forces; Shuangjiang Mengku ancient tea and culture system (SMATCS); China–NIAHS agricultural heritage systems; edible biological resources (EBRs); resource conservation area; resources use; driving forces; Shuangjiang Mengku ancient tea and culture system (SMATCS); China–NIAHS
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, N.; He, S.; Min, Q. Edible Biological Resource Use in an Agricultural Heritage System and Its Driving Forces: A Case of the Shuangjiang Mengku Ancient Tea and Culture System. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7791.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop