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Special Issue "Transportation Decarbonization: Advanced Vehicle Technologies and Their Social, Economic, and Environmental Impacts"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 October 2022 | Viewed by 868

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Shiqi(Shawn) Ou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Buildings and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA
Interests: quantitative modeling;‬ ‪transportation energy; decarbonization‬
Dr. Xin He
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Aramco Research Center – Detroit, Aramco Services Company, Novi, MI 48377, USA
Interests: life-cycle analysis; market penetration; techno-economic analysis of transport technologies
Dr. Xu Hao
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 10083, China
Interests: transportation carbon neutrality; big data analysis of electric vehicle travel pattern; electric vehicle market and policy analysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

By the end of 2020, more than 110 countries had committed to a net-zero carbon emissions goal to realize the Paris Agreement commitment that limits global warming below 1.5 °C compared to pre-industrial levels by mid-century. The transportation sector, especially the on-road vehicle sector, has been one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Therefore, achieving a far-reaching target on decarbonization requires vast investment in advanced vehicle technologies, a transition in policy orientation, and structural adjustments in industrial strategy. Various powertrain pathways, such as electrification, hydrogen fuel-cell, and internal combustion engines using zero-carbon fuels, are explored in different countries, paving the way for a revolutionary transition from the current petroleum-based to a more sustainable and decarbonized transportation system. These practices bring challenges and opportunities to advanced vehicle technologies (e.g., battery materials, connected autonomous vehicles), new transportation mode choices (e.g., shared mobility), and the supply chains of natural resources.

In this Special Issue, we are looking for leading research on advanced technologies, industrial strategies and policies for deep decarbonization, and their social and environmental impacts from the vehicle industry. These studies should be quantitative and focus on transportation decarbonization. Relevant topics include:

  • Challenges and opportunities in advanced battery materials, electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles, internal combustion engine using zero-carbon fuels, and other decarbonized technologies in vehicle use;
  • Intelligent application and optimization of low- and zero-carbon powertrain technologies combining with electricity (V2X), hydrogen, or other renewable power sources;
  • Impacts of autonomous driving and shared mobility on transportation mode choices and decarbonization;
  • Lifecycle analysis for improving the measurement of transportation decarbonization;
  • Social and environmental impacts and practices of the industrial strategies and government policies on vehicle decarbonization.

Dr. Shiqi(Shawn) Ou
Dr. Xin He
Dr. Xu Hao
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • advanced vehicle technologies
  • transportation decarbonization
  • greenhouse gas emission
  • social and environmental impacts
  • transportation policy

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Characterizing the Payback and Profitability for Automated Heavy Duty Vehicle Platooning
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2333; - 18 Feb 2022
Viewed by 382
Heavy duty vehicle platooning under highway operating conditions has been projected to provide significant fuel economy gains based on aerodynamic drag improvements of the platooning vehicles. Realizing these benefits and the economic viability under real-world operating conditions presents several challenges. The objective of [...] Read more.
Heavy duty vehicle platooning under highway operating conditions has been projected to provide significant fuel economy gains based on aerodynamic drag improvements of the platooning vehicles. Realizing these benefits and the economic viability under real-world operating conditions presents several challenges. The objective of this paper (the third as part of a series) is to analytically quantify the payback and profitability of heavy-duty vehicles platooning across the U.S. Interstate highway system. In this paper, a rigorous assessment of several factors that influence the platooning system payback for an end-user as well as the revenue potential for suppliers who may be utilizing an equipment lease model dependent on end-user savings, is presented. In this assessment key interactions explored include market adoption rates, platooning velocities, platoon-able daily mileage, platooning likelihood, variations in baseline powertrain fuel economy (diesel or electric), price of fuel (diesel or electricity), platooning fuel economy benefits, price of the added technology, and the impact of natural platooning due to traffic interactions. Further, the paper explores the economic impact of higher levels of vehicle automation for the trailing vehicles in the platoon, where extending the driver Hours of Service (HoS) may provide additional financial benefits. While the approach makes use of a limited fidelity vehicle analytical model for longitudinal dynamics and operations economics, the narrative provides application decision personnel with a mechanism and well-defined set of impact factors to consider as part of their architectural selection process. Full article
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