Special Issue "Sustainability in Tourism Activities and the Low-Density and Peripheral Territories"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Tourism, Culture, and Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Gualter Couto
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Business and Economics and CEEAplA, Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal
Interests: finance; real options; eco-tourism; rural-tourism; creative-tourism; tourism sustainability
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Limited land, water resources, and overexploitation of tourism, among many other factors, make the ultra-peripheral and/or insular territories relevant case studies regarding their governance and their sustainable development. In fact, in the specific case of island regions, tourism regularly assumes itself as one of the main, if not the most important drivers of the regional economy, and therefore, it is critical to analyze this activity behavior based on the new challenges as the example of the desired sustainable development and growth.

Contextually, the present Special Issue (SI) expects to cross and analyze the dynamics and patterns ongoing in these peripheral territories regarding sustainability and the related issues that may have an influence over it. Moreover, recent territorial policies, as well as the phenomenon of massive tourism, among many other actual hot topics, will be crossed and discussed in the present SI.

Thus, the editors encourage the submission of works related to the topics of tourism in peripheral and ultra-peripheral regions, governance strategies and methods, regional planning, among several other topics that could relate the main scope of this Special Issue and consequently provides literature enrichment regarding this particular typology of territories and activities.

References:

Balaguer, J.; Jordá, M. Tourism as a long-run economic growth factor: The Spanish case. Appl. Econ. 2010, 34, 877–884.

Cannonier, C.; Burke, M. The economic growth impact of tourism in small islands developing states—Evidence from the Caribbean. Tour. Econ. 2019, 25, 85–108.

Fleischer, A.; Felsenstein, D. Support for rural tourism—Does it make a difference? Ann. Tour. Res. 2000, 27,1007–1024.

Fodranov, I.; Kubickova, V.; Michalkova, A. Measuring societal value of tourism: A new approach. Tourism 2015, 63, 423–434.

Hoggart, K.; Buller, H. Rural Development—A Geographical Perspective; Croom Helm Ltd.: London, UK, 1987.

Hughes, D.; Shields, M. Revisiting tourism regional economic impact: Accounting for secondary household employment. Rev. Reg. Stud. 2007, 37, 186–206.

King, R.; Strachan, A.; Mortimer, J.; Gastarbeiter, J. Go Home: Return Migration and Economic Change in the Italian Mezzogiorno. In Return Migration and Regional Economic Problems; King, R., Ed.; Croom Helm: London, UK, 1986; pp. 38–68.

Mahony, K.; Zyl, J. The Impacts of Tourism Investment on Rural Communities: Three Case Studies in South Africa. Dev. S. Afr. 2002, 19, 83–103

Morais, J., Castanho, R.A., Loures, L., Pinto-Gomes, C., and Santos, P. (2019). Villagers’ Perceptions of Tourism Activities in Iona National Park: Locality as a Key Factor in Planning for Sustainability. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4448; doi:10.3390/su11164448

Morais, J., Castanho, R. A., Pinto-Gomes, C., & Santos, P. (2018): Characteristics of Iona National Park ́s Visitors: Planning Ecotourism and sustainable development in Angola. Congent Social Sciences, Manuscript 1490235. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2018.1490235

Reeder, R.; Brown, D. Recreation, Tourism, and Rural Well-Being; Economic Research Report Number 7; Department of Agriculture, United States: Washington, DC, USA, 2005.

Santos, R., Castanho, R.A. and Lousada, S. (2019). Return Migration and Tourism Sustainability in Portugal: Extracting Opportunities for Sustainable Common Planning in Southern Europe. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6468; doi:10.3390/su11226468.

Sharpley, R.; Vass, A. Tourism, farming and diversification: An attitudinal study. Tour. Manag. 2006, 27,1040–1052.

Snyman, S. Household spending patterns and flow of ecotourism income into communities around Liwonde National Park, Malawi. Dev. S. Afr. 2013, 30, 640–658.

Stephen, P. Potential Economic contribution of regional tourism development in China: A comparative analysis. Int. J. Tour. Res. 2015, 17, 303–312.

Tohmo, T. The economic impact of tourism in Central Finland: A regional input-output study. Tour. Rev. 2018, 73, 521–547.

Prof. Dr. Rui Alexandre Castanho
Prof. Dr. Gualter Couto
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • low-density territories
  • insular and peripheral regions
  • sustainable development
  • sustainability
  • eco-tourism
  • tourism sustainability
  • tourism

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

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Article
Assessing the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic over the Azores Region’s Touristic Companies
Sustainability 2021, 13(17), 9647; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179647 - 27 Aug 2021
Viewed by 547
Abstract
It is understood that some types of tourism, as is the case of rural tourism, have an even more relevant role in achieving regional sustainability. Considering the actual COVID-19 sanitary crisis and its horizontal impacts over all the society and economy spheres, along [...] Read more.
It is understood that some types of tourism, as is the case of rural tourism, have an even more relevant role in achieving regional sustainability. Considering the actual COVID-19 sanitary crisis and its horizontal impacts over all the society and economy spheres, along with the relevance of rural tourism over the regional development, the current paper explores the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic over the Azores Region’s Touristic Companies. Thus, through direct testing tools, such as questionnaires and site analysis, the present article enabled us to provide more insights into the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic over the Azores Region’s touristic companies. The sample comprises 506 business managers of establishments of the touristic sector of the Azores, an outermost region of Portugal. The study has a descriptive focus and uses some methods of descriptive statistics, including the multiple response analysis. Most respondents consider that COVID-19 has a strong negative impact on their companies and expect a drop in turnover in 2020/2021. Our results suggest that government support is essential to offset the effects of the pandemic on companies of the tourism sector and show that the seal “Clean & Safe Azores” is an asset for companies operating in this region. Therefore, the results of this study could be used as a practical application for the Regional Authorities for the measurement of the impacts caused by the recent health crisis on the economy of the Azores. Full article
Article
Spatiotemporal Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Tourism Revenue in the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration Region during 2001–2019
Sustainability 2021, 13(7), 3658; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073658 - 25 Mar 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 625
Abstract
Green development is a solution to achieve sustainable development, while tourism development is one of the best approaches to realize a green economy. As the most rapid economic development region in China, the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration (YRDUA) has also witnessed rapid [...] Read more.
Green development is a solution to achieve sustainable development, while tourism development is one of the best approaches to realize a green economy. As the most rapid economic development region in China, the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration (YRDUA) has also witnessed rapid changes in its tourism economy during 2001–2019. Here, we analyzed the spatiotemporal patterns of its tourism revenue, and further identified contributions from multiple socio-economic factors using spatial analysis tools and regression models. The total tourism revenue increased 14.35 fold, with an annual increase rate of 79.73% during 2001–2019. The proportion of tourism revenue to the GDP continuously increased from 11.57% in 2001 to 18.89% in 2019. Tourism revenue increased for all cities, with the least increasing rates in the metropolitan cities including Shanghai, Nanjing, Suzhou and Hangzhou, and the largest increase rates in Ma’anshan, Hefei, Huzhou and Zhoushan. A regression and causality test indicated that different socioeconomic factors controlled the spatiotemporal variation patterns in different cities. The economic structure in the YRDUA has undergone significant shifts, with an increasing importance of tourism revenue in the GDP for most cities and a reducing discrepancy of tourism revenue among cities. Our study can enable the policy makers to be aware of the magnitude, temporal variation patterns, differences among cities and controlling factors for tourism development, and thus take suitable measures to further promote green tourism development in the YRDUA region. Full article
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Article
The Impacts of COVID-19 Crisis over the Tourism Expectations of the Azores Archipelago Residents
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7612; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187612 - 15 Sep 2020
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 2898
Abstract
Throughout history, times of crisis have always been preceded by periods of change. In fact, the current moment of health, economic, and social crisis that we are experiencing seems to be no exception. Tourism seems to be one of the most affected activities [...] Read more.
Throughout history, times of crisis have always been preceded by periods of change. In fact, the current moment of health, economic, and social crisis that we are experiencing seems to be no exception. Tourism seems to be one of the most affected activities by the COVID-19 pandemic crisis—due not only the cancelled flights but also to the fear of being infected with the virus. In this sense, the present article intends to identify the Azores Archipelago residents’ tourism expectations during the COVID-19 crisis. Using the Azores Islands as a case study and merging it with the authors’ knowledge about this regional reality, it was possible to collect a substantial quantity of data. Thus, this study provides an in-depth perception of the main issues about how this pandemic crisis affects the tourism expectations of the Azores region residents, and consequently, how this situation will influence regional sustainable development. Through the study, it was possible to verify that the significant part of the Azores Archipelago residents (57.5%) will not be going to travel to spend vacations in 2020. Additionally, 84.2% will have holidays in the region; therefore, they stay in the Azores Archipelago. Besides, this study shows that majority of the respondents (61.6%) would not make a reservation for a 2020 vacation. Full article
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Article
Territorial Management and Governance, Regional Public Policies and their Relationship with Tourism. A Case Study of the Azores Autonomous Region
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6059; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156059 - 28 Jul 2020
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1381
Abstract
Bearing in mind the growth in regions with socio-economic bases dependent on tourism, studies that analyze spatial planning processes, regional public policies, and their relationship with tourism activities are essential to achieve the so-desired sustainable territorial development. Through case study research methods, territorial [...] Read more.
Bearing in mind the growth in regions with socio-economic bases dependent on tourism, studies that analyze spatial planning processes, regional public policies, and their relationship with tourism activities are essential to achieve the so-desired sustainable territorial development. Through case study research methods, territorial impact analysis, and questionnaires to explore the public perceptions, it was possible to design and implement a study regarding this specific regional governance theme on the Azores Autonomous Region (AAR). The research allowed us to learn that the most affected activities by public territorial policies in the AAR from the respondents’ perspective were accommodation (54.7%) and nature (51.9%). Conversely, the less affected were culture (15.1%) and rental/hire services (17.9). Furthermore, it was possible to identify two factors that rule public policies on the growth and development of the Azores: (i) impact in the natural landscape and (ii) suitable production factors. Full article
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Article
Summer Farmers, Diversification and Rural Tourism—Challenges and Opportunities in the Wake of the Entrepreneurial Turn in Swedish Policies (1991–2019)
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5217; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125217 - 26 Jun 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1101
Abstract
Since the 1990s Swedish authorities have increasingly treated summer farms as businesses, expecting them to generate profits like any other firm. However, in addition to being financially independent, summer farms are expected to provide a number of services, to help maintain biological heritage, [...] Read more.
Since the 1990s Swedish authorities have increasingly treated summer farms as businesses, expecting them to generate profits like any other firm. However, in addition to being financially independent, summer farms are expected to provide a number of services, to help maintain biological heritage, provide beautiful landscapes for tourists, and much more. Summer farmers are also forced to co-exist with other local stakeholders that base their activities on the same resources, e.g., adventure and nature-based tourism, agriculture, and other businesses. All of this creates a number of entrepreneurial challenges but can also open new windows of opportunity. The response of summer farmers has been to diversify activities to cope with shrinking income and the seasonal character of their trade. Most new business strategies include tourism or increasing the number of cattle rationalizing animal husbandry. The strategies have partly been influenced by policies and partly by new market opportunities. Departing from a business, spatial and institutional contextual analysis we identified five main entrepreneurial strategies, three of which are related to rural tourism, one is related to increasing the animal herd and the fifth is a no-strategy, maintaining status quo. This article analyses the reality of summer farms from a business perspective. The main questions to be answered are: How have summer farmers responded to the entrepreneurial turn in regional development policies? Which are their main business challenges and opportunities? Full article
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Review

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Review
Creative Tourism on Islands: A Review of the Literature
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10313; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410313 - 10 Dec 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 864
Abstract
In the last two decades, creative tourism has evolved as a burgeoning field, encompassing a wide range of concepts and practices, in different places around the world. From the very beginning, however, creative tourism has aimed to contribute to sustainable development and increased [...] Read more.
In the last two decades, creative tourism has evolved as a burgeoning field, encompassing a wide range of concepts and practices, in different places around the world. From the very beginning, however, creative tourism has aimed to contribute to sustainable development and increased community wellbeing, as an alternative to mass cultural tourism. With this review article, our main objective is to identify and analyze a body of literature that specifically addresses creative tourism in islands, contributing to fill a gap in the knowledge since no reviews with this focus have yet been undertaken. Our aim is to provide a critical overview of creative tourism experiences at island destinations worldwide, addressing the plurality of empirical contexts and methodological approaches found in academic research. This review highlights the key trends in creative tourism, pointing out two distinct approaches: creative tourism in urban contexts, based on creative events, “cultural clusters” or Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs), versus community-focused small-scale tourism experiences in rural contexts. This paper also provides an opportunity to assess the evolution of sustainable creative tourism approaches in islands. Full article
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