Special Issue "Sports Medicine"


A special issue of Sports (ISSN 2075-4663).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2015

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. med. Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
DSBG, Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sports and Exercise Medicine, University of Basel, Birsstrasse 320 B, CH-4052 Basel, Switzerland
Website: http://dsbg.unibas.ch/departement/personen/profil/profil/person/schmidt-trucksa/
E-Mail: arno.schmidt-trucksaess@unibas.ch
Phone: +41 61 377 87 40

Special Issue Information


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sports is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.

Published Papers (3 papers)

Download All Papers
Sort by:
Display options:
Select articles Export citation of selected articles as:
Select/unselect all
Displaying article 1-3
p. 12-20
by , ,  and
Sports 2015, 3(1), 12-20; doi:10.3390/sports3010012
Received: 23 April 2014 / Accepted: 14 January 2015 / Published: 23 January 2015
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (494 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Medicine)
p. 21-29
by , , , , , , , , , , ,  and
Sports 2015, 3(1), 21-29; doi:10.3390/sports3010021
Received: 21 November 2013 / Accepted: 14 January 2015 / Published: 23 January 2015
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (386 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Medicine)
p. 59-75
by , , , , , ,  and
Sports 2014, 2(3), 59-75; doi:10.3390/sports2030059
Received: 22 July 2014 / Revised: 22 August 2014 / Accepted: 14 September 2014 / Published: 24 September 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (497 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Medicine)
Select/unselect all
Displaying article 1-3
Select articles Export citation of selected articles as:

Submitted Papers

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Performance-Based Correlates to Vertical Jump Height and Power Values
J. F. Caruso, A. G. Barbosa, E. V. Gutierrez, M. W. Keller, S. D. Vickers, J. L. Martin, J. D. McArtor, R. A. Baptista, A. N. Clark, J. O. West, R. H. Walker and J. S. Daily
We examined what types of performance-based variables (kinetic, temporal, force-time integrative, expressed relative to body mass) are the best correlates to vertical jump height and power values. Men (n = 117) performed vertical jumps on an instrumented platform placed aside a Vertec; both devices obtained data as jumps were performed. Vertec values were used to identify jump height and power, each of which served as criterion measures. The platform provided six performance-based variables from the takeoff phase of jumps; they were used to predict the variance per criterion measure via multivariate regression. With either jump height or power as a criterion each multivariate analysis, with corrections for multiple testing, revealed a significant (p < 0.05) amount of variance correlated to our performance-based independent variables. Univariate correlations showed peak force and area under the curve were the best predictors of jump height, as well as power, variance. Our results concur with outcomes from trials that employed similar subjects. We conclude kinetic and force-time integrative variables are the best correlates to vertical jump prowess when performance-based measures are derived from an instrumented platform.

Title: Epidemiological Review of Injuries in Rugby Union
Authors: JF Kaux 1,2,3, M Julia 4, M Chupin 3, F Delvaux 3, JL Croisier 2,3, B Forthomme 2,3, JM Crielaard 2,3,  C Le Goff 2, P Durez 5, P Ernst 1, S Guns 1 and A Laly 1
Affiliations: 1 Centre de Formation de la Ligue Belge Francophone de Rugby (LBFR), ADEPS du Blanc Gravier, Allée des Sports, P63, Liège, Belgium
2 Multidisciplinary Medical and Sports Traumatology Service (SPORTS2), Liège CHU, Avenue de l’Hôpital, B35, Liège, Belgium
3 Department of Motricity Sciences, University of Liège, Allée des Sports, P63, Liège, Belgium
4 Commission Médicale de la Fédération Française de Rugby (FFR), Fédération MPR Montpellier-Nîmes, Hôpital Lapeyronie CHRU Montpellier, France
5 Medical Committee of the Fédération Belge de Rugby (FBR)
Abstract: Rugby is a sport which is growing in popularity. A contact sport par excellence, it causes a significant number of injuries. In rugby union, there are 30 to 91 injuries per 1,000 match hours. This epidemiological review of injuries incurred by rugby players mentions the position and type of injuries, the causes, time during the match and season in which they occur, the players' positions and the type of surface as well as the length of players' absences following the injury.
Keywords: injuries; rugby union; epidemiology; surface

Type of Paper: Article
The Effect of High Intensity Intermittent Exercise on Power Output for the Upper Body
Leonie Harvey 1,*, Matthew Bousson 1, Chris McLellan 2 and Dale I Lovell 1
1 School of Health and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Science, Health & Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland, 4556, Australia; E-Mail: lmh009@student.usc.edu.au (L.H.)
2 Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Robina, Queensland, 4226, Australia
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to examine and measure high intensity, intermittent upper body performance during the 5 × 6s repeat sprint test. Fifteen physically active males completed an upper body 5 × 6s test on a modified electro-magnetically braked cycle ergometer, which consisted of 5 maximal effort sprints, each 6 seconds in duration, separated by 24 seconds of passive recovery. A fly wheel braking force corresponding to 5% of the participants’ body weight was used as the implemented resistance level. Body composition was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Percent (%) decrement was also calculated using previous research methods. Significant (P < 0.05) differences were found between sprints for both absolute and relative (W, W•kg-1, W•kg-1 LBM and W•kg-1 UBLBM) peak (PP) and mean (MP) power. The percentage (%) decrement in total work done over the 5 sprints was 11.4%. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed that upper body lean body mass (UBLBM) accounts for 87% of the variance in total work done during the upper body 5 × 6s sprint test. These results provide a descriptive analysis of upper body, high intensity intermittent exercise, demonstrating that PP and MP output decreased significantly during the upper body 5 × 6s sprint test.

Type of Paper: Article
A New View of Responses to First-Time Barefoot Running
Michael Wilkinson 1, Nick Caplan 1, Richard Akenhead 2.and Phillip R Hayes 1
1 Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England; E-Mail: mic.wilkinson@northumbria.ac.uk (M.W.)
2 Sports Medicine Institute, ASPETAR, Doha, Qatar
We examined acute alterations in gait and oxygen cost from shod-to-barefoot running in habitually-shod well-trained runners with no prior experience of running barefoot to test predictions of the plantar-sensory-feedback-loop hypothesis. Thirteen runners completed six-minute treadmill runs shod and barefoot on separate days at a mean speed of 12.5 km·h-1. Steady-state oxygen cost in the final minute was recorded. Kinematic data were captured from 30-consecutive strides. Mean differences between conditions were estimated with confidence intervals. When barefoot, stride length and ground-contact time decreased while stride rate increased. Leg and vertical stiffness and ankle-mid-stance dorsi-flexion angle increased when barefoot while horizontal distance between point of contact and the hip decreased. Mean oxygen cost decreased in barefoot compared to shod running (-11% to -3%; 90% likely beneficial) and was related to the change in ankle angle and point-of-contact distance, though individual variability was high. The results suggest that removal of shoes produces a rapid alteration in running gait and a potentially-practically-beneficial reduction in oxygen cost of running in some trained-habitually-shod runners new to running barefoot. Individual variation suggests an element of skill in adapting to the novel task. Gait alteration when barefoot is likely the result of increased sense of impact.

Type of Paper: Review
Physical Activity and Gastrointestinal Tumors: Primary and Tertiary Preventive Effects and Underlying Biological Mechanisms
Dorothea Frevel and Karen Steindorf
Unit of Physical Activity, Exercise and Cancer (G111), German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Im Neuenheimer Feld 460, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany; E-Mail: k.steindorf@dkfz-heidelberg.de
Gastrointestinal tumors are frequent tumors worldwide. The impact of physical activity over the cancer continuum is, thus, of high relevance. This manuscript will give an overview on the current evidence for both, the more public health oriented view on possible reductions of cancer risks and mortality, mostly derived from large epidemiological studies, as well as the more clinical view on the effects of exercise and physical activity in cancer patients on cancer progression and side-effects of the disease and/or the cancer treatment. The latter studies are either observational or (randomized) clinical trials. The focus will be on gastrointestinal tumors, covering gastric, colon, rectal, pancreatic, liver, and gallbladder cancer. Besides colon cancers which have been investigated extensively at least with regard to cancer risk reductions through physical activity, most of these cancers have only been studied in recent years. Especially for tertiary prevention  there is scarcity of studies. Besides summarizing the current evidence, including the knowledge on potential biological mechanisms, an outlook on future perspectives will be given.

Last update: 16 April 2015

Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert