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Special Issue "Artificial Intelligence for Smart Manufacturing: Methods and Applications"

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Intelligent Sensors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Kim Phuc Tran
Website SciProfiles
Guest Editor
Automation and Industrial Informatics, ENSAIT & GEMTEX, 2 allée Louise et Victor Champier, 59056 Roubaix, France
Interests: real-time anomaly detection for industrial big data; smart manufacturing with IoT and AI; optimizing complex manufacturing operations using multiagent reinforcement learning; decision support systems
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Thanks to the rapid development and applications of advanced technologies, we are experiencing the fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, which is a revolution towards smart manufacturing. The wide use of cyberphysical systems and the Internet of Things has led to the era of big data in industrial manufacturing. Artificial intelligence emerges as a powerful analytics tool to process and analyze big data. These advanced technologies result in the introduction of a new concept in Industry 4.0: smart manufacturing. The aim of this Special Issue is to highlight innovative developments with respect to the current challenges and opportunities for the applications of artificial intelligence in smart manufacturing. Topics include but are not limited to the following: real-time monitoring with machine learning and deep learning; artificial intelligence for predictive maintenance; artificial intelligence for smarter cybersecurity; production scheduling with reinforcement learning; artificial intelligence and robotics in smart manufacturing; IoT-enabled smart manufacturing; digital twin-driven smart manufacturing. 

Dr. Kim Phuc Tran
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • artificial intelligence
  • smart manufacturing
  • production scheduling
  • IoT, digital twin
  • cybersecurity
  • predictive maintenance

Published Papers (8 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
A Modified Genetic Algorithm with Local Search Strategies and Multi-Crossover Operator for Job Shop Scheduling Problem
Sensors 2020, 20(18), 5440; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20185440 - 22 Sep 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
It is not uncommon for today’s problems to fall within the scope of the well-known class of NP-Hard problems. These problems generally do not have an analytical solution, and it is necessary to use meta-heuristics to solve them. The Job Shop Scheduling Problem [...] Read more.
It is not uncommon for today’s problems to fall within the scope of the well-known class of NP-Hard problems. These problems generally do not have an analytical solution, and it is necessary to use meta-heuristics to solve them. The Job Shop Scheduling Problem (JSSP) is one of these problems, and for its solution, techniques based on Genetic Algorithm (GA) form the most common approach used in the literature. However, GAs are easily compromised by premature convergence and can be trapped in a local optima. To address these issues, researchers have been developing new methodologies based on local search schemes and improvements to standard mutation and crossover operators. In this work, we propose a new GA within this line of research. In detail, we generalize the concept of a massive local search operator; we improved the use of a local search strategy in the traditional mutation operator; and we developed a new multi-crossover operator. In this way, all operators of the proposed algorithm have local search functionality beyond their original inspirations and characteristics. Our method is evaluated in three different case studies, comprising 58 instances of literature, which prove the effectiveness of our approach compared to traditional JSSP solution methods. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Artificial Intelligence-Driven Oncology Clinical Decision Support System for Multidisciplinary Teams
Sensors 2020, 20(17), 4693; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20174693 - 20 Aug 2020
Abstract
Watson for Oncology (WfO) is a clinical decision support system driven by artificial intelligence. In Korea, WfO is used by multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) caring for cancer patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of WfO use on hospital satisfaction and perception among [...] Read more.
Watson for Oncology (WfO) is a clinical decision support system driven by artificial intelligence. In Korea, WfO is used by multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) caring for cancer patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of WfO use on hospital satisfaction and perception among patients cared for by MDTs. This was a descriptive study that used a written survey to gather information from cancer patients at a hospital in Korea. The rate of positive change in patient perception after treatment was 86.8% in the MDT-WfO group and 71.2% in the MDT group. In terms of easily understandable explanations, the MDT-WfO (9.53 points) group reported higher satisfaction than the MDT group (9.24 points). Younger patients in the MDT-WfO group showed high levels of satisfaction and reliability of treatment. When WfO was used, the probability of positive change in patient perception of the hospital was 2.53 times higher than when WfO was not used. With a one-point increase in overall satisfaction, the probability of positive change in patient perception of the hospital increased 1.97 times. Therefore, if WfO is used appropriately in the medical field, it may enhance patient satisfaction and change patient perception positively. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Multilabel Image Classification Based Fresh Concrete Mix Proportion Monitoring Using Improved Convolutional Neural Network
Sensors 2020, 20(16), 4638; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20164638 - 18 Aug 2020
Abstract
Proper and accurate mix proportion is deemed to be crucial for the concrete in service to implement its structural functions in a specific environment and structure. Neither existing testing methods nor previous studies have, to date, addressed the problem of real-time and full-scale [...] Read more.
Proper and accurate mix proportion is deemed to be crucial for the concrete in service to implement its structural functions in a specific environment and structure. Neither existing testing methods nor previous studies have, to date, addressed the problem of real-time and full-scale monitoring of fresh concrete mix proportion during manufacturing. Green manufacturing and safety construction are hindered by such defects. In this study, a state-of-the-art method based on improved convolutional neural network multilabel image classification is presented for mix proportion monitoring. Elaborately planned, uniformly distributed, widely covered and high-quality images of concrete mixtures were collected as dataset during experiments. Four convolutional neural networks were improved or fine-tuned based on two solutions for multilabel image classification problems, since original networks are tailored for single-label multiclassification tasks, but mix proportions are determined by multiple parameters. Various metrices for effectiveness evaluation of training and testing all indicated that four improved network models showed outstanding learning and generalization ability during training and testing. The best-performing one was embedded into executable application and equipped with hardware facilities to establish fresh concrete mix proportion monitoring system. Such system was deployed to terminals and united with mechanical and weighing sensors to establish integrated intelligent sensing system. Fresh concrete mix proportion real-time and full-scale monitoring and inaccurate mix proportion sensing and warning could be achieved simply by taking pictures and feeding pictures into such sensing system instead of conducting experiments in laboratory after specimen retention. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Recognition of the Driving Style in Vehicle Drivers
Sensors 2020, 20(9), 2597; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092597 - 02 May 2020
Abstract
This paper presents three different approaches to recognize driving style based on a hierarchical-model. Specifically, it proposes a hierarchical model for the recognition of the driving style for advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) for vehicles. This hierarchical model for the recognition of the style [...] Read more.
This paper presents three different approaches to recognize driving style based on a hierarchical-model. Specifically, it proposes a hierarchical model for the recognition of the driving style for advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) for vehicles. This hierarchical model for the recognition of the style of the car driving considers three aspects: the driver emotions, the driver state, and finally, the driving style itself. In this way, the proposed hierarchical pattern is composed of three levels of descriptors/features, one to recognize the emotional states, another to recognize the driver state, and the last one to recognize the driving style. Each level has a set of descriptors, which can be sensed in a real context. Finally, the paper presents three driving style recognition algorithms based on different paradigms. One is based on fuzzy logic, another is based on chronicles (a temporal logic paradigm), and the last is based on an algorithm that uses the idea of the recognition process of the neocortex, called Ar2p (Algoritmo Recursivo de Reconocimiento de Patrones, for its acronym in Spanish). In the paper, these approaches are compared using real datasets, using different metrics of interest in the context of the Internet of the Things, in order to determine their capabilities of reasoning, adaptation, and the communication of information. In general, the initial results are encouraging, specifically in the cases of chronicles and Ar2p, which give the best results. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Implicit Stochastic Gradient Descent Method for Cross-Domain Recommendation System
Sensors 2020, 20(9), 2510; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092510 - 29 Apr 2020
Abstract
The previous recommendation system applied the matrix factorization collaborative filtering (MFCF) technique to only single domains. Due to data sparsity, this approach has a limitation in overcoming the cold-start problem. Thus, in this study, we focus on discovering latent features from domains to [...] Read more.
The previous recommendation system applied the matrix factorization collaborative filtering (MFCF) technique to only single domains. Due to data sparsity, this approach has a limitation in overcoming the cold-start problem. Thus, in this study, we focus on discovering latent features from domains to understand the relationships between domains (called domain coherence). This approach uses potential knowledge of the source domain to improve the quality of the target domain recommendation. In this paper, we consider applying MFCF to multiple domains. Mainly, by adopting the implicit stochastic gradient descent algorithm to optimize the objective function for prediction, multiple matrices from different domains are consolidated inside the cross-domain recommendation system (CDRS). Additionally, we design a conceptual framework for CDRS, which applies to different industrial scenarios for recommenders across domains. Moreover, an experiment is devised to validate the proposed method. By using a real-world dataset gathered from Amazon Food and MovieLens, experimental results show that the proposed method improves 15.2% and 19.7% in terms of computation time and MSE over other methods on a utility matrix. Notably, a much lower convergence value of the loss function has been obtained from the experiment. Furthermore, a critical analysis of the obtained results shows that there is a dynamic balance between prediction accuracy and computational complexity. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
A New Model for Predicting Rate of Penetration Using an Artificial Neural Network
Sensors 2020, 20(7), 2058; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072058 - 06 Apr 2020
Cited by 2
Abstract
The drilling rate of penetration (ROP) is defined as the speed of drilling through rock under the bit. ROP is affected by different interconnected factors, which makes it very difficult to infer the mutual effect of each individual parameter. A robust ROP is [...] Read more.
The drilling rate of penetration (ROP) is defined as the speed of drilling through rock under the bit. ROP is affected by different interconnected factors, which makes it very difficult to infer the mutual effect of each individual parameter. A robust ROP is required to understand the complexity of the drilling process. Therefore, an artificial neural network (ANN) is used to predict ROP and capture the effect of the changes in the drilling parameters. Field data (4525 points) from three vertical onshore wells drilled in the same formation using the same conventional bottom hole assembly were used to train, test, and validate the ANN model. Data from Well A (1528 points) were utilized to train and test the model with a 70/30 data ratio. Data from Well B and Well C were used to test the model. An empirical equation was derived based on the weights and biases of the optimized ANN model and compared with four ROP models using the data set of Well C. The developed ANN model accurately predicted the ROP with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.94 and an average absolute percentage error (AAPE) of 8.6%. The developed ANN model outperformed four existing models with the lowest AAPE and highest R value. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Real-Time Prediction of Rheological Properties of Invert Emulsion Mud Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System
Sensors 2020, 20(6), 1669; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20061669 - 17 Mar 2020
Cited by 2
Abstract
Tracking the rheological properties of the drilling fluid is a key factor for the success of the drilling operation. The main objective of this paper is to relate the most frequent mud measurements (every 15 to 20 min) as mud weight (MWT) and [...] Read more.
Tracking the rheological properties of the drilling fluid is a key factor for the success of the drilling operation. The main objective of this paper is to relate the most frequent mud measurements (every 15 to 20 min) as mud weight (MWT) and Marsh funnel viscosity (MFV) to the less frequent mud rheological measurements (twice a day) as plastic viscosity (PV), yield point (YP), behavior index (n), and apparent viscosity (AV) for fully automating the process of retrieving rheological properties. The adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was used to develop new models to determine the mud rheological properties using real field measurements of 741 data points. The data were collected from 99 different wells during drilling operations of 12 ¼ inches section. The ANFIS clustering technique was optimized by using training to a testing ratio of 80% to 20% as 591 data points for training and 150 points, cluster radius value of 0.1, and 200 epochs. The results of the prediction models showed a correlation coefficient (R) that exceeded 0.9 between the actual and predicted values with an average absolute percentage error (AAPE) below 5.7% for the training and testing data sets. ANFIS models will help to track in real-time the rheological properties for invert emulsion mud that allows better control for the drilling operation problems. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Cutting Pose Prediction from Point Clouds
Sensors 2020, 20(6), 1563; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20061563 - 11 Mar 2020
Abstract
The challenge of getting machines to understand and interact with natural objects is encountered in important areas such as medicine, agriculture, and, in our case, slaughterhouse automation. Recent breakthroughs have enabled the application of Deep Neural Networks (DNN) directly to point clouds, an [...] Read more.
The challenge of getting machines to understand and interact with natural objects is encountered in important areas such as medicine, agriculture, and, in our case, slaughterhouse automation. Recent breakthroughs have enabled the application of Deep Neural Networks (DNN) directly to point clouds, an efficient and natural representation of 3D objects. The potential of these methods has mostly been demonstrated for classification and segmentation tasks involving rigid man-made objects. We present a method, based on the successful PointNet architecture, for learning to regress correct tool placement from human demonstrations, using virtual reality. Our method is applied to a challenging slaughterhouse cutting task, which requires an understanding of the local geometry including the shape, size, and orientation. We propose an intermediate five-Degree of Freedom (DoF) cutting plane representation, a point and a normal vector, which eases the demonstration and learning process. A live experiment is conducted in order to unveil issues and begin to understand the required accuracy. Eleven cuts are rated by an expert, with 8 / 11 being rated as acceptable. The error on the test set is subsequently reduced through the addition of more training data and improvements to the DNN. The result is a reduction in the average translation from 1.5 cm to 0.8 cm and the orientation error from 4.59° to 4.48°. The method’s generalization capacity is assessed on a similar task from the slaughterhouse and on the very different public LINEMOD dataset for object pose estimation across view points. In both cases, the method shows promising results. Code, datasets, and other materials are available in Supplementary Materials. Full article
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