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Special Issue "Smart, Secure and Sustainable (3S) Technologies for IoT Based Healthcare Applications"

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Internet of Things".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 August 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Ali Hassan Sodhro

Decision Information and Production System Laboratory, Institute University Technology, University Lumiere Lyon2, Lyon 69500, France; and Electrical Engineering Department, Sukkur IBA University, Airport Road-65200, Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: sustainable healthcare; energy-aware communication; smart IoT; body sensor neworks; fog computing for healthcare
Guest Editor
Dr. Qammer H. Abbasi

School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: nano communication, biomedical applications of millimeter and terahertz communication, wearable and flexible sensors, compact antenna design, RF design and radio propagation, antenna interaction with human body, Implants, body centric wireless communication issues, wireless body sensor networks, non-invasive health care solutions, physical layer security for wearable/implant communication and multiple-input-multiple-output systems.
Guest Editor
Dr. Akram Alomainy

Queen Mary University of London, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: small and compact antennas for wireless body area networks, radio propagation characterisation and modelling, antenna interactions with human body, computational electromagnetic, advanced antenna enhancement techniques for mobile and personal wireless communications, nano-scale networks and communications, THz material characterisation and communication links and advanced algorithm for smart and intelligent antenna and cognitive radio system, biomedical EM applications in sensing and detection
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ali Imran

School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: wireless communication systems; cognitive-inspired 5G networks; wearable applications; resource management for secure healthcare; device to device communication
Guest Editor
Dr. Sandeep Pirbhulal

Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518000, China
Website | E-Mail
Interests: biometric security; internet of medical things; wearable sensing technologies; privacy perserving; smart healthcare

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Internet of Things (IoT) is playing the remarkable role in healthcare field by entirely changing the landscape of the whole world. Miniaturized devices are the building blocks and paradigm shift to reshape the healthcare, thus security and sustainability are the pivotal parameters to build the smart IoT enabled medical healthcare. Besides, IoT system is the magic to establish the strong ties between physical and real-worlds by bringing together all the heterogeneous technologies at the single common platform in a prominent, cost-effective, secure, flexible and dynamic manner. Besides, emerging and widely spreading role of IoT on one hand made the lives of everyone comfortable and convenient while on the other hand posed the various challenges i.e., less sustainability, less security and high energy drain, etc which threaten the smart IoT based health related applications.

Henceforth, secure, sustainable and smart IoT platform in the medical healthcare is the dire need and considered ad revolutionary paradigm. In the mean-time healthcare engineering in association with technological development for vitalizing the IoT in healthcare. This also promotes the importance of healthcare among individuals and integrated societies by improving their lives in a secure and sustainable way. This amazing and interesting emerging practice builds voluminous data centers and clouds while collecting information from sensor-based devices. Thus, it is very vital to manage these huge databases in a smart, secure and sustainable way for providing the economical care with longer life to anyone at any time.

Novel research contribution in this special issue will emphasis the remarkable role of smart, sustainable and secure techniques for IoT enabled healthcare domains for facilitating common citizen in various ways. Some of these are presented below but not limited in scope.

  • Pervasive medical care
  • Machine Learning based non-invasive, secure and sustainable healthcare solutions
  • Smart IoT for ubiquitous healthcare,
  • Secure and sustainable mobile healthcare Technologies
  • Bio-Nano communication for secure healthcare
  • RF Antenna Design for Body-centric smart and sustainable networks
  • State-of-the art Frameworks and Architectures for smart, secure and sustainable IoT
  • Smart, Secure and Sustainable digital healthcare.
  • Wearable and Secure IoT devices for Smart medical home monitoring
  • Applications of smart IoT based secure and sustainable medical world
  • Machine Learning and Deep Learning Algorithms for Clinical Applications
  • QoS/QoE management and optimization solutions in Internet of Medical Things
  • Wearable Devices for Clinical and Health Informatics Applications
  • Telemedicine/Telecare/Telesurgery based frameworks, and solutions for medical media monitoring.
  • Biometric Security for Healthcare
  • Smart Decentralized Framework for Health Monitoring
  • Smart and Energy-aware wearable Healthcare system
  • Fog computing/edge computing for IoT based Healthcare Applications

Dr. Ali Hassan Sodhro
Dr. Qammer H. Abbasi
Dr. Akram Alomainy
Prof. Muhammad Ali Imran
Dr. Sandeep Pirbhulal
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • medical data security
  • sustainable network
  • smart healthcare
  • wearable/ambient technologies
  • internet of things
  • decentralized IoT
  • ubiquitous medical care

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Comparison and Efficacy of Synergistic Intelligent Tutoring Systems with Human Physiological Response
Sensors 2019, 19(3), 460; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030460
Received: 5 December 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 16 January 2019 / Published: 23 January 2019
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Abstract
The analysis of physiological signals is ubiquitous in health and medical diagnosis as a primary tool for investigation and inquiry. Physiological signals are now being widely used for psychological and social fields. They have found promising application in the field of computer-based learning [...] Read more.
The analysis of physiological signals is ubiquitous in health and medical diagnosis as a primary tool for investigation and inquiry. Physiological signals are now being widely used for psychological and social fields. They have found promising application in the field of computer-based learning and tutoring. Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) is a fast-paced growing field which deals with the design and implementation of customized computer-based instruction and feedback methods without human intervention. This paper introduces the key concepts and motivations behind the use of physiological signals. It presents a detailed discussion and experimental comparison of ITS. The synergism of ITS and physiological signals in automated tutoring systems adapted to the learner’s emotions and mental states are presented and compared. The insights are developed, and details are presented. The accuracy and classification methods of existing systems are highlighted as key areas of improvement. High-precision measurement systems and neural networks for machine-learning classification are deemed prospective directions for future improvements to existing systems. Full article
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Open AccessArticle A Smart Recommender Based on Hybrid Learning Methods for Personal Well-Being Services
Sensors 2019, 19(2), 431; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19020431
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 18 January 2019 / Published: 21 January 2019
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Abstract
The main focus of the paper is to propose a smart recommender system based on the methods of hybrid learning for personal well-being services, called a smart recommender system of hybrid learning (SRHL). The essential health factor is considered to be personal lifestyle, [...] Read more.
The main focus of the paper is to propose a smart recommender system based on the methods of hybrid learning for personal well-being services, called a smart recommender system of hybrid learning (SRHL). The essential health factor is considered to be personal lifestyle, with the help of a critical examination of various disciplines. Integrating the recommender system effectively contributes to the prevention of disease, and it also leads to a reduction in treatment cost, which contributes to an improvement in the quality of life. At the same time, there exist various challenges within the recommender system, mainly cold start and scalability. To effectively address the inefficiencies, we propose combined hybrid methods in regard to machine learning. The primary aim of this learning method is to integrate the most effective and efficient learning algorithms to examine how combined hybrid filtering can help to improve the cold star problem efficiently in the provision of personalized well-being in regard to health food service. These methods include: (1) switching among content-based and collaborative filtering; (2) identifying the user context with the integration of dynamic filtering; and (3) learning the profiles with the help of processing and screening of reflecting feedback loops. The experimental results were evaluated by using three absolute error measures, providing comparable results with other studies relative to machine learning domains. The effects of using the hybrid learning method are gathered with the help of the experimental results. Our experiments also show that the hybrid method improves accuracy by 14.61% of the average error predicted in the recommender systems in comparison to the collaborative methods, which mainly focus on the computation of similar entities. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Posture-Specific Breathing Detection
Sensors 2018, 18(12), 4443; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124443
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 15 December 2018
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Abstract
Human respiratory activity parameters are important indicators of vital signs. Most respiratory activity detection methods are naïve abd simple and use invasive detection technology. Non-invasive breathing detection methods are the solution to these limitations. In this research, we propose a non-invasive breathing activity [...] Read more.
Human respiratory activity parameters are important indicators of vital signs. Most respiratory activity detection methods are naïve abd simple and use invasive detection technology. Non-invasive breathing detection methods are the solution to these limitations. In this research, we propose a non-invasive breathing activity detection method based on C-band sensing. Traditional non-invasive detection methods require special hardware facilities that cannot be used in ordinary environments. Based on this, a multi-input, multi-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) system based on 802.11n protocol is proposed in this paper. Our system improves the traditional data processing method and has stronger robustness and lower bit relative error. The system detects the respiratory activity of different body postures, captures and analyses the information, and determines the influence of different body postures on human respiratory activity. Full article
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Open AccessArticle A Parallel Architecture for the Partitioning around Medoids (PAM) Algorithm for Scalable Multi-Core Processor Implementation with Applications in Healthcare
Sensors 2018, 18(12), 4129; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124129
Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 1 November 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 25 November 2018
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Abstract
Clustering is the most common method for organizing unlabeled data into its natural groups (called clusters), based on similarity (in some sense or another) among data objects. The Partitioning Around Medoids (PAM) algorithm belongs to the partitioning-based methods of clustering widely used for [...] Read more.
Clustering is the most common method for organizing unlabeled data into its natural groups (called clusters), based on similarity (in some sense or another) among data objects. The Partitioning Around Medoids (PAM) algorithm belongs to the partitioning-based methods of clustering widely used for objects categorization, image analysis, bioinformatics and data compression, but due to its high time complexity, the PAM algorithm cannot be used with large datasets or in any embedded or real-time application. In this work, we propose a simple and scalable parallel architecture for the PAM algorithm to reduce its running time. This architecture can easily be implemented either on a multi-core processor system to deal with big data or on a reconfigurable hardware platform, such as FPGA and MPSoCs, which makes it suitable for real-time clustering applications. Our proposed model partitions data equally among multiple processing cores. Each core executes the same sequence of tasks simultaneously on its respective data subset and shares intermediate results with other cores to produce results. Experiments show that the computational complexity of the PAM algorithm is reduced exponentially as we increase the number of cores working in parallel. It is also observed that the speedup graph of our proposed model becomes more linear with the increase in number of data points and as the clusters become more uniform. The results also demonstrate that the proposed architecture produces the same results as the actual PAM algorithm, but with reduced computational complexity. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Efficient AoA-Based Wireless Indoor Localization for Hospital Outpatients Using Mobile Devices
Sensors 2018, 18(11), 3698; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18113698
Received: 27 August 2018 / Revised: 17 October 2018 / Accepted: 26 October 2018 / Published: 30 October 2018
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Abstract
The motivation of this work is to help outpatients find their corresponding departments or clinics, thus, it needs to provide indoor positioning services with a room-level accuracy. Unlike wireless outdoor localization that is dominated by the global positioning system (GPS), wireless indoor localization [...] Read more.
The motivation of this work is to help outpatients find their corresponding departments or clinics, thus, it needs to provide indoor positioning services with a room-level accuracy. Unlike wireless outdoor localization that is dominated by the global positioning system (GPS), wireless indoor localization is still an open issue. Many different schemes are being developed to meet the increasing demand for indoor localization services. In this paper, we investigated the AoA-based wireless indoor localization for outpatients’ wayfinding in a hospital, where Wi-Fi access points (APs) are deployed, in line, on the ceiling. The target position can be determined by a mobile device, like a smartphone, through an efficient geometric calculation with two known APs coordinates and the angles of the incident radios. All possible positions in which the target may appear have been comprehensively investigated, and the corresponding solutions were proven to be the same. Experimental results show that localization error was less than 2.5 m, about 80% of the time, which can satisfy the outpatients’ requirements for wayfinding. Full article
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