Special Issue "Equine Influenza"
A special issue of Pathogens (ISSN 2076-0817).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (2 May 2016) | Viewed by 27673
Interests: epidemiology and evolution of viruses; development and testing of viral vaccines, antivirals and diagnostics; science communication
Equine influenza is a highly contagious disease currently caused by influenza A viruses of the H3N8 subtype. In common with human influenza, the disease is characterized by fever, cough and nasal discharge. Infected individuals usually recover within around two weeks, although disease can be more severe in some, due to secondary bacterial infection or as a result of infection with more pathogenic strains. Typical of emergent viruses, in recent years, equine influenza virus has caused an economically devastating outbreak in Australia (previously free of the virus) and was transmitted to a new host, becoming endemic in dogs in the USA.
Possibly because it is not a zoonotic pathogen, equine influenza is sometimes referred to as a ‘neglected’ influenza virus. In the past, when horses were relied on more widely as draft animals, outbreaks of equine influenza were crippling to economies. Today, the disease is largely a concern for the horseracing and competition industries in developed countries. Despite its ‘neglected’ status, there is a plethora of vaccine formulations available to combat equine influenza, and the many parallels with human disease suggest that the horse provides a good model for furthering our understanding of influenza.
Dr. Janet M. Daly
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- Equine influenza