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Pathogens 2016, 5(3), 50;

A Review of Evidence that Equine Influenza Viruses Are Zoonotic

Division of Infectious Diseases and Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Faculty of Health Service, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
National Center for Zoonotic Diseases, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Janet M. Daly
Received: 14 May 2016 / Revised: 1 July 2016 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 12 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Equine Influenza)
Full-Text   |   PDF [556 KB, uploaded 12 July 2016]   |  


Among scientists, there exist mixed opinions whether equine influenza viruses infect man. In this report, we summarize a 2016 systematic and comprehensive review of the English, Chinese, and Mongolian scientific literature regarding evidence for equine influenza virus infections in man. Searches of PubMed, Web of Knowledge, ProQuest, CNKI, Chongqing VIP Database, Wanfang Data and MongolMed yielded 2831 articles, of which 16 met the inclusion criteria for this review. Considering these 16 publications, there was considerable experimental and observational evidence that at least H3N8 equine influenza viruses have occasionally infected man. In this review we summarize the most salient scientific reports. View Full-Text
Keywords: equine influenza; influenza A; epidemiology; zoonotic diseases; H3N8 equine influenza; influenza A; epidemiology; zoonotic diseases; H3N8

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Xie, T.; Anderson, B.D.; Daramragchaa, U.; Chuluunbaatar, M.; Gray, G.C. A Review of Evidence that Equine Influenza Viruses Are Zoonotic. Pathogens 2016, 5, 50.

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