Special Issue "Dietary Assessment for Weight Management and Health Maintaining"

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutrition Methodology & Assessment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2022) | Viewed by 3395

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Juan José Hernández Morante
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Eating Disorders Research Unit, Universidad Católica de Murcia (UCAM), 30107 Murcia, Spain
Interests: cell culture; insulin resistance; nutrition; clinical nutrition; diabetes; cell biology; molecular biology; human physiology; physiology
Dr. Juana María Morillas Ruiz
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Food and Nutrition Technology, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
Interests: antioxidants; antioxidant activity; food chemistry; phytochemicals; bioactivity; food analysis; food & nutrition; food biochemistry; food composition; oxidative stress biomarkers

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Today, regardless of the wide availability of information, the main health problems continue to be those related to inadequate eating habits, like obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer, among others.

To improve the eating habits of the population and to implement adequate health-related policies, it is necessary to carry out an adequate dietary assessment. Despite great technological advances, dietary assessment still has some limitations, like inaccurate or inaccessible food composition databases, inadequate software to manage these databases, and evidently, the own food composition variability.

Moreover, new challenges related to dietary assessment are ahead. Food quality markers, like Nutri-score, Food Compass Score, etc. have been developed to provide people with clearer nutritional information, but its usefulness for improving eating habits is not yet clear. New statistical and informatics procedures like machine learning or big data analyses can provide new insights into the relationship between nutrient intake and health. Furthermore, the development of smartphone applications and wearable devices can open a world of possibilities regarding dietary and health assessment. Therefore, dietary assessment is a study area of great interest for those researchers focused on nutrition and health.

The aim of this Special Issue is to summarize the latest advances in dietary assessment, specifically those that refer to the use of new data analysis techniques, tools and other indicators that allow evaluating eating habits and their influence on diseases such as obesity.

Dr. Juan José Hernández Morante
Dr. Juana María Morillas Ruiz
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • dietary assessment
  • dietary record
  • food frequency questionnaire
  • index of nutritional quality
  • healthy eating index
  • obesity
  • nutrition-related diseases

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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Article
Translation and Modification of a Mindful Eating Questionnaire for Children Assisted by Item Response Theory in Chinese Children and Adolescents
Nutrients 2022, 14(14), 2854; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14142854 - 12 Jul 2022
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Abstract
Mindful eating has gained attention in studies on healthy eating. However, measurement of it is scarce, particularly in pediatrics. This study aimed to translate and modify the 12-item Mindful Eating Questionnaire for Children (MEQ-C) using techniques based on both classical test theory (ICC) [...] Read more.
Mindful eating has gained attention in studies on healthy eating. However, measurement of it is scarce, particularly in pediatrics. This study aimed to translate and modify the 12-item Mindful Eating Questionnaire for Children (MEQ-C) using techniques based on both classical test theory (ICC) and item response theory (IRT) in Chinese children and adolescents. Of the 426 participants enrolled and randomly grouped, the test (n = 223) and validation (n = 203) subsamples were well-matched in age, gender, body mass index z score (BMIz), and waist to height ratio (WHtR) (p > 0.556). Three items were eliminated due to deviating from the mindful eating concept (content validity index < 0.71) and presenting as an independent dimension in parallel analysis, or yielding a poor distribution (−4.331 < b < −0.111). The final 5-item Mindless Eating and 4-item Awareness subscales were identified with sound Cronbach’s α of 0.802 and 0.779, respectively. The remaining items functioned well (a > 1, −3 < b < 3), and the Mindless Eating subscale was accurate for the low-to-medium range (−2 to 0) of the mindful eating measure. The Awareness one was reliable for the relatively high range (0 to 2). Participants’ mindful eating characteristics should be taken into consideration in practice. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Assessment for Weight Management and Health Maintaining)
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Article
A New Evidence-Based Diet Score to Capture Associations of Food Consumption and Chronic Disease Risk
Nutrients 2022, 14(11), 2359; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112359 - 06 Jun 2022
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Abstract
Previously, the attempt to compile German dietary guidelines into a diet score was predominantly not successful with regards to preventing chronic diseases in the EPIC-Potsdam study. Current guidelines were supplemented by the latest evidence from systematic reviews and expert papers published between 2010 [...] Read more.
Previously, the attempt to compile German dietary guidelines into a diet score was predominantly not successful with regards to preventing chronic diseases in the EPIC-Potsdam study. Current guidelines were supplemented by the latest evidence from systematic reviews and expert papers published between 2010 and 2020 on the prevention potential of food groups on chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. A diet score was developed by scoring the food groups according to a recommended low, moderate or high intake. The relative validity and reliability of the diet score, assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, was investigated. The consideration of current evidence resulted in 10 key food groups being preventive of the chronic diseases of interest. They served as components in the diet score and were scored from 0 to 1 point, depending on their recommended intake, resulting in a maximum of 10 points. Both the reliability (r = 0.53) and relative validity (r = 0.43) were deemed sufficient to consider the diet score as a stable construct in future investigations. This new diet score can be a promising tool to investigate dietary intake in etiological research by concentrating on 10 key dietary determinants with evidence-based prevention potential for chronic diseases. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Assessment for Weight Management and Health Maintaining)
Article
Differences between Four Skinfold Calipers in the Assessment of Adipose Tissue in Young Adult Healthy Population
Nutrients 2022, 14(10), 2085; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14102085 - 16 May 2022
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Abstract
Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of four different skinfold calipers, as well as to establish the differences between them in a healthy young adult population. Methods: The present study followed a cross-sectional design, including 138 participants, with [...] Read more.
Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of four different skinfold calipers, as well as to establish the differences between them in a healthy young adult population. Methods: The present study followed a cross-sectional design, including 138 participants, with 69 males (21.46 ± 2.52 years) and 69 females (22.19 ± 2.85 years). The measurement protocol included basic measurements of body mass and stretch stature and eight skinfolds with a Harpenden, Holtain, Slim Guide, and Lipowise. The ∑6 and ∑8 skinfolds and fat mass were calculated. The order in which the skinfold calipers were used was randomized. Results: No significant differences were found in either the Σ6 and Σ8 skinfolds or masses and fat percentages calculated with the skinfolds obtained with the different calipers (p > 0.05), and the inclusion of the covariates of sex, BMI, and hydration status of the participants showed no effect on the differences. The Bland–Altman test showed significant differences between the calipers (p < 0.001). Conclusion: It has been observed that the analyzed calipers have shown validity for the assessment of adiposity-related variables in a male and female sample of non-overweight, young healthy adults, but they are not interchangeable with each other when the assessment is meant to be compared over time or with other samples. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Assessment for Weight Management and Health Maintaining)
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Article
Validation of a Food Knowledge Questionnaire on Tanzanian Women of Childbearing Age
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 691; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030691 - 07 Feb 2022
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Abstract
The present manuscript describes the validation of a food knowledge questionnaire (FKQ) for Tanzanian childbearing age women. The FKQ was derived from the Ugandan version and was adapted according to Tanzanian culture and food habits, including 114 closed-ended questions, divided into five different [...] Read more.
The present manuscript describes the validation of a food knowledge questionnaire (FKQ) for Tanzanian childbearing age women. The FKQ was derived from the Ugandan version and was adapted according to Tanzanian culture and food habits, including 114 closed-ended questions, divided into five different sections. The FKQ was administered to 671 Tanzanian childbearing-age women who were eligible if they: (i) were aged between 14 and 49 years old, (ii) had not been diagnosed with any disease and (iii) lived in the urban or peri-urban area of the Arusha and Morogoro region. The validation process of the FKQ was conducted in Tanzania and the recruitment occurred between August and October 2020. The final version of the validated questionnaire was characterized by a total of 88 questions, divided into ten different sections; each section aimed to investigate a different aspect of food knowledge, except for section A, which collected information related to the social and demographic characteristics of the respondent. The food knowledge questionnaire showed good construct validity and content validity to assess knowledge and food practices in Tanzanian women of childbearing age and could be used in future studies to identify women at higher risk of unhealthy eating habits and food choices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Assessment for Weight Management and Health Maintaining)
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Other

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Systematic Review
The Effect of Laminaria japonica on Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Its Efficacy and Mechanism of Action
Nutrients 2022, 14(15), 3046; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14153046 - 25 Jul 2022
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Abstract
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a medical condition characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and hyperlipidemia. An increase in the incidence of MetS provokes an escalation in health care costs and a downturn in quality of life. However, there is currently [...] Read more.
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a medical condition characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and hyperlipidemia. An increase in the incidence of MetS provokes an escalation in health care costs and a downturn in quality of life. However, there is currently no cure for MetS, and the absence of immediate treatment for MetS has prompted the development of novel therapies. In accordance with recent studies, the brown seaweed Laminaria japonica (LJP) has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, and so forth. LJP contains bioactive compounds used as food globally, and it has been used as a medicine in East Asian countries. We conducted a systematic review to examine whether LJP could potentially be a useful therapeutic drug for MetS. The following databases were searched from initiation to September 2021: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Library. Clinical trials and in vivo studies evaluating the effects of LJP on MetS were included. LJP reduces the oxidative stress-related lipid mechanisms, inflammatory cytokines and macrophage-related chemokines, muscle cell proliferation, and migration. Bioactive-glucosidase inhibitors reduce diabetic complications, a therapeutic target in obesity and type 2 diabetes. In obesity, LJP increases AMP-activated protein kinase and decreases acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Based on our findings, we suggest that LJP could treat MetS, as it has pharmacological effects on MetS. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Assessment for Weight Management and Health Maintaining)
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