Special Issue "Nutritional Assessment and Clinical Care of Premature Infant"

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutrition Methodology & Assessment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2022) | Viewed by 834

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Yanna Zhu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
Interests: nutritional disorders (obesity/metabolic syndrome/anemia); nutritional assessment and intervention; inflammation; intestinal bacteria; maternal and child health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The rate of premature infants (GA < 37week) around the world has rapidly increased in recent years, accounting for 5–18% of newborns. Most of these preterm subjects are born with a premature or fragile gastrointestinal system, and typically encounter feeding intolerance and other feeding difficulties, possibly leading to undernutrition, infections, gut disorders and brain defects. Thus, it is important to screen and assess nutritional disorders as early as possible and provide proper feeding strategies for doctors and health workers to prevent premature infants from experiencing adverse clinical consequences.

At present, various nutritional assessment approaches have been applied in health care and clinical treatments among adult inpatients—nutritional assessment scales, nutritional surveys, anthropometric measures and evaluation of energy requirements. However, most approaches for children, especially for premature infants, are still under-researched due to a lack of established methodology, such as screening scales/tools for nutritional risk. Meanwhile, since they are highly threatened by critical disorders, premature infants are confronted with complicated feeding practices including selection of parenteral or enteral nutrition, optimal time to full enteral feeding, donor milk or formula feeding, fortification of breast milk, vitamin D and iron supplements as well as pre- and probiotics application. Therefore, identifying appropriate strategies to assess nutritional status and feeding practices for premature infants and evaluating the association of these strategies with clinical outcomes, including diseases, growth and neurodevelopment, are crucial.

The scope of this Special Issue will be broad, and possible topics of interest include but are not limited to:

  • Methodologies for nutritional surveys, nutritional risk screening and malnutrition assessment for premature infants or children born premature
  • Evaluation of the effects and influencing factors of nutritional risk screening or malnutrition assessment on hospitalized premature infants
  • Comparison of the effects of different nutritional assessment methodologies on clinical outcomes in premature infants
  • Association of nutritional risk and malnutrition with catch-up growth, motor development and neurocognitive function in premature infants
  • Evaluation of the effects of different feeding strategies for premature infants on clinical outcomes
  • Assessment of the effects of fortification of breast milk, nutrient supplementation and pre- and probiotics application on diseases, growth and neurodevelopment for premature infants or children born premature

We hope that the papers included in this Special Issue will share new information about methodologies for nutritional assessment, feeding practices and their association with clinical outcomes and health care, and provide more evidence to improve feeding guidelines for premature infants in the future.

Dr. Yanna Zhu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Establishing Postnatal Growth Monitoring Curves of Preterm Infants in China: Allowing for Continuous Use from 24 Weeks of Preterm Birth to 50 Weeks
Nutrients 2022, 14(11), 2232; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112232 - 27 May 2022
Viewed by 541
Abstract
Background: Early postnatal growth monitoring and nutrition assessment for preterm infants is a public health and clinical concern. We aimed to establish a set of postnatal growth monitoring curves of preterm infants to better help clinicians make in-hospital and post-discharge nutrition plan of [...] Read more.
Background: Early postnatal growth monitoring and nutrition assessment for preterm infants is a public health and clinical concern. We aimed to establish a set of postnatal growth monitoring curves of preterm infants to better help clinicians make in-hospital and post-discharge nutrition plan of these vulnerable infants. Methods: We collected weight, length and head circumference data from a nationwide survey in China between 2015 and 2018. Polynomial regression and the modified LMS methods were employed to construct the smoothed weight, length and head circumference growth curves. Results: We established the P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P97 reference curves of weight, length and head circumference that allowed for continuous use from 24 weeks of preterm birth to 50 weeks and developed a set of user-friendly growth monitoring charts. We estimated approximate ranges of weight gain per day and length and head circumference gains per week. Conclusions: Our established growth monitoring curves, which can be used continuously without correcting gestational age from 24 weeks of preterm birth to 50 weeks, may be useful for assessment of postnatal growth trajectories, definition of intrauterine growth retardation at birth, and classification of early nutrition status for preterm infants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Assessment and Clinical Care of Premature Infant)
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