Nutrition and Lifestyle Interventions in Older Adults

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Geriatric Nutrition".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 5 August 2024 | Viewed by 1742

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Institute of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Pecs, H-7624 Pecs, Hungary
Interests: health related fitness (exercise physiology, molecular biology, body composition); health related lifestyle, including nutrition, recreation; dietary habits and health, physical activity/health/diet and age groups

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The lifestyle of modern societies has changed a lot, just like the ratio of different age groups in it. Inactive, abandoned subjects are numerous in many countries. While the ratio of an aging, inactive population with several chronic diseases is constantly increasing, the ratio of a healthy, active, and productive population is decreasing, paralleled with fewer people contributing to the GDP of a society—hence the need to stay active and work for a much longer time, which has now become crucial. It is very important to socialize elderly/aging subjects and encourage them to lead a healthy lifestyle. In this respect, physical activity and a well-balanced diet are very important strategies. The need to educate individuals is long-term, although many of the scientific data in this respect are either sporadic, or not well communicated. Works, data concerning the nutritional/health status of older adults, and programs increasing the motivation to lead an active, healthy lifestyle are most welcome.

Prof. Dr. Márta Wilhelm
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • aging lifestyle interventions
  • balanced diet
  • energy requirements
  • physical activity and diet
  • vitamin supplementation
  • consumption of soft drinks
  • consumption of caffeinated beverages

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

16 pages, 432 KiB  
Article
Nutritional Habits of Hungarian Older Adults
by Rita Soós, Csilla Bakó, Ádám Gyebrovszki, Mónika Gordos, Dávid Csala, Zoltán Ádám and Márta Wilhelm
Nutrients 2024, 16(8), 1203; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16081203 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 1462
Abstract
There are many nutritional changes that come with aging, mostly as consequences of health regression. Malnutrition and overweight often start with inadequate food consumption, followed by alterations in biochemical indices and body composition. In our study, we aimed to analyze the feeding habits [...] Read more.
There are many nutritional changes that come with aging, mostly as consequences of health regression. Malnutrition and overweight often start with inadequate food consumption, followed by alterations in biochemical indices and body composition. In our study, we aimed to analyze the feeding habits and energy and nutrient intake of a Hungarian elderly population, focusing on macronutrient, water, fruit, and vegetable consumption while searching for possible nutritional factors leading to NCD and many other chronic diseases in this population. Two questionnaires were used. These were the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and one asking about nutritional habits, and a 3-day feeding diary was also filled. Subjects (n = 179, 111; females (F), 68 males (M), older than 50 years were recruited. Based on MNA results, 78 adults (43.57% of the studied population) were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition, although, according to BMI categories, 69% were overweight and 7.3% were obese among M, while 42.3% were overweight among F. The average daily meal number was diverse. The amount of people consuming fruit (11.7%) and vegetables (8.93%) several times a day was extremely low (15.3% of F and 4.4% of M). Daily fruit consumption in the whole sample was 79.3%. Overall, 36.3% consumed 1 L of liquid and 0.5 L of consumption was found in 15.1% of participants. A significant gender difference was found in water consumption, with F drinking more than M (p ≤ 0.01). In our sample, 27.93% of the respondents took dietary supplements. Further analysis and research are needed to explore the specific health implications of and reasons behind these findings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Lifestyle Interventions in Older Adults)
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