Special Issue "Biominerals and Bio-Inspired Materials"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 26 August 2022 | Viewed by 4278
Interests: biomineralization; bio-inspired materials; material chemistry; nanocomposites; responsive materials
Interests: biomineralization; microalgae; biomaterials; organic crystals; spectroscopy
Interests: Biogenic minerals, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, protein-crystal interactions, (cryo)electron microscopy, soft matter
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Special Issue in Minerals: Feature Papers in Biomineralization and Biominerals 2022
Organisms demonstrate unrivaled control over the structure and properties of hierarchical, mineralized tissues with functions that range from mechanical support to the manipulation of light, and from the sensing of gravity and magnetic fields to chemical storage and detoxification. An organic matrix typically plays an integral role in both the formation of the composite tissues and in modulating critical material properties in the final material. During formation, organic matrix molecules are involved in controlling phase transformations (e.g., the selective formation of metastable amorphous mineral precursors and their conversion to specific crystalline polymorphs), with highly sophisticated control over the location, orientation, and shape of the inorganic component. Having found ways to manipulate solid phases at length scales from the atomic to the macroscopic, organisms are capable of feats that elude our most sophisticated syntheses. They can create hierarchical graded materials, shape single crystals with curved rather than faceted interfaces, or generate composites that are both fracture resistant and self-sharpening. Biomineralization provides a template for much milder, environmentally sustainable (‘green’) conditions as well. It is therefore not an exaggeration to say that there remains much that we can learn by investigating biomineralization processes toward the aim of bringing us one step closer to a more competitive low-carbon economy. Improving our understanding of biological ‘bottom up’ synthetic mechanisms is likely to impact any materials synthesis that involves inorganic/organic interfaces, including nanomaterials and structural materials as well as biomaterials. The investigation of human biomineralization is crucial to the treatment and prevention of common illnesses such as tooth caries and osteoporosis.
There are still unresolved questions about the factors that control the formation and growth of biominerals and how these principles can be transferred to the synthesis of materials. This Special Issue is an opportunity for the collection of state-of-the-art studies on i) new analytical approaches to characterize biominerals and their formation in humans, animals, plants, and microbes; ii) the resolution of structure–property relationships; and iii) the development of bioinspired materials.
We seek contributions from diverse approaches and perspectives, such as direct observation, molecular-scale insights into nucleation and growth, in vitro precipitation experiments, in vivo studies of biomineral-producing organisms, and inference from natural archives.
Dr. Linus Stegbaue
Dr. Anne Jantschke
Dr. Fabio Nudelman
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- biomimetic and bioinspired mineralization
- crystallization mechanisms
- composite materials
- structure–property relationships
- analytical characterization techniques
- biomineralization in paleontology and evolution