Special Issue "The Future of Medicine: Frontiers in Integrative Health and Medicine"

A special issue of Medicina (ISSN 1010-660X). This special issue belongs to the section "Public Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Robert H. Schneider
Website
Guest Editor
Dean, College of Integrative Medicine; Director, Institute for Natural Medicine and Prevention; Maharishi International University; Director, Institute for Prevention Research; Fairfield, Iowa USA
Interests: prevention; integrative medicine; mind-body medicine; traditional systems of medicine; evidence-based medicine
Dr. Mahadevan Seetharaman

Co-Guest Editor
Duke Integrative Healthcare Leader; School Director, AYU Academy; Adjunct Professor for School of Health Sciences, Transdisciplinary University (TDU)
Interests: ayurveda; yoga; integrative healthcare; clinical research; health policy; wellness

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Despite advances in modern medicine, contemporary society has experienced epidemics and pandemics of both non-communicable-chronic diseases and communicable-infectious diseases. These public health epidemics and pandemics are related, at least in part, to behavior and lifestyle.

Emerging scientific evidence suggests that the integration of conventional medicine with traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) may be useful for the prevention and treatment of chronic and infectious diseases related to behavior and lifestyle. The aim of this issue is to explore the scientific evidence for these approaches of evidence-based integrative health, which hold promise for the future of medicine.

Traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) is a group of diverse medical and health care approaches that are not presently considered part of conventional, modern medicine. TCAM includes a range of systems and modalities, such as Ayurveda, Yoga, traditional Chinese medicine, other traditional systems of medicine, meditation, herbal medicines and nutritional supplements, movement therapies, and other mind-body practices.

There has been a surge in the public interest and the use of TCAM globally. Nearly 50% of the population in developed nations (United States, 42%; Australia, 48%; France, 49%; Canada, 70%), and similar or greater numbers in developing countries (India, 70%; China, 40%; Chile, 71%; Colombia, 40%; up to 80% in Africa) use some form of TCAM. The World Health Organization and governments of several countries have established agencies to support research and practical utilization of TCAM and integrative health care, also called TCIM (for traditional, complementary, and integrative medicine).

At present, the growing use of integrative health and medicine has stimulated the scientific community to investigate the clinical utility, mechanisms, cost effectiveness and policy implications of these therapies. However, with notable exceptions, much of the research effort has been on quality, safety, and efficacy of TCAM products. This could be due to the potential for exploitation in drug discovery and commercial development. For other TCAM approaches, there is often a dearth of scientific studies or the research that has been conducted is of questionable quality and may lack modern scientific methodology. For ensuring the safe and effective practice of integrative care, there is a critical need to collect more evidence through well-designed scientific studies, to evaluate the available evidence, and to disseminate information—so that policy recommendations for safe and effective use in clinical practice and reimbursement may be made.

Besides the focus on efficacy, mechanisms, safety, clinical and cost effectiveness of integrative medicine, there is a need to educate modern health care practitioners, educators, researchers, policy makers and students on the basic science and theoretical models of TCAM that form the foundation of the practice of integrative medicine.

The goal of this issue of Medicina is to address these gaps in collective understanding and to promote the integration of TCAM into contemporary medicine and public health. This collection of articles will stimulate further research and support healthcare professionals, consumers, and policy makers to make informed decisions about the utilization of evidence-based integrative medicine for the future of healthcare.

Types of manuscripts we are interested in:

  • Original clinical research
    • Experimental studies (controlled clinical trials)
    • Observational studies
  • Reviews of the literature
    • Narrative reviews
    • Systematic reviews
    • Meta-analyses
  • Perspective, opinion, commentary, and theoretical foundations
Dr. Robert H. Schneider
Dr. Mahadevan Seetharaman
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Medicina is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • integrative medicine and health
  • traditional systems of medicine
  • mind-body medicine
  • ayurveda; yoga and meditation
  • communicable and noncommunicable diseases
  • aging
  • prevention
  • health promotion
  • systems medicine
  • evidence-based medicine

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Review

Open AccessReview
The Microbiome in Health and Disease from the Perspective of Modern Medicine and Ayurveda
Medicina 2020, 56(9), 462; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56090462 - 11 Sep 2020
Abstract
The role of the microbiome in health and disease helps to provide a scientific understanding of key concepts in Ayurveda. We now recognize that virtually every aspect of our physiology and health is influenced by the collection of microorganisms that live in various [...] Read more.
The role of the microbiome in health and disease helps to provide a scientific understanding of key concepts in Ayurveda. We now recognize that virtually every aspect of our physiology and health is influenced by the collection of microorganisms that live in various parts of our body, especially the gut microbiome. There are many external factors which influence the composition of the gut microbiome but one of the most important is diet and digestion. Ayurveda and other systems of traditional health have for thousands of years focused on diet and digestion. Recent research has helped us understand the connection between the microbiome and the many different prevention and therapeutic treatment approaches of Ayurveda. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Medicine: Frontiers in Integrative Health and Medicine)
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Open AccessReview
Asthma: New Integrative Treatment Strategies for the Next Decades
Medicina 2020, 56(9), 438; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56090438 - 28 Aug 2020
Abstract
Asthma is a chronic disease whose main anatomical–functional alterations are grouped into obstruction, nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity, inflammation and airway remodeling. Currently, the Global Initiative of Asthma 2020 (GINA 2020) suggests classifying it into intermittent cases, slightly persistent, moderately persistent and severely persistent, thus [...] Read more.
Asthma is a chronic disease whose main anatomical–functional alterations are grouped into obstruction, nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity, inflammation and airway remodeling. Currently, the Global Initiative of Asthma 2020 (GINA 2020) suggests classifying it into intermittent cases, slightly persistent, moderately persistent and severely persistent, thus determining the correct guidelines for its therapy. In general, the drugs used for its management are divided into two groups, those with a potential bronchodilator and the controlling agents of inflammation. However, asthmatic treatments continue to evolve, and notable advances have been made possible in biological therapy with monoclonal antibodies and in the relationship between this disease and oxidative stress. This opens a new path to dietary and herbal strategies and the use of antioxidants as a possible therapy that supports conventional pharmacological treatments and reduces their doses and/or adverse effects. This review compiles information from different published research on risk factors, pathophysiology, classification, diagnosis and the main treatments; likewise, it synthesizes the current evidence of herbal medicine for its control. Studies on integrative medicine (IM) therapies for asthmatic control are critically reviewed. An integrative approach to the prevention and management of asthma warrants consideration in clinical practice. The intention is to encourage health professionals and scientists to expand the horizons of basic and clinical research (preclinical, clinical and integrative medicine) on asthma control. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Medicine: Frontiers in Integrative Health and Medicine)
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