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Material Processing through Microwave Energy

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Advanced Materials Characterization".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 856

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
Laboratory “Plasma Physics and Engineering”, Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
Interests: high-power terahertz science and technology; coherent radiation sources; gyrotrons; electron-beam technologies; material treatment by charged particle beams; material treatment by microwaves and THz radiation; advanced spectroscopic techniques (ESR, DNP–NMR, XRDMR, etc.) using sub-THz and THz waves; modeling, simulation, and computer-aided design (CAD) of electron optic systems (EOS); free-electron devices and vacuum tubes
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nowadays, the treatment of various materials with microwaves is a mature and industrially viable technology that has numerous applications due to its advantages and unique capabilities (e.g., energy efficiency, precise control of the heated area, volumetric heating, etc.) compared to conventional heating. Active research in the field of microwave processing continues to be a driving force for the continuous improvement in the techniques used and their applications to novel and advanced materials.

This Special Issue aims to provide an overview of the latest advances in the processing of materials with microwaves and to assess the prospects for further advances in science and technology in this field. The articles published within in this Special Issue should aim to cover the following topics:

  • Sources of electromagnetic radiation (magnetrons, gyrotrons) used for microwave treatment.
  • Technological systems for microwave processing and their components (applicators, process control units, devices for measuring the dielectric properties of the treated materials, etc.).
  • Microwave properties of materials and their characterization.
  • Processing of advanced ceramics, glasses, metals, and powders.
  • Non-thermal effects during microwave irradiation.
  • Microwave irradiation in organic synthesis.
  • Physical models of thermal treatment with microwaves and numerical simulations of the underlying processes.

Dr. Svilen Petrov Sabchevski
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • microwave treatment
  • thermal processes
  • microwave sources
  • magnetron
  • gyrotron
  • microwave properties of materials

Published Papers (1 paper)

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14 pages, 5117 KiB  
Sustainable and Environmentally Friendly Microwave Synthesis of Nano-Hydroxyapatite from Decarbonized Eggshells
by Morsi M. Mahmoud
Materials 2024, 17(8), 1832; - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 680
The sustainable microwave (MW) synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HAp) from decarbonized eggshells was investigated. Decarbonization of eggshells, as a natural source of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), was carried out in the current study at ambient conditions to reduce the footprint of CO2 [...] Read more.
The sustainable microwave (MW) synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HAp) from decarbonized eggshells was investigated. Decarbonization of eggshells, as a natural source of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), was carried out in the current study at ambient conditions to reduce the footprint of CO2 emissions on our environment where either calcination or acidic direct treatments of eggshells produce CO2 emissions, which is a major cause for global warming. Eggshell decarbonization was carried out via the chemical reaction with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) alkaline solution in order to convert eggshell waste into calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and simultaneously store CO2 as a sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) by-product which is an essential material in many industrial sectors. The produced Ca(OH)2 was mixed with ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (NH4H2PO4) reagent at pH~11 before being subjected to MW irradiation at 2.45 GHz frequency for 5 min using 800 Watts to prepare HAp. The prepared Nano-HAp was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) where the crystal size was ~28 nm using the Scherrer equation. The elongated rod-like nano-HAp crystals were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with dispersive energy X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). MW synthesis of decarbonized eggshells is considered as a sustainable and environmentally friendly route to produce promising bioceramics such as nano-HAp. Concurrently, decarbonization of eggshells offers the ability to store CO2 as a high value-added Na2CO3 material. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Material Processing through Microwave Energy)
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