Biodiversity and Ecology of Fungi in Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystems

A topical collection in Life (ISSN 2075-1729). This collection belongs to the section "Diversity and Ecology".

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Editors


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Collection Editor
Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Interests: mycology (biodiversity, taxonomy, molecular phylogeny; ecology of fungal communities, and fungal biogeography); environmental microbiology (fungal and bacterial communities); nature conservation (conservation of fungi and their habitats)
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Interests: taxonomy, phylogeny; ecology of fungi
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

Even the knowledge on fungi is rapidly evolving in the recent times, the real magnitude of its biodiversity is still unknown and the level of exploration globally very low. Today we still know less than 10% of total fungal diversity. Fungi are one of the most important organisms in the world and the sustainability of both terrestrial and marine ecosystems is strongly dependent on them. Great majority of plants is forming mutualistic relationships with fungi, while saprotrophic fungi play one of key roles in nutrients cycling. More and more useful bioactive compounds are discovered in various fungal species and their use is being tested in medicine, agriculture, food production, and other various aspects of biotechnology. Biodiversity is being revealed today much faster due to the modern molecular methods, like metabarcoding, which brings us to the point where we can start understanding the real role of fungi and their life cycles in the natural environments. But, to put all this information into a context, we still lack basic taxonomic knowledge on most of the fungal groups. Therefore, basic mycological research should be still strongly encouraged in the 21st century. This collection will focus on all these aspects, accepting both the original scientific articles and reviews with the topics on taxonomy, biodiversity, ecology, phylogeny and evolutionary biology of fungi, as well as various fields of applied mycology.

Dr. Armin Mešić
Dr. Ivana Kušan
Collection Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Related Special Issue

Published Papers (2 papers)

2023

Jump to: 2022

14 pages, 4652 KiB  
Article
Uncovering the Fungal Diversity and Biodeterioration Phenomenon on Archaeological Carvings of the Badami Cave Temples: A Microcosm Study
by Shivankar Agrawal, Joshua Khumlianlal and Sarangthem Indira Devi
Life 2024, 14(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/life14010028 - 24 Dec 2023
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Abstract
The Badami Caves are a significant example of ancient Indian rock-cut architecture, dating back to the 6th century. These caves are situated in the Malaprabha River valley and are part of the candidate UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the “Evolution of Temple [...] Read more.
The Badami Caves are a significant example of ancient Indian rock-cut architecture, dating back to the 6th century. These caves are situated in the Malaprabha River valley and are part of the candidate UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the “Evolution of Temple Architecture—Aihole-Badami-Pattadakal”, which is considered to be the cradle of temple architecture in India. Our study aimed to investigate the diversity, distribution, and biodeterioration phenomena of the fungal communities present on the cave surfaces. The study also conducted a comprehensive analysis of fungal biodeterioration on the cave carvings. Utilizing specialized techniques, the dissolution of calcite, alterations in pH levels, and biomineralization capabilities of isolated fungal strains were monitored. Additionally, this study analyzed fungal acid production using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Our findings revealed that the major genera of fungi found on the cave surfaces included Acremonium, Curvularia, Cladosporium, Penicillium, and Aspergillus. These isolated fungi were observed to produce acids, leading to the dissolution of calcium carbonate and subsequent decrease in pH values. Notably, the dominant genus responsible for acid production and the promotion of biomineralization was Aspergillus. These discoveries provide valuable insight into the ecology and functions of fungi inhabiting stone surfaces, contributing to our understanding of how to preserve and protect sculptures from biodeterioration. Full article
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2022

Jump to: 2023

17 pages, 1995 KiB  
Article
Soil Mycobiome Diversity under Different Tillage Practices in the South of West Siberia
by Natalia Naumova, Pavel Barsukov, Olga Baturina, Olga Rusalimova and Marsel Kabilov
Life 2022, 12(8), 1169; https://doi.org/10.3390/life12081169 - 31 Jul 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1607
Abstract
Managing soil biodiversity by reduced or no tillage is an increasingly popular approach. Soil mycobiome in Siberian agroecosystems has been scarcely studied; little is known about its changes due to tillage. We studied mycobiome in Chernozem under natural steppe vegetation and cropped for [...] Read more.
Managing soil biodiversity by reduced or no tillage is an increasingly popular approach. Soil mycobiome in Siberian agroecosystems has been scarcely studied; little is known about its changes due to tillage. We studied mycobiome in Chernozem under natural steppe vegetation and cropped for wheat by conventional or no tillage in a long-term field trial in West Siberia, Russia, by using ITS2 rDNA gene marker (Illumina MiSeq sequencing). Half of the identified OTUs were Ascomycota with 82% of the total number of sequence reads and showing, like other phyla (Basidiomycota, Zygomycota, Mortierellomycota, Chytridiomycota, Glomeromycota), field-related differential abundance. Several dominant genera (Mortierella, Chaetomium, Clonostachys, Gibberella, Fusarium, and Hypocrea) had increased abundance in both cropped soils as compared with the undisturbed one and therefore can be safely assumed to be associated with wheat residues. Fungal OTUs’ richness in cropped soils was less than in the undisturbed one; however, no tillage shifted soil mycobiome composition closer to the latter, albeit, it was still similar to the ploughed soil, despite different organic matter and wheat residue content. The study provided the first inventory of soil mycobiome under different tillage treatments in the south of West Siberia, where wheat production is an important section of the regional economy. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Terrestrial and Marine fungal research: present status and future prospects
Authors: Samantha C. Karunarathna, Saowaluck Tibpromma, Mahesh Galappaththi
Affiliation: Center for Yunnan Plateau Biological Resources Protection and Utilization | College of Biological Resource and Food Engineering | Qujing Normal University | Qujing,Yunnan 655011 | P.R. China

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