Special Issue "Advanced Technologies for Maritime and Underwater Archaeology"

A special issue of Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (ISSN 2077-1312). This special issue belongs to the section "Geological Oceanography".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 September 2021.

Image courtesy of Fabio Bruno

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Fabio Bruno
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Dr. Antonio Lagudi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
3DResearch s.r.l., Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
Interests: computer vision; underwater technologies; 3D recording; AR/VR technologies
Dr. Michela Ricca
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
Interests: cultural heritage; characterization and diagnostics of stone building materials and their decay processes; experimentation of innovative protective products for materials; archaeometry; underwater archaeology
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Mauro Francesco La Russa
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
Interests: cultural heritage; the characterization of stone building materials and their decay, the experimentation of innovative protective products, the archeometria study of chronologically different ceramic remains in subaerial and underwater environments
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. George Papatheodorou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Geology, University of Patras, 26504 Patras, Greece
Interests: marine geology; seabed fluid flows; submarine active faults; submarine landslides; marine litter; habitat mapping; marine geoarchaeology
Prof. Dr. Nikola Mišković
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Interests: marine robotics (underwater and surface); autonomous systems; guidance, control and navigation; automatic control; nonlinear systems; identification

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Underwater cultural heritage (UCH) is a crucial asset for the knowledge of humankind’s history and traditions. It is tangible evidence of past human life that has to be protected for ensuring its accessibility to present and future generations.

The documentation, preservation, and dissemination of UCH is an open challenge that is strongly interdisciplinary because it involves collaboration among various experts from different sectors like archaeology, geology, biology, marine science, engineering, robotics, computer science, and numerous other disciplines.

This Special Issue intends to collect original and high-quality research articles and technical notes devoted to the knowledge of underwater materials and promote innovative methodologies, applications, and emerging technological solutions on the subject of materials that lie underwater.

Submissions are welcome that contribute to providing a multidisciplinary forum for cutting-edge scientific and technological issues in materials science, underwater archaeology, archaeometry, cultural heritage, alteration and aging, climate impact, case studies, and other related fields involving the large and varied community of experts from around the globe working in the underwater cultural heritage field.

Contributions are invited on the following topics:

  • 3D imaging technologies for the documentation of underwater sites;
  • Sensing, diagnostic, and monitoring technologies for UCH;
  • Advanced data processing technologies applied to the conservation and monitoring of UCH;
  • Characterization and diagnostics of underwater materials;
  • Conservation state assessment and conservation-restoration technologies for underwater archaeological sites and objects;
  • Case studies dealing with conservation and valorization of UCH;
  • Digital technologies for the exploitation of UCH.


Prof. Dr. Fabio Bruno
Dr. Antonio Lagudi
Dr. Michela Ricca
Dr. Javier Prieto
Prof. Dr. Mauro Francesco La Russa
Prof. Dr. George Papatheodorou
Prof. Dr. Nikola Mišković
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • underwater cultural heritage
  • virtual and augmented reality
  • marine robotics
  • artificial intelligence
  • underwater 3D imaging
  • conservation
  • diagnostics

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Underwater Power Tools for In Situ Preservation, Cleaning and Consolidation of Submerged Archaeological Remains
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(6), 676; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9060676 - 19 Jun 2021
Viewed by 956
Abstract
In situ protection and conservation of the Underwater Cultural Heritage are now considered a primary choice by the scientific community to be preferred, when possible, over the practice of recovery. The conservation of the artefacts within their environmental context is essential in fact [...] Read more.
In situ protection and conservation of the Underwater Cultural Heritage are now considered a primary choice by the scientific community to be preferred, when possible, over the practice of recovery. The conservation of the artefacts within their environmental context is essential in fact for a correct interpretation of archaeological presences and to preserve their true value intact for future generations. However, this is not an easy task because modern technological equipment is necessary to make the work carried out by underwater restorers and archaeologists faster and more efficient. To this end, the paper presents three innovative underwater power tools for the cleaning, conservation, and consolidation activities to be performed in submerged archaeological sites. The first one is an underwater cleaning brush tool for a soft cleaning of the underwater archaeological structures and artefacts; the second one is a multifunctional underwater hammer drill suitable to be used as a corer sampler, chisel, or drill; the last one is an injection tool specifically designed to dispense mortar underwater for consolidation techniques of submerged structures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Technologies for Maritime and Underwater Archaeology)
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Article
Innovation Concept Model and Prototype Validation of Robotic Fish with a Spatial Oscillating Rigid Caudal Fin
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(4), 435; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9040435 - 17 Apr 2021
Viewed by 484
Abstract
Inspired by carangiform fish with a high-aspect ratio of the caudal fin’s up-down swing, but also by dolphins with a similar caudal fin’s left-right swing, a robotic fish with a spatial oscillating rigid caudal fin is implemented to optimize propulsion and maneuverability, whose [...] Read more.
Inspired by carangiform fish with a high-aspect ratio of the caudal fin’s up-down swing, but also by dolphins with a similar caudal fin’s left-right swing, a robotic fish with a spatial oscillating rigid caudal fin is implemented to optimize propulsion and maneuverability, whose orientation could be transformed to any position of a taper domain. First, three steering-engines were adopted to make the conceptual prototype, and an experimental apparatus for measuring thrust, lift forces, lateral forces and torque was developed. Then, three comparison experiments, respectively corresponding to the three modes of cruise, diving and maneuvering in random space, were conducted to imitate bionic fish’s hydrodynamics. The comparison results of the experiments proved that propelling and maneuvering in any direction could be realized through changing the orientation of the spatial oscillating rigid caudal fin. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Technologies for Maritime and Underwater Archaeology)
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Article
Digital Technologies for the Sustainable Development of the Accessible Underwater Cultural Heritage Sites
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(11), 955; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110955 - 23 Nov 2020
Viewed by 1042
Abstract
In recent years, the development in digital technologies such as Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) has evolved rapidly. These technologies are currently in the process of creating driving change in the Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs), representing innovative means to share [...] Read more.
In recent years, the development in digital technologies such as Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) has evolved rapidly. These technologies are currently in the process of creating driving change in the Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs), representing innovative means to share information, facilitating access and increasing the value and public awareness on Cultural and Natural Heritage. This is particularly relevant for underwater environments, where the most interesting cultural and naturalistic sites are accessible only to scuba divers, or not accessible at all, due to depth and/or environmental constraints. In addition, in underwater sites, guided diving tours are carried out by professionals that usually describe the area to be visited during the predive briefings; such step is needed due to the impossibility of underwater verbal communication without dedicated equipment, a practice very rarely adopted for recreational diving. So, these difficulties make it almost impossible to replicate under the sea, the guided tour approach that is usually offered in on-land museums. Considering such limitations, several technological applications are emerging to increase the accessibility underwater and enrich users’ experience both for divers and nondivers. This work aims to identify the potential of underwater sites (either cultural or natural) to support the development of sustainable tourism (economic, environmental, cultural and social) in the Mediterranean. Moreover, it focuses on supplying local/regional authorities and stakeholders with a multidisciplinary plan for managing Underwater Museums and Knowledge Centres, by promoting innovation in the diving industry and improving users’/tourists’ experience through value-added services and cutting-edge technologies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Technologies for Maritime and Underwater Archaeology)
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Article
Assessing the Accuracy of Underwater Photogrammetry for Archaeology: A Comparison of Structure from Motion Photogrammetry and Real Time Kinematic Survey at the East Key Construction Wreck
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(11), 849; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110849 - 28 Oct 2020
Viewed by 1144
Abstract
The National Park Service (NPS) Submerged Resources Center (SRC) documented the East Key Construction Wreck in Dry Tortugas National Park using Structure from Motion photogrammetry, traditional archaeological hand mapping, and real time kinematic GPS (Global Positioning System) survey to test the accuracy of [...] Read more.
The National Park Service (NPS) Submerged Resources Center (SRC) documented the East Key Construction Wreck in Dry Tortugas National Park using Structure from Motion photogrammetry, traditional archaeological hand mapping, and real time kinematic GPS (Global Positioning System) survey to test the accuracy of and establish a baseline “worst case scenario” for 3D models created with NPS SRC’s tri-camera photogrammetry system, SeaArray. The data sets were compared using statistical analysis to determine accuracy and precision. Additionally, the team evaluated the amount of time and resources necessary to produce an acceptably accurate photogrammetry model that can be used for a variety of archaeological functions, including site monitoring and interpretation. Through statistical analysis, the team determined that, in the worst case scenario, in its current iteration, photogrammetry models created with SeaArray have a margin of error of 5.29 cm at a site over 84 m in length and 65 m in width. This paper discusses the design of the survey, acquisition and processing of data, analysis, issues encountered, and plans to improve the accuracy of the SeaArray photogrammetry system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Technologies for Maritime and Underwater Archaeology)
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