Special Issue "Dissecting the Relationship between Personality Disorders and Suicide"

A special issue of Journal of Clinical Medicine (ISSN 2077-0383). This special issue belongs to the section "Psychiatry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla
Website
Guest Editor
1. Department of Psychiatry, Puerta de Hierro University Hospital, Health Research Institute Puerta de Hierro-Segovia de Arana (IDIPHISA), Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain
2. CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain
3. Autonoma University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
4. ITA Mental Health, Madrid, Spain
Interests: suicidal behavior; personality disorders; ADHD; psychopharmacology; biomarkers

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The prevalence of personality disorders (PDs) is approximately 10% worldwide. A combination of genetic factors and difficult life experiences, particularly chilhood maltreatment, contribute to PD development. PDs are associated with a high risk of suicidal behavior (SB) and death by suicide. However, the impact of PDs on SB and SB-related behaviors (e.g., self-harm, suicidal gestures) is underestimated. Indeed, with the remarkable exception of borderline personality disorder (BPD), the role of other PDs has scarcely been studied. For instance, suicide is a clinically significant but underevaluated cause of mortality in narcissistic PD (NPD). Indeed, there are no reliable estimates of SB for this population. Moreover, certain life events (LEs) can precipitate SB in patients with a PD, but the question about specific putative combinations of LEs and PDs increasing suicidal risk remains poorly studied. In addition, PDs distinguish between suicide attempters and completers. Thus, suicide completers and suicide attempters are more likely to be diagnosed with NPD and BPD, respectively. Moreover, schizoid PD is related to medically serious suicide attempts. These findings emphasize the relevance of implementing prevention programs tailored to suicide attempters and completers.

With the advent of the ICD-11, the classification of PDs is no longer categorical but dimensional. With the exception of BPD, all distinct PD categories from ICD-10 are missing. A PD is defined by the severity of the disorder. Indeed, some authors have argued that a PD’s severity might be more useful in estimating suicide risk than the use of specific PD categories. From the perspective of child and adolescent psychiatry, ICD-11 removed the age limit. Accordingly, PDs can be diagnosed across the lifespan, thus offering a new perspective on the relationship between PDs and suicide in adolescents.

The aim of this Special Issue is to provide up-to-date information on the relationship between PD and suicide. We are particularly interested in novel and disruptive approaches, such as: 1) the role of a PD in processing and tolerating the mental pain that leads to suicide; 2) the contribution of a PD to the presuicidal syndrome across the lifespan, but particularly during life-cycle transitions (adolescence, middle age, or elderly age); and 3) novel tools (e.g., big data, data mining, artificial intelligence) applied to novel sources of information (e.g., social media) to disentangle the relationship bertween PD and suicide in the 21st century.

Dr. Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Clinical Medicine is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • personality traits
  • personality disorders
  • self-harm
  • non-suicidal self injury (NSSI)
  • suicidal behavior (SB)
  • suicide attempts (SA)
  • suicide gestures
  • parasuicide
  • suicide
  • mental pain

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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