Special Issue "Efficient Capturing of 3D Objects at a National Level: With a Focus on Buildings and Infrastructure"

A special issue of ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information (ISSN 2220-9964).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2015)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Jantien Stoter

3D Geoinformation Group, Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, Kadaster, The Netherlands
Chair EuroSDR Commission 4 “Data Specifications” Consultant Product and Process Innovation, Kadaster, Apeldoorn Consultant Geo-ICT, Geonovum, Amersfoort
Website | E-Mail
Interests: 3D modeling; 3D standards; 3D applications; 3D data maintenance and dissemination
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Franz Rottensteiner

Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Photogrammetry and GeoInformation, Hannover, Germany; Chair ISPRS WG II/4: “3D Scene Reconstruction and Analysis”
Website | E-Mail
Interests: classification; object recognition; 3D city modeling; updating of topographic databases
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Fabio Remondino

Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), 3D Optical Metrology (3DOM) unit, Trento, Italy; Vice-President of EuroSDR; President of ISPRS Technical Commission II “Photogrammetry”; Vice-President CIPA Heritage Documentation
Website | E-Mail
Fax: +39 0461 314340
Interests: photogrammetry; laser scanning; 3D reconstruction; 3D modeling; sensor integration
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Norbert Pfeifer

Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Chair EuroSDR Commission 2 “Image Analysis and Information Extraction”
Website | E-Mail
Fax: +43 58801 122 99
Interests: Earth observation with photogrammetry and laser scanning; information extraction from images; topographic and environmental modelling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Growing awareness of our intensively used environment makes 3D information increasingly important in many applications. Recently, important research results have been achieved on automated 3D reconstruction, yet the challenge remains as to how to apply these results to obtain and maintain nationwide 3D data sets.

To bridge this gap between researchers and practitioners, a workshop is being organized as a joint effort of EuroSDR (European Spatial Data Research) and ISPRS WGs III/4 and III/2 (Point Cloud Processing), from 26–28 November 2014, Ordnance Survey, UK. The call for the workshop can be found at: http://www.eurosdr.net/workshops/eurosdrisprs-workshop-efficient-capturing-3d-objects-national-level-focus-buildings-and-infrastructure

This IJGI Special Issue is meant to support the topics of the workshop by collecting and publishing full papers on related issues. Attendees who present an abstract at the workshop are especially invited to submit full papers for publication after the usual review process. However, submission of relevant papers to this issue is also open to other authors.


Authors are invited to submit papers related to the workshop topics (with focus on the most prominent features in 3D topological models, i.e., buildings and transportation networks), particularly:

  • data capture methodologies (e.g., LiDAR, aerial photogrammetry, terrestrial laser scanning, existing 2D data) of interest for the generation of 3D topological models;
  • efficient 3D object capture methodologies for very large areas (e.g., national coverage);
  • validation of generated 3D objects because “as automated as possible” might not always be the most efficient solution (i.e., guaranteeing a valid 3D object output for 60% of the objects could be preferable over a solution that targets a higher percentage but requires higher levels of human verification);
  • consistency of the generated 3D data with the original 3D source in case of updates;
  • maintenance of very large 3D data sets in data base management systems;
  • initial data capture versus incremental update of existing national (3D) models, which will require embedding the 3D modeling within established processes of continuous incremental updating of countrywide data sets;
  • minimum 3D modeling requirements of National Mapping Agencies (NMAs) and other relevant governmental mapping organizations.

Prof. Dr. Jantien Stoter
A/Prof. Dr. Franz Rottensteiner
Dr. Fabio Remondino
Prof. Dr. Norbert Pfeifer
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Open AccessReview Applications of 3D City Models: State of the Art Review
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(4), 2842-2889; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi4042842
Received: 2 November 2015 / Revised: 30 November 2015 / Accepted: 8 December 2015 / Published: 18 December 2015
Cited by 70 | PDF Full-text (8100 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
In the last decades, 3D city models appear to have been predominantly used for visualisation; however, today they are being increasingly employed in a number of domains and for a large range of tasks beyond visualisation. In this paper, we seek to understand
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In the last decades, 3D city models appear to have been predominantly used for visualisation; however, today they are being increasingly employed in a number of domains and for a large range of tasks beyond visualisation. In this paper, we seek to understand and document the state of the art regarding the utilisation of 3D city models across multiple domains based on a comprehensive literature study including hundreds of research papers, technical reports and online resources. A challenge in a study such as ours is that the ways in which 3D city models are used cannot be readily listed due to fuzziness, terminological ambiguity, unclear added-value of 3D geoinformation in some instances, and absence of technical information. To address this challenge, we delineate a hierarchical terminology (spatial operations, use cases, applications), and develop a theoretical reasoning to segment and categorise the diverse uses of 3D city models. Following this framework, we provide a list of identified use cases of 3D city models (with a description of each), and their applications. Our study demonstrates that 3D city models are employed in at least 29 use cases that are a part of more than 100 applications. The classified inventory could be useful for scientists as well as stakeholders in the geospatial industry, such as companies and national mapping agencies, as it may serve as a reference document to better position their operations, design product portfolios, and to better understand the market. Full article

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Open AccessCase Report The Building Blocks of User-Focused 3D City Models
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(4), 2890-2904; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi4042890
Received: 27 August 2015 / Accepted: 7 November 2015 / Published: 21 December 2015
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (1956 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
At Ordnance Survey, GB, we have taken an incremental approach to creating our 3D geospatial database. Research at Ordnance Survey has focused not only on methods for deriving 3D data, but also on the needs of the user in terms of the actual
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At Ordnance Survey, GB, we have taken an incremental approach to creating our 3D geospatial database. Research at Ordnance Survey has focused not only on methods for deriving 3D data, but also on the needs of the user in terms of the actual tasks they perform. This provides insights into the type and quality of the data required and how its quality is conveyed. In 2007, using task analysis and user-centred design, we derived a set of geometric characteristics of building exteriors that are relevant to one or more use contexts. This work has been valuable for guiding which building data to collect and how to augment our products. In 2014, we began to supply building height attributes as an alpha-release enhancement to our 2D topography data, OS MasterMap® Topography Layer. This is the first in a series of enhancements of our 2D data that forms part of a road map that will ultimately lead to a full range of 3D products. This paper outlines our research journey from the understanding of the key 3D building characteristics to the development of geo-spatial products and the specification of research. There remains a rich seam of research into methods for capturing user-focused, geo-spatial data to enable visualisation and analysis in three dimensions. Because the process of informing and designing a product is necessarily focused on the practicalities of production, storage and distribution, this paper is presented as a case report, as we believe our journey will be of interest to others involved in the capture of 3D buildings at a national level. Full article

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