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Special Issue "The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Global Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 July 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Helena Legido-Quigley

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Singapore 119077, Singapore
Website | E-Mail
Interests: migrant health; patient’s experiences; health systems and policies
Guest Editor
Dr. Montserrat Gea-Sánchez

GESEC group, Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida. GRECS group, Institute of Biomedial Research in Lleida (IRBLleida). GLOMHI: Global Migration and Health Initiative, University of Toronto
Website 1 | Website 2 | Website 3 | E-Mail
Interests: migrant health; social determinants of health; health systems and services

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In 2018, there were an estimated 1 billion migrants in the world, of whom more than a quarter were international migrants. Furthermore, the number of forcibly displaced migrants worldwide has risen to 65 million, with nearly 26 million refugees and asylum seekers. Whilst international migrants need to access health services in thier migration journey and once they arrive to their new host country, very little is known about the health and health system needs of these populations.

This Special Issue aims to contribute to knowledge and policy design and implementation by providing much needed evidence on international migration. We welcome papers on international migration, including migrant workers in precarious work, refugees, and asylum seekers. We welcome research that focuses on migration movements in high-income countries as well as, and perhaps more importantly, on research focusing on the large migration flows from Global South countries. We encourage papers describing issues pertaining to migrants’ access to healthcare services (covering both infectious and non-communicable diseases); analyzing migrants’ social and health inequalities; exploring the ways in which international, national and local organizations are addressing migrant health; and the implications of such movements on public policy and population health. Papers should focus on research and interventions that focus on barriers to be overcome, including aspects related to migrants themselves such as cultural norms and gender roles, as well as focusing on the broader regulatory and legal frameworks. We also welcome research that describes positive inititives that are currently taking place to address the needs of migrants whilst also accounting for the differences in context.

This Special Issue seeks quantitative and qualitative studies as well as mixed-methods studies. High-quality systematic reviews will be also considered. We especially welcome research projects that adopt a multisectoral and multidisplinary approach.

Dr. Helena Legido-Quigley
Dr. Montserrat Gea-Sánchez
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Migrants
  • Refugees
  • Asylum seekers
  • Migrant health
  • Access to health care
  • Health inequalities
  • Health systems
  • Social determinants of health
  • Policy analysis
  • Multidisciplinary research
  • Systematic review
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research
  • Mixed methods

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Why I Can’t, Won’t or Don’t Test for HIV: Insights from Australian Migrants Born in Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 1034; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061034
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 10 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 21 March 2019
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Abstract
People born in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia are overrepresented in HIV notifications in Australia. Just under half of all notifications among people from sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia are diagnosed late. Increased HIV testing among these communities is necessary to ensure early [...] Read more.
People born in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia are overrepresented in HIV notifications in Australia. Just under half of all notifications among people from sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia are diagnosed late. Increased HIV testing among these communities is necessary to ensure early diagnosis, better care and reduce likelihood of HIV onward transmission. Recently, Australia has made new HIV testing methods available: rapid HIV testing and self-testing kits. We conducted 11 focus groups with 77 participants with people from sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia in four jurisdictions in Australia. Focus groups discussed barriers to HIV testing and the acceptability of new testing methods. Barriers to HIV testing included: cost and eligibility of health services, low visibility of HIV in Australia, HIV-related stigma, and missed opportunities by general practitioners (GPs) for early diagnosis of HIV and linkage into care. Participants had low levels of knowledge on where to test for HIV and the different methods available. Diverse opportunities for testing were considered important. Interventions to increase HIV testing rates among sub-Saharan African, Southeast Asia and Northeast Asian migrants in Australia need to be multi-strategic and aimed at individual, community and policy levels. New methods of HIV testing, including rapid HIV testing and self-testing, present an opportunity to engage with migrants outside of traditional health care settings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
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Open AccessArticle The Devil Is in the Detail—Understanding Divergence between Intention and Implementation of Health Policy for Undocumented Migrants in Thailand
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 1016; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061016
Received: 6 February 2019 / Revised: 13 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
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Abstract
Migrants’ access to healthcare has attracted attention from policy makers in Thailand for many years. The most relevant policies have been (i) the Health Insurance Card Scheme (HICS) and (ii) the One Stop Service (OSS) registration measure, targeting undocumented migrants from neighbouring countries. [...] Read more.
Migrants’ access to healthcare has attracted attention from policy makers in Thailand for many years. The most relevant policies have been (i) the Health Insurance Card Scheme (HICS) and (ii) the One Stop Service (OSS) registration measure, targeting undocumented migrants from neighbouring countries. This study sought to examine gaps and dissonance between de jure policy intention and de facto implementation through qualitative methods. In-depth interviews with policy makers and local implementers and document reviews of migrant-related laws and regulations were undertaken. Framework analysis with inductive and deductive coding was undertaken. Ranong province was chosen as the study area as it had the largest proportion of migrants. Though the government required undocumented migrants to buy the insurance card and undertake nationality verification (NV) through the OSS, in reality a large number of migrants were left uninsured and the NV made limited progress. Unclear policy messages, bureaucratic hurdles, and inadequate inter-ministerial coordination were key challenges. Some frontline implementers adapted the policies to cope with their routine problems resulting in divergence from the initial policy objectives. The study highlighted that though Thailand has been recognized for its success in expanding insurance coverage to undocumented migrants, there were still unsolved operational challenges. To tackle these, in the short term the government should resolve policy ambiguities and promote inter-ministerial coordination. In the long-term the government should explore the feasibility of facilitating lawful cross-border travel and streamlining health system functions between Thailand and its neighbours. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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