Special Issue "Asbestos Exposure and Health Impact"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2022) | Viewed by 43390
Interests: epidemiology; environmental and occupational epidemiology; exposure assessment; health impact; epidemiological surveillance; contaminated sites; waste, asbestos
Asbestos is one of the most widespread occupational carcinogens. The WHO has estimated that around 12 milion people worldwide are currently exposed to asbestos at their workplace (https://www.who.int/ipcs/assessment/public_health/asbestos/en/). There is sufficient evidence that all asbestos fibers cause malignant mesothelioma, lung, larynx, and ovary cancers, and limited evidence for pharingeal, stomach, and colonrectum cancers has been defined (IARC, 2012). In 2017, the IARC defined also the fluoro-edenite, an asbestos-like fibrous mineral, as carcinogenic to humans, on the basis of the ascertained causal link with mesothelioma (IARC, 2017). Non-communicable diseases, such as pleural fibrosis and asbestosis, are caused by asbestos exposure also (Wolff et al, 2015).
The recent Global Burden Diseases study estimated about 63% of occupational cancers attrbutable to asbestos in 2017 at the global level, including 27,000 cases of mesothelioma, 191,000 lung cancers, 6000 ovary and 4000 laynx cancers, and 3000 cases of asbestosis (GBD 2017 Risk Factors Collaborators, 2018). The risk of pleural mesothelioma caused by environmental exposure to asbestos, i.e., the residence near asbestos fiber sources (quarries, asbestos-cement plants), is also recognized, even if estimating the health impact of environmental exposure to asbestos is particularly difficult (Goldberg and Luce, 2009).
The improvement of early diagnosis and the establishment of registries of the people exposed to asbestos is recommended by the WHO ((https://www.who.int/ipcs/assessment/public_health/asbestos/en/). According to WHO recommendations, several investigations are currently in progress aimed at the identification of early markers of mesothelioma and screening protocols for the early diagnosis of lung cancer in subjects exposed to asbestos. The epidemiological surveillance of mesothelioma at national level, based on mortality database and/or cases registry, has been operating in some countries for many years, in the form of tracking of past and ongoing asbestos exposure contexts; initiatives to implement national plans in this sense are ongoing in middle- and low-income countries.
The WHO European Region countries committed to developing national programs to eliminate asbestos-related diseases recommend stopping the use and production of all forms of asbestos, in agreement with the WHO and the International Labor Organization (ILO) (https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0013/341131/Fact-Sheet-4-Elimination-of-Asbestos-Related-Diseases.pdf).
This Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on the current state of knowledge on the relationship functions between asbestos exposure and the occurrence of asbestos-related diseases and on the estimates of the health impact of asbestos at global and local level. In addition, papers on protocols for early diagnosis and health surveillance will be appreciated.
New research papers, reviews, and case reports on the health impact of occupational and environmental asbestos exposure, including asbestos-like fibers, i.e., erionite and fluoro-edenite, are welcome to this issue.
We will accept manuscripts from different disciplines, including exposure and health impact assessment science, epidemiology, intervention studies, risk management, health surveillance, and public health programs.
Dr. Carolina Mensi
Dr. Lucia Fazzo
Manuscript Submission Information
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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- health impact
- asbestos-related diseases
- health surveillance
- occupational diseases
- environmental exposure
- exposure assessment