Special Issue "Emerging Technologies for Advanced Water Purification"

A special issue of Environments (ISSN 2076-3298).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 August 2021).

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Zacharias Frontistis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
Interests: environmental engineering; water and wastewater engineering advanced oxidation processes (AOPs); environmental modeling; environmental catalysis
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, the reuse of wastewater has increased dramatically due to the constant increase in water demand. This is due both to population growth and urbanization and to climate change. From this perspective, research in the field of advanced water management and treatment has increased significantly. New technologies have emerged to address new challenges, such as the degradation of persistent pollutants and emerging contaminants, non-biodegradable wastewater, and pathogens.

This Special Issue welcomes submissions on advanced wastewater management and treatment including but not limited to:

- Physico-chemical processes (membrane technologies, coagulation-flocculation, etc.);

- Advanced oxidation processes (photocatalysis, ozone Fenton, activated persulfate, sonochemistry, electrochemical oxidation, etc.);

- Applications of new catalytic materials for advanced wastewater treatment;

- Combination of biological and physicochemical processes—hybrid treatment;

- Advanced biological treatment (moving bed and membrane bioreactors, etc.);

- Bioremediation and phytoremediation;

- Studies carried out in pilot plants or related to size scaling;

- Applications of artificial intelligence to advanced waste treatment;

- Simulation of advanced treatment of wastewater or drinking water.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zacharias Frontistis
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Environments is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • non-biodegradable wastewater
  • emerging contaminants
  • advanced wastewater treatment
  • physicochemical treatment
  • MBR reactor
  • bioremediation
  • advanced oxidation processes
  • pilot plants
  • simulation of wastewater treatment

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Article
UV Light-Irradiated Photocatalytic Degradation of Coffee Processing Wastewater Using TiO2 as a Catalyst
Environments 2020, 7(6), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments7060047 - 19 Jun 2020
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2172
Abstract
The coffee industry generates a significant amount of wastewater that is rich in organic loads and is highly acidic. The present study investigates the potential of the heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation process to reduce the pollutant load in coffee processing wastewater. The experimental runs [...] Read more.
The coffee industry generates a significant amount of wastewater that is rich in organic loads and is highly acidic. The present study investigates the potential of the heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation process to reduce the pollutant load in coffee processing wastewater. The experimental runs were conducted to evaluate the effect of operative parameters such as pH, catalyst dosage, intensity of UV light irradiation, and addition of oxidant on Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and colour reduction. Significant results for COD and colour removal, 67%, and 70% respectively, were achieved at a pH of 4 with titanium dioxide (TiO2), and a catalyst dosage of 500 mg/L, using four ultraviolet-C (UV-C) lamps of 16 W each. With the addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant, the removal efficiency increased to 84% and 75% for COD and colour, respectively. Finally, the best results obtained by photocatalytic degradation using UV light were compared to those using solar light. Based on the investigation, it was inferred that the pollutant removal efficiency in coffee pulping wastewater was also considerably high under sunlight. These findings may have relevance in terms of application in countries where coffee processing is carried out and where sunlight irradiance is usually strong: the technique could be exploited to decrease the pollutant content of this wastewater sustainably. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Technologies for Advanced Water Purification)
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Review

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Review
Recent Trends in Pharmaceuticals Removal from Water Using Electrochemical Oxidation Processes
Environments 2021, 8(8), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments8080085 - 22 Aug 2021
Viewed by 818
Abstract
Nowadays, the research on the environmental applications of electrochemistry to remove recalcitrant and priority pollutants and, in particular, drugs from the aqueous phase has increased dramatically. This literature review summarizes the applications of electrochemical oxidation in recent years to decompose pharmaceuticals that are [...] Read more.
Nowadays, the research on the environmental applications of electrochemistry to remove recalcitrant and priority pollutants and, in particular, drugs from the aqueous phase has increased dramatically. This literature review summarizes the applications of electrochemical oxidation in recent years to decompose pharmaceuticals that are often detected in environmental samples such as carbamazapine, sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, diclofenac, ibuprofen, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, etc. Similar to most physicochemical processes, efficiency depends on many operating parameters, while the combination with either biological or other physicochemical methods seems particularly attractive. In addition, various strategies such as using three-dimensional electrodes or the electrosynthesis of hydrogen peroxide have been proposed to overcome the disadvantages of electrochemical oxidation. Finally, some guidelines are proposed for future research into the applications of environmental electrochemistry for the degradation of xenobiotic compounds and micropollutants from environmental matrices. The main goal of the present review paper is to facilitate future researchers to design their experiments concerning the electrochemical oxidation processes for the degradation of micropollutants/emerging contaminants, especially, some specific drugs considering, also, the existing limitations of each process. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Technologies for Advanced Water Purification)
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Review
A Way to Membrane-Based Environmental Remediation for Heavy Metal Removal
Environments 2021, 8(6), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments8060052 - 04 Jun 2021
Viewed by 1040
Abstract
During the last century, industrialization has grown very fast and as a result heavy metals have contaminated many water sources. Due to their high toxicity, these pollutants are hazardous for humans, fish, and aquatic flora. Traditional techniques for their removal are adsorption, electro-dialysis, [...] Read more.
During the last century, industrialization has grown very fast and as a result heavy metals have contaminated many water sources. Due to their high toxicity, these pollutants are hazardous for humans, fish, and aquatic flora. Traditional techniques for their removal are adsorption, electro-dialysis, precipitation, and ion exchange, but they all present various drawbacks. Membrane technology represents an exciting alternative to the traditional ones characterized by high efficiency, low energy consumption and waste production, mild operating conditions, and easy scale-up. In this review, the attention has been focused on applying driven-pressure membrane processes for heavy metal removal, highlighting each of the positive and negative aspects. Advantages and disadvantages, and recent progress on the production of nanocomposite membranes and electrospun nanofiber membranes for the adsorption of heavy metal ions have also been reported and critically discussed. Finally, future prospective research activities and the key steps required to make their use effective on an industrial scale have been presented Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Technologies for Advanced Water Purification)
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