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Special Issue "Intermittency and Self-Organisation in Turbulence and Statistical Mechanics"

A special issue of Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Eun-jin Kim

School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: fluid dynamics; magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); plasma physics; self-organisation; non-equilibrium statistical mechanics; turbulence; solar/stellar physics; magnetic fusion; information theory; homeostasis in biosystems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

There is overwhelming evidence, from laboratory experiments, observations, and computational studies, that coherent structures can cause intermittent transport, dramatically enhancing transport. A proper description of this intermittent phenomenon, however, is extremely difficult, requiring a new non-perturbative theory, such as statistical description. Furthermore, multi-scale interactions are responsible for inevitably complex dynamics in strongly non-equilibrium systems, a proper understanding of which remains a main challenge in classical physics. As a remarkable consequence of multi-scale interaction, a quasi-equilibrium state (the so-called self-organisation) can however be maintained.

This Special Issue aims to present different theories of statistical mechanics to understand this challenging multiscale problem in turbulence. Submissions addressing intermittency, coherent structures and self-organisation are especially welcome.

Dr. Eun-jin Kim
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Entropy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Turbulence
  • Statistical Mechanics
  • Intermittency
  • Coherent Structure
  • Multi-scale Problem
  • Self-Organisation

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Trailing-Edge Flap Control for Mitigating Rotor Power Fluctuations of a Large-Scale Offshore Floating Wind Turbine under the Turbulent Wind Condition
Entropy 2018, 20(9), 676; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20090676
Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
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Abstract
A trailing-edge flap control strategy for mitigating rotor power fluctuations of a 5 MW offshore floating wind turbine is developed under turbulent wind inflow. The wind shear must be considered because of the large rotor diameter. The trailing-edge flap control strategy is based
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A trailing-edge flap control strategy for mitigating rotor power fluctuations of a 5 MW offshore floating wind turbine is developed under turbulent wind inflow. The wind shear must be considered because of the large rotor diameter. The trailing-edge flap control strategy is based on the turbulent wind speed, the blade azimuth angle, and the platform motions. The rotor power is predicted using the free vortex wake method, coupled with the control strategy. The effect of the trailing-edge flap control on the rotor power is determined by a comparison with the rotor power of a turbine without a trailing-edge flap control. The optimal values of the three control factors are obtained. The results show that the trailing-edge flap control strategy is effective for improving the stability of the output rotor power of the floating wind turbine under the turbulent wind condition. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Time-Dependent Probability Density Functions and Attractor Structure in Self-Organised Shear Flows
Entropy 2018, 20(8), 613; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20080613
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 17 August 2018
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Abstract
We report the time-evolution of Probability Density Functions (PDFs) in a toy model of self-organised shear flows, where the formation of shear flows is induced by a finite memory time of a stochastic forcing, manifested by the emergence of a bimodal PDF with
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We report the time-evolution of Probability Density Functions (PDFs) in a toy model of self-organised shear flows, where the formation of shear flows is induced by a finite memory time of a stochastic forcing, manifested by the emergence of a bimodal PDF with the two peaks representing non-zero mean values of a shear flow. Using theoretical analyses of limiting cases, as well as numerical solutions of the full Fokker–Planck equation, we present a thorough parameter study of PDFs for different values of the correlation time and amplitude of stochastic forcing. From time-dependent PDFs, we calculate the information length ( L ), which is the total number of statistically different states that a system passes through in time and utilise it to understand the information geometry associated with the formation of bimodal or unimodal PDFs. We identify the difference between the relaxation and build-up of the shear gradient in view of information change and discuss the total information length ( L = L ( t ) ) which maps out the underlying attractor structures, highlighting a unique property of L which depends on the trajectory/history of a PDF’s evolution. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Turbulence through the Spyglass of Bilocal Kinetics
Entropy 2018, 20(7), 539; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20070539
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 13 July 2018 / Accepted: 16 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
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Abstract
In two recent papers we introduced a generalization of Boltzmann’s assumption of molecular chaos based on a criterion of maximum entropy, which allowed setting up a bilocal version of Boltzmann’s kinetic equation. The present paper aims to investigate how the essentially non-local character
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In two recent papers we introduced a generalization of Boltzmann’s assumption of molecular chaos based on a criterion of maximum entropy, which allowed setting up a bilocal version of Boltzmann’s kinetic equation. The present paper aims to investigate how the essentially non-local character of turbulent flows can be addressed through this bilocal kinetic description, instead of the more standard approach through the local Euler/Navier–Stokes equation. Balance equations appropriate to this kinetic scheme are derived and closed so as to provide bilocal hydrodynamical equations at the non-viscous order. These equations essentially consist of two copies of the usual local equations, but coupled through a bilocal pressure tensor. Interestingly, our formalism automatically produces a closed transport equation for this coupling term. Full article
Open AccessArticle Transition of Transient Channel Flow with High Reynolds Number Ratios
Entropy 2018, 20(5), 375; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20050375
Received: 24 March 2018 / Revised: 14 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 / Published: 17 May 2018
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Abstract
Large-eddy simulations of turbulent channel flow subjected to a step-like acceleration have been performed to investigate the effect of high Reynolds number ratios on the transient behaviour of turbulence. It is shown that the response of the flow exhibits the same fundamental characteristics
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Large-eddy simulations of turbulent channel flow subjected to a step-like acceleration have been performed to investigate the effect of high Reynolds number ratios on the transient behaviour of turbulence. It is shown that the response of the flow exhibits the same fundamental characteristics described in He & Seddighi (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 715, 2013, pp. 60–102 and vol. 764, 2015, pp. 395–427)—a three-stage response resembling that of the bypass transition of boundary layer flows. The features of transition are seen to become more striking as the Re-ratio increases—the elongated streaks become stronger and longer, and the initial turbulent spot sites at the onset of transition become increasingly sparse. The critical Reynolds number of transition and the transition period Reynolds number for those cases are shown to deviate from the trends of He & Seddighi (2015). The high Re-ratio cases show double peaks in the transient response of streamwise fluctuation profiles shortly after the onset of transition. Conditionally-averaged turbulent statistics based on a λ_2-criterion are used to show that the two peaks in the fluctuation profiles are due to separate contributions of the active and inactive regions of turbulence generation. The peak closer to the wall is attributed to the generation of “new” turbulence in the active region, whereas the peak farther away from the wall is attributed to the elongated streaks in the inactive region. In the low Re-ratio cases, the peaks of these two regions are close to each other during the entire transient, resulting in a single peak in the domain-averaged profile. Full article
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