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Entropy 2019, 21(4), 340; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21040340

The Influence of Internal Intermittency, Large Scale Inhomogeneity, and Impeller Type on Drop Size Distribution in Turbulent Liquid-Liquid Dispersions

Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-645 Warsaw, Poland
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
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Abstract

The influence of the impeller type on drop size distribution (DSD) in turbulent liquid-liquid dispersion is considered in this paper. The effects of the application of two impellers, high power number, high shear impeller (six blade Rushton turbine, RT) and three blade low power number, and a high efficiency impeller (HE3) are compared. Large-scale and fine-scale inhomogeneity are taken into account. The flow field and the properties of the turbulence (energy dissipation rate and integral scale of turbulence) in the agitated vessel are determined using the k-ε model. The intermittency of turbulence is taken into account in droplet breakage and coalescence models by using multifractal formalism. The solution of the population balance equation for lean dispersions (when the only breakage takes place) with a dispersed phase of low viscosity (pure system or system containing surfactant), as well as high viscosity, show that at the same power input per unit mass HE3 impeller produces much smaller droplets. In the case of fast coalescence (low dispersed phase viscosity, no surfactant), the model predicts similar droplets generated by both impellers. In the case of a dispersed phase of high viscosity, when the mobility of the drop surface is reduced, HE3 produces slightly smaller droplets. View Full-Text
Keywords: drop breakage; drop coalescence; local intermittency; turbulent flow; population balance equation; high efficiency impeller; Rushton turbine drop breakage; drop coalescence; local intermittency; turbulent flow; population balance equation; high efficiency impeller; Rushton turbine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Podgórska, W. The Influence of Internal Intermittency, Large Scale Inhomogeneity, and Impeller Type on Drop Size Distribution in Turbulent Liquid-Liquid Dispersions. Entropy 2019, 21, 340.

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