Special Issue "Advances in Biomass for Energy Technology"
A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (29 February 2016)
In many domestic and industrial processes, vast percentages of primary energy are produced by the combustion of fossil fuels. Apart from diminishing source of fossil fuels and the increasing risk of higher costs and energy security, the impact on the environment is worsening continually. Renewables are becoming very popular, but, at present, more expensive than fossil fuels, especially photovoltaic and hydropower. Biomass is one of the most established and common sources of fuel known to mankind, and has been in continuous use for domestic heating, and cooking over the years, especially in poorer communities. The use of biomass to produce electricity is interesting and is gaining ground. There are several ways of producing electricity from biomass. Steam turbines and gas turbines technology is well established but requires temperatures in excess of 250 °C to work effectively. The organic Rankine cycle (ORC), where low boiling point organic solutions can be used to tailor the appropriate solution is particularly successful for relatively low temperature heat sources, such as waste heat from coal, gas, and biomass burners. Other relatively recent technologies have become more visible, such as the Stirling engine and Thermo-Electric generators are particularly useful for small power production.
Indirect production of energy from Biomass relies on the production of transport fuel, such as ethanol or biodiesel.
Prof. Dr. Tariq Al-Shemmeri
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Stirling engines
- thermoelectric generators
- organic Rankine cycle
- biomass gasifies