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Hybrid Battery Energy Storage System

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D: Energy Storage and Application".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 21 August 2024 | Viewed by 1718

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Mechatronics Research Group, Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Interests: electrical machines; power electronics; energy storage
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Energy Technologies Research Group, Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Interests: energy storage; electric vehicles
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Energy Technologies Research Group, Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Interests: electrochemical energy storage; aqueous electrolyte systems; flow batteries

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular with a market share of nearly 10%. In an effort to decarbonize transport, in the UK, the sale of new petrol and diesel cars will be banned by 2030, with a mandate that all new cars and vans are to have zero emissions across the UK and the European Union by 2035.

To maximize the decarbonising effect of the move toward EVs, the electricity used to charge them must be low on carbon. However, with an increased penetration of renewable generations technologies, such as solar or wind, subsequent installation of these technologies can come with challenges in terms of the maintenance of grid stability due to the variability in renewable generation and the difficulty of matching supply and demand.

Meeting these challenges for both EV and grid applications energy storage is essential. However, meeting the contradictory requirements of both high power density and high energy density, in addition to both short-term and long-term seasonal storage at an economic cost, remains a challenge for academia and industry.  

Hybrid energy storage systems take advantage of properties of different technologies to improve the performance, longevity, or cost of an energy storage project when compared to using a single storage technology. Such systems are often used in electric vehicles, with a bulk energy store with high specific energy, such as li-ion, combined with a high-power technology that reacts quickly, such as supercapacitors. This allows the vehicle to store energy, deliver and absorb power at a high rate during harsh acceleration and braking while also maintaining a reasonable range without having to oversize the battery. Additionally, increasingly, hybrid energy stores using both li-ion and lead-acid, for example, are being used to facilitate the installation of renewable energy generation.

In this regard, we invite you to submit research and review articles to this Special Issue on hybrid energy storage including electrical, electrochemical (batteries and fuel cells), mechanical (e.g., flywheels, compressed air or hydro), and thermal components covering fundamental physics or chemistry, modelling, system sizing optimisation, economics, energy management, dispatch optimisation, control, AI, power electronic interfaces, recycling, applications, engineering, practical field operational experience.

Prof. Dr. Suleiman Sharkh
Prof. Andrew Cruden
Prof. Richard Wills
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • energy storage
  • hybrid
  • power electronics
  • electrical machines
  • control
  • AI
  • economics
  • electrochemistry
  • optimisation
  • dispatch
  • energy management
  • recycling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

31 pages, 4193 KiB  
Article
Techno-Economic Planning of a Fully Renewable Energy-Based Autonomous Microgrid with Both Single and Hybrid Energy Storage Systems
by Mobin Naderi, Diane Palmer, Matthew J. Smith, Erica E. F. Ballantyne, David A. Stone, Martin P. Foster, Daniel T. Gladwin, Amirhossein Khazali, Yazan Al-Wreikat, Andrew Cruden and Ewan Fraser
Energies 2024, 17(4), 788; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17040788 - 6 Feb 2024
Viewed by 1261
Abstract
This paper presents both the techno-economic planning and a comprehensive sensitivity analysis of an off-grid fully renewable energy-based microgrid (MG) intended to be used as an electric vehicle (EV) charging station. Different possible plans are compared using technical, economic, and techno-economic characteristics for [...] Read more.
This paper presents both the techno-economic planning and a comprehensive sensitivity analysis of an off-grid fully renewable energy-based microgrid (MG) intended to be used as an electric vehicle (EV) charging station. Different possible plans are compared using technical, economic, and techno-economic characteristics for different numbers of wind turbines and solar panels, and both single and hybrid energy storage systems (ESSs) composed of new Li-ion, second-life Li-ion, and new lead–acid batteries. A modified cost of energy (MCOE) index including EVs’ unmet energy penalties and present values of ESSs is proposed, which can combine both important technical and economic criteria together to enable a techno-economic decision to be made. Bi-objective and multi-objective decision-making are provided using the MCOE, total met load, and total costs in which different plans are introduced as the best plans from different aspects. The number of wind turbines and solar panels required for the case study is obtained with respect to the ESS capacity using weather data and assuming EV demand according to the EV population data, which can be generalized to other case studies according to the presented modelling. Through studies on hybrid-ESS-supported MGs, the impact of two different global energy management systems (EMSs) on techno-economic characteristics is investigated, including a power-sharing-based and a priority-based EMS. Single Li-ion battery ESSs in both forms, new and second-life, show the best plans according to the MCOE and total met load; however, the second-life Li-ion shows lower total costs. The hybrid ESSs of both the new and second-life Li-ion battery ESSs show the advantages of both the new and second-life types, i.e., deeper depths of discharge and cheaper plans. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hybrid Battery Energy Storage System)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Hybrid energy storage: a review of the state of the art
Authors: Suleiman Sharkh; Andrew Cruden
Affiliation: Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton

Title: A techno-economic analysis of a hybrid energy storage system for EV off-grid charging
Authors: Suleiman Sharkh; Richard Wills
Affiliation: Energy Technologies Research Group, Mechanical Engineering, University of Southampton

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