Energy Technologies in Electronics and Electrical Engineering

A special issue of Electronics (ISSN 2079-9292). This special issue belongs to the section "Power Electronics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 16 December 2024 | Viewed by 2065

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Microelectronics, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 16, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Interests: modeling and simulation of analog and mixed A/D signal devices; modeling and simulation of electronic embedded systems; real-time systems; precision time machines (PRET); design of energy-efficient systems; power optimization in SoC; AI and commonsense reasoning modeling; applications of FPGA platforms
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Digital Systems, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 16, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Interests: programmable devices and systems; logic synthesis; technology mapping; optimization of digital circuits; low-power devices; binary decision diagram; high-level synthesis; finite state machines; programmable logic controller; microprocessor systems; embedded systems; music data mining; computer posturography in the postural control diagnostics and motor functions rehabilitation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The problems of energy production, the development of innovative renewable energy sources, and the optimization of energy utilization pose enormous challenges in the contemporary world. Hence, the importance of research carried out in this area.

These concerns implicate only the generation and development of renewable energy sources, but the entire sector of the efficient design of energy-saving devices, their intelligent control and use. Such problems not only affect rapidly developing electronics and electrical engineering, but also touch many aspects and fields of the modern world, such as:

  • Computer systems and their uninterruptible power supply;
  • Medicine;
  • Biomedical engineering;
  • Automotive;
  • Transport;
  • Industry;
  • Others, in which the achievements of today's electrical engineering and electronics can be applied.

In terms of the opportunity to improve the efficiency of devices, systems, control and execution systems, it is crucial that the process of reducing power losses is implemented at all possible stages, i.e. as an improvement of efficiency (reduction in energy consumption–minimization of power consumption) in low-level aspects (uP, FPGA, PLC), electronic systems (inverters, converters, power conversion systems) and renewable energy sources, describing solutions to improve the efficiency of energy conversion and acquisition.

To meet these challenges, we are publishing this Special Issue of our journal, providing a platform for researchers working in this area of science to utilize for the exchange of ideas. This will enable us to share the latest developments in the field of energy efficiency in electrical and electronic engineering.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Advances of energy efficiency in electrical engineering;
  • Advances of energy efficiency in electronics;
  • Modern control systems of power conversion systems;
  • High-efficiency power conversion system topologies;
  • Modeling and simulation of electrical engineering and electronics solutions;
  • Renewable energy systems;
  • Thermal management in terms of improving efficiency in electrical engineering and electronics solutions;
  • Minimizing power consumption;
  • Microgrids, smart grids, and distributed generation systems;
  • Energy-efficient control systems;
  • Converters for uninterruptible power supplies and motor drives.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Prof. Dr. Andrzej Pułka
Prof. Dr. Dariusz Kania
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Electronics is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • energy efficiency
  • power consumption
  • power converters
  • energy conversion and transmission
  • control systems
  • renewable energy
  • simulation and modeling
  • numerical analysis
  • electronic systems

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

20 pages, 1557 KiB  
Article
A Hardware Implementation of the PID Algorithm Using Floating-Point Arithmetic
by Józef Kulisz and Filip Jokiel
Electronics 2024, 13(8), 1598; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics13081598 - 22 Apr 2024
Viewed by 673
Abstract
The purpose of the paper is to propose a new implementation of the PID (proportional–integral–derivative) algorithm in digital hardware. The proposed structure is optimized for cost. It follows a serialized, rather than parallel, scheme. It uses only one arithmetic block, performing the multiply-and-add [...] Read more.
The purpose of the paper is to propose a new implementation of the PID (proportional–integral–derivative) algorithm in digital hardware. The proposed structure is optimized for cost. It follows a serialized, rather than parallel, scheme. It uses only one arithmetic block, performing the multiply-and-add operation. The calculations are carried out in a sequentially cyclic manner. The proposed circuit operates on standard single-precision (32-bit) floating-point numbers. It implements an extended PID formula, containing a non-ideal derivative component, and weighting coefficients, which enable reducing the influence of setpoint changes in the proportional and derivative components. The circuit was implemented in a Cyclone V FPGA (Field-Programmable Gate Array) device from Intel, Santa Clara, CA, USA. The proper operation of the circuit was verified in a simulation. For the specific implementation, which is reported in the paper, the sampling period of 516 ns was obtained, which means that the proposed solution is comparable in terms of speed with other hardware implementations of the PID algorithm operating on single-precision floating-point numbers. However, the presented solution is much more efficient in terms of cost. It uses 1173 LUT (Look-up Table) blocks, 1026 registers, and 1 DSP (Digital Signal Processing) block, i.e., about 30% of logic resources required by comparable solutions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Technologies in Electronics and Electrical Engineering)
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20 pages, 7770 KiB  
Article
Power Consumption Prediction in Real-Time Multitasking Systems
by Ernest Antolak and Andrzej Pułka
Electronics 2024, 13(7), 1347; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics13071347 - 3 Apr 2024
Viewed by 462
Abstract
The paper presents a practical methodology for the prediction of power consumption of a multitask real-time system. The authors briefly recall the structure of the original multitasking time-predictable system. The system has a regular and scalable architecture. It consists of many cores based [...] Read more.
The paper presents a practical methodology for the prediction of power consumption of a multitask real-time system. The authors briefly recall the structure of the original multitasking time-predictable system. The system has a regular and scalable architecture. It consists of many cores based on pipeline processing with threads’ interleaving mechanism. In previous works, the authors have presented a number of issues related to the methodology of designing a time-predictable system and the scheduling of hardware threads with different design goals and constraints. The current article presents an accurate method for measuring the dynamic power dissipated in a system for various scenarios and the system configuration. The proposed approach is based on continuous monitoring of the power consumed by the FPGA, transmitting the measurements to the computer from the measuring device, and online analysis of the obtained results. The authors based their power estimation method on the original task frequency factor (TF). A theoretical analysis was made, and a series of practical experiments were carried out. The results obtained enable accurate estimation of the power requirements for the tasks performed in the real-time system. The presented technique can be useful during the design stage of multitasking real-time systems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Technologies in Electronics and Electrical Engineering)
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18 pages, 4774 KiB  
Article
Simulation in the GPenSIM Environment of the Movement of Vehicles in the City Based on Their License Plate Numbers
by Tomasz Kossowski, Sławomir Samolej and Reggie Davidrajuh
Electronics 2024, 13(4), 683; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics13040683 - 7 Feb 2024
Viewed by 507
Abstract
This paper uses colored Petri nets (PN) to develop a model of vehicle movement in a city. The modeler defines the number and location of crossroads, the connections between them, and how many vehicles are at the given points of the network. The [...] Read more.
This paper uses colored Petri nets (PN) to develop a model of vehicle movement in a city. The modeler defines the number and location of crossroads, the connections between them, and how many vehicles are at the given points of the network. The vehicles are recognized by their license plate numbers, and it is possible to determine where they start their journey and where they are going. The algorithm proposed in this paper suggests the shortest vehicle route based on Dijkstra’s algorithm. This study focuses on improving route planning by considering road usage, which is determined by the starting and ending locations of vehicles (as if traffic cameras were identifying license plates). This approach will lead to optimal control of traffic lights (or vehicle navigation) to minimize traffic jams and make good use of all roads. Additionally, this paper shares the results of preliminary simulations using both colored and uncolored Petri nets in the GPenSIM environment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Technologies in Electronics and Electrical Engineering)
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