Special Issue "Waves and Wave Climate Analysis and Modeling"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Climatology and Meteorology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Takvor Soukissian
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Anavyssos 19013, Greece
Interests: ocean energy; sea waves; stochastic modeling; ocean monitoring
Dr. Joanna Staneva
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz Centre Geesthacht, Max-Planck-Str. 1, Geesthacht 21502, Germany
Interests: circulation and wave modeling; coastal ocean predictions; coupled model systems; modeling of marine environment; wave dynamics; coastal and regional oceanography

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The aim of this Special Issue is to provide recent advances in the field of wind waves modeling and wave climate. Wave climate analysis and modeling play an important role in several applications such as coastal and metocean studies, design of wave energy harvesters, optimal ship routing, climate change issues, etc. This topic encompasses various probabilistic and statistical aspects and multivariate methods, including extreme value analysis methods and models, directional wave statistics, multivariate probability distributions, etc. Wave models are used for operational forecasting purposes, wave climate synthesis and analysis, wave climate change studies, coastal impact assessments, etc. The topic is also highly relevant to different engineering applications, such as wave interaction with coastal and offshore structures and design of coastal works.

Topics of interest for the Special Issue include but are not limited to:

  • Probabilistic methods for wave climate analysis
  • Wind-wave modeling
  • Directional wave climate analysis
  • Synergy of wind wave model with satellite and in situ observations
  • Extreme waves
  • Applications

Dr. Takvor Soukissian
Dr. Joanna Staneva
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Wave climate
  • Numerical wave modeling
  • Forecasting
  • Extreme waves
  • Directional statistics

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
North Sea Wave Database (NSWD) and the Need for Reliable Resource Data: A 38 Year Database for Metocean and Wave Energy Assessments
Atmosphere 2019, 10(9), 551; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10090551 - 16 Sep 2019
The study presents a newly generated hindcast database of metocean conditions for the region of the North Sea by parametrising the newly introduced ST6 physics in a nearshore wave model. Exploring and assessing the intricacies in wave generation are vital to produce a [...] Read more.
The study presents a newly generated hindcast database of metocean conditions for the region of the North Sea by parametrising the newly introduced ST6 physics in a nearshore wave model. Exploring and assessing the intricacies in wave generation are vital to produce a reliable hindcast. The new parametrisations perform better, though they have a higher number of tuneable options. Parametrisation of the white capping coefficient within the ST6 package improved performance with significant differences ≈±20–30 cm. The configuration which was selected to build the database shows a good correlation ≈95 % for H m 0, has an overall minimal bias with the majority of locations being slightly over-estimated ±0.5–1 cm. The calibrated model was subsequently used to produce a database for 38 years, analysing and discussing the metocean condition. In terms of wave energy resource, the North Sea has not received attention due to its perceived “lower” resource. However, from analysing the long-term climatic data, it is evident that the level of metocean conditions, and subsequently wave power, can prove beneficial for development. The 95th percentile indicates that the majority of the time H m 0 should be expected at 3.4–5 m, and the wave energy period T e at 5–7 s. Wave power resource exceeds 15 kW/m at locations very close to the coast, and it is uniformly reduced as we move to the Southern parts, near the English Channel, with values there being ≈5 kW/m, with most energetic seas originating from the North East. Results by the analysis show that in the North Sea, conditions are moderate to high, and the wave energy resource, which has been previously overlooked, is high and easily accessible due to the low distance from coasts. The study developed a regional high-fidelity model, analysed metocean parameters and properly assessed the energy content. Although, the database and its results can have multiple usages and benefit other sectors that want to operate in the harsh waters of the North Sea. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Waves and Wave Climate Analysis and Modeling)
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