Special Issue "Climates of the Himalayas: Present, Past and Future"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Climatology and Meteorology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Jürgen Böhner
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Chair of Physical Geography, Institute of Geography, Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), Universität Hamburg, Germany
Interests: Regional climate and environmental modelling; Climate impact research; Geoinformatics and remote sensing; SAGA-GIS development
Dr. Shabeh ul Hasson
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Section Physical Geography, Institute of Geography, Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), Universität Hamburg, Germany
Interests: GIS & Remote Sensing; Regional Climate Modeling (WRF); Tibet and the Himalya

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Extending from the eastern Tibetan Himalaya to the Hindukush and Karakoram ranges in the northwest, the 2400-kilometer long Himalayan arc ensures the food-water-energy security, sustainable development and socio-economic wellbeing of billions of downstream inhabitants. Earth’s highest mountain range modulates distinct largescale atmospheric modes, affects all scopes of boundary layer dynamics and subsequently features an enormous topoclimatic heterogeneity, rarely covered by sparse observational record. Despite recent extensions in the observational networks, increased availability of remotely sensed datasets, swelling paleoclimatic reconstructions, and advances in convection-permitting climate modelling, detailed understanding of physical topoclimatic processes and their feedbacks, shifts in the prevailing precipitation regimes and their controls, and subsequent impacts on mountainous ecosystems remains elusive across times and scales. This pose a wide range of scientific challenges in understanding the Himalayan climate system of the past, present and future, their shifts and their severe impacts on all dependent sectors of life.

Against this background, this special issue invites observation, proxy reconstruction, and projections based analytical and modelling studies and their reviews that advance our knowledge about the past, present and future of the Himalayan climates, their shifts, and their subsequent impacts on all dimensions of life at local and regional scales. To broaden the regional focus and to enable comparative studies, articles on the Himalayas and its bordering high mountain ranges including the Karakoram, Hindu Kush and the Tibetan Plateau are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Jürgen Böhner
Dr. Shabeh ul Hasson
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Appropriateness of Potential Evapotranspiration Models for Climate Change Impact Analysis in Yarlung Zangbo River Basin, China
Atmosphere 2019, 10(8), 453; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10080453 - 08 Aug 2019
Abstract
Evapotranspiration (ET) is an important element in the water and energy cycle. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is an important measurement of ET. Its accuracy has significant influence on agricultural water management, irrigation planning, and hydrological modelling. However, whether current PET models are applicable under [...] Read more.
Evapotranspiration (ET) is an important element in the water and energy cycle. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is an important measurement of ET. Its accuracy has significant influence on agricultural water management, irrigation planning, and hydrological modelling. However, whether current PET models are applicable under climate change or not, is still a question. In this study, five frequently used PET models were chosen, including one combination model (the FAO Penman-Monteith model, FAO-PM), two temperature-based models (the Blaney-Criddle and the Hargreaves models) and two radiation-based models (the Makkink and the Priestley-Taylor models), to estimate their appropriateness in the historical and future periods under climate change impact on the Yarlung Zangbo river basin, China. Bias correction methods were not only applied to the temperature output of Global Climate Models (GCMs), but also for radiation, humidity, and wind speed. It was demonstrated that the results from the Blaney-Criddle and Makkink models provided better agreement with the PET obtained by the FAO-PM model in the historical period. In the future period, monthly PET estimated by all five models show positive trends. The changes of PET under RCP8.5 are much higher than under RCP2.6. The radiation-based models show better appropriateness than the temperature-based models in the future, as the root mean square error (RMSE) value of the former models is almost half of the latter models. The radiation-based models are recommended for use to estimate PET under climate change in the Yarlung Zangbo river basin. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climates of the Himalayas: Present, Past and Future)
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