Novel and Innovative Systems for the Factories of the Future

A special issue of Applied System Innovation (ISSN 2571-5577).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2022) | Viewed by 10448

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6200-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Interests: industrial engineering and management; ergonomics; operations management; occupational health and safety
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
C-MAST-Center for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technologies, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Interests: energy efficiency; thermal performance; environmental sustainability; circular economy; process optimization; industrial engineering and management; decision support systems; artificial intelligence; robotics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The work environments in the factories of the future will imply new approaches to existing work systems. The introduction of new technologies on the shop floor and in management will result in new ways of managing production systems and human resources. The Industry 5.0 approach has refocused the human being at the centre of production systems. However, this approach brings new challenges, namely, the management of very complex work environments with an ageing workforce that is not used to new technologies, nor comfortable with human-technology interaction. Allied to all these changes in the world of work, sustainability will also be a challenge for organizations, governments, and stakeholders.

In particular, the topics of interest of this Special Issue include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Occupational Safety and Health monitoring systems;
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics challenges and opportunities;
  • Decision support systems to assist in the transition to the industry 5.0 work environment;
  • Human-Technology-Organization interaction
  • New production management systems;
  • Facilitating strategies to collaborative work;
  • Sustainability of the factories of the future;
  • Novel and emerging technologies to promote OSH.

Dr. Tânia M. Lima
Dr. Pedro Dinis Gaspar
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied System Innovation is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • ageing workforce
  • artificial intelligence
  • augmented and virtual reality
  • collaborative work environment
  • computational vision
  • decision support systems
  • digital twins
  • ergonomics
  • human factors
  • information and communication technologies (ICT)
  • occupational safety and health
  • policies
  • robotics
  • smart factories
  • sustainability

Published Papers (4 papers)

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12 pages, 816 KiB  
Article
The Contribution of the User Experiences Goals for Designing Better Cobots: A Systematic Literature Review
by Inês Margarida Duarte, Ana Pinto, Carla Carvalho, Ana Zornoza and Joana Santos
Appl. Syst. Innov. 2022, 5(6), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/asi5060119 - 24 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2406
Abstract
Collaborative robots are an indispensable element of both industry 4.0 and industry 5.0, the latter of which gives special emphasis to the human facet of the human-robot collaboration. To facilitate such an interaction, attention should be given to the design of the cobot, [...] Read more.
Collaborative robots are an indispensable element of both industry 4.0 and industry 5.0, the latter of which gives special emphasis to the human facet of the human-robot collaboration. To facilitate such an interaction, attention should be given to the design of the cobot, including its interface, which enables communication with the user. Programming through the interface and performing a task with the robotic device are responsible for the user experience (UX), which comprises both pragmatic and hedonic aspects. In order to design the most positive experience for users, their perspectives must be considered, which is achieved through the identification of UX goals. In this respect, a systematic review was conducted to revise the UX goals present in the literature. The following seven UX goals were identified: safety, relationship, usability, inspiration, flexibility, efficiency, and accomplishment. These findings represent the first systematic categorization of UX goals for the specific design of cobots, that should empirically be tested. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel and Innovative Systems for the Factories of the Future)
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12 pages, 1634 KiB  
Article
Quality 4.0 and Cognitive Engineering Applied to Quality Management Systems: A Framework
by Adriana Ventura Carvalho and Tânia Miranda Lima
Appl. Syst. Innov. 2022, 5(6), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/asi5060115 - 18 Nov 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2912
Abstract
In order to create high-quality products, quality engineering must be integrated across the entire product development process. To accomplish the ultimate goal, innovative approaches are required, and a Quality Management System-QMS is imperative to standardize all processes. All business areas depend on people [...] Read more.
In order to create high-quality products, quality engineering must be integrated across the entire product development process. To accomplish the ultimate goal, innovative approaches are required, and a Quality Management System-QMS is imperative to standardize all processes. All business areas depend on people and processes, but quality is especially dependent on them. A QMS can benefit from the application of Quality 4.0—Q4.0 and Cognitive Engineering—CE aspects to reduce the workload and cognitive capacity required from QMS specialists, using these technologies to tackle long-standing quality concerns and to re-optimize to deliver creative solutions. The decision to implement a QMS based on Q4.0 technologies is difficult to take due to the challenge that is to automatize dispersed activities. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework that aids in the application of a Q4.0 QMS. The relationship between quality management practices and Industry 4.0 technologies that improve quality are deeply studied and connected with CE practices to develop an advanced framework, that makes it easier to overview all the dispersed activities within the manufacturing environment gathered as one, and simplify the application of new technologies to the QMS activities. The proposed framework was developed as result of this study. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel and Innovative Systems for the Factories of the Future)
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13 pages, 321 KiB  
Article
Variation on Work Demands and Sleep Disturbances Concerning Fixed and Rotating Shifts in the Water, Sanitation, and Waste Sector
by Ana Dionísio, Teresa P. Cotrim, Júlia Teles and José Carvalhais
Appl. Syst. Innov. 2022, 5(6), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/asi5060108 - 28 Oct 2022
Viewed by 1669
Abstract
The growing production of waste and increased use of water and sanitation systems worldwide have been pressuring the water, sanitation, and waste sectors. This study analyzed the perception of the determinants of work activity among workers from the water, sanitation, and waste sector [...] Read more.
The growing production of waste and increased use of water and sanitation systems worldwide have been pressuring the water, sanitation, and waste sectors. This study analyzed the perception of the determinants of work activity among workers from the water, sanitation, and waste sector in Portugal, the variation in the work demands among different shift types, and the main predictors of sleep disturbances. Data collection was performed through a questionnaire administered to 300 workers in 2017 and 2019. An ageing population was identified in all shift types. Possible occupational trajectories with changes from the fixed night and early morning shifts to daytime and fast rotating shifts may be linked to health conditions. Workers in fixed night and early morning shifts perceived higher physical demands and environmental discomfort, lower social support, and job dissatisfaction. Workers in daytime or fast rotating shifts perceived higher cognitive demands. Sleep disturbances were perceived more negatively among those working permanently on night and early morning shifts. The main predictors of sleep disturbance in both years were the type of shift, and high physical demands. The study highlights the relevance of characterizing the work demands to establish future strategies to improve the health and well-being of shift workers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel and Innovative Systems for the Factories of the Future)

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13 pages, 1535 KiB  
Concept Paper
Sustainable Design and Management of Industrial Systems—A Human Factors Perspective
by Denis Alves Coelho
Appl. Syst. Innov. 2022, 5(5), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/asi5050095 - 28 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2301
Abstract
The aim of this concept article is to articulate multiple contributions from socio-technical fields into an approach for sustaining human-centred lifecycle management of industrial systems. Widespread digitalization and advanced robotics have fostered interest on innovative human-machine integration and sophisticated organizational transformation that is [...] Read more.
The aim of this concept article is to articulate multiple contributions from socio-technical fields into an approach for sustaining human-centred lifecycle management of industrial systems. Widespread digitalization and advanced robotics have fostered interest on innovative human-machine integration and sophisticated organizational transformation that is conducive to meeting the challenges of sustainability. Complementing technology-driven and data-driven approaches to industrial systems development, the human factors approach offers a systems perspective that is at once human-centred while striving for overall system performance, by considering technological and organizational perspectives alike. The paper presents a set of recent human factors developments, selected based on their potential to advance sustainability in industrial systems, including an activity-centred design perspective of industrial systems, and a unified and entangled view on organizational goals yielding a dynamic change approach to socio-technical systems management. Moreover, developments in organizational resilience are coupled with recent breakthrough empirical understanding of conditions conducive to attaining resilience in operations. The cross-pollination of the human factors developments is further pursued, resulting in a proposal of combined key organizational vectors that can mutually leverage and sustain human-centred design and management of industrial systems (production and logistics systems alike) for resilience. Systems thinking encompassing human, organizational and technological perspectives supports integration of insights across entangled domains; this can leverage both system enhancements that promote the satisfaction of dynamic situation-dependent goals, as well as the fulfilment of objectives derived from long-term values of an organization. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel and Innovative Systems for the Factories of the Future)
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