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Cyanobacteria and Their Toxins in the Environment

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2021) | Viewed by 2995

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Matosinhos, Portugal
Interests: cyanobacteria; cyanotoxins; environment; toxicology; natural products
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
2. CIIMAR, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research of the University of Porto, 4450-208 Porto, Portugal
Interests: cyanobacteria; toxins; cyanotoxins; marine biotechnology; secondary metabolites; cyanobacterial blooms; ecotoxicology; environmental contamination
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Cyanobacteria inhabit several types of environments, including those used for water provision and bathing. The production and release of harmful metabolites known as cyanotoxins is one of the most damaging characteristics of cyanobacteria, with well documented episodes of human and animal poisoning attributed worldwide. Bloom occurrence due to elevated anthropogenic pressure and climate change foster the surveillance of cyanobacteria and of their related cyanotoxins in the several environments they inhabit. Therefore, toxic cyanobacteria isolation, cyanotoxins quantification, bioaccumulation, biodegradation, and the persistence of toxic compounds are topics that require continuous studies in order to improve water quality and public health globally. In this Special Issue, the main aim is to understand the impact of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in the many environments they inhabit on human demands and activities.

Dr. Cristiana Moreira
Prof. Dr. Vitor Vasconcelos
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cyanobacteria
  • cyanotoxins
  • eutrophication
  • climate change
  • water quality
  • public health
  • bioaccumulation
  • biodegradation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

14 pages, 1015 KiB  
Review
Review on Cyanobacterial Studies in Portugal: Current Impacts and Research Needs
by Cristiana Moreira, Alexandre Campos, José Carlos Martins, Vitor Vasconcelos and Agostinho Antunes
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(10), 4355; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104355 - 11 May 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2077
Abstract
Cyanobacteria have long been associated with harmful effects on humans, animals and aquatic biota. Cyanotoxins are their most toxic metabolite. This review summarizes the current research, impacts and future needs in cyanobacterial studies undertaken in Portugal, the southernmost country of Europe, and with [...] Read more.
Cyanobacteria have long been associated with harmful effects on humans, animals and aquatic biota. Cyanotoxins are their most toxic metabolite. This review summarizes the current research, impacts and future needs in cyanobacterial studies undertaken in Portugal, the southernmost country of Europe, and with a recent multiplication of cyanotoxicity due to climate change events. Microcystins are still the most prevalent, studied and the only regulated cyanotoxins in Portuguese freshwater systems much like most European countries. With the development of some tools, particularly in molecular studies, the recent discovery of cylindrospermopsins, anatoxins and saxitoxins, both genes and toxins, in North and Center ecosystems of our country highlight current impacts that overall communities are facing with increased risks of exposure and uptake to cyanotoxins. Research needs encompass the expansion of studies at all aspects due to the uprising of these cyanotoxins and reinforces the urgent need of increasing the frequency of surveillance to achieve tangible effects of cyanotoxins in Portugal to ultimately implement regulations on cylindrospermopsins, anatoxins and saxitoxins worldwide. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyanobacteria and Their Toxins in the Environment)
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