Special Issue "Electromagnetic Radiation in Biology and Health"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 March 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Irena Cosic
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Science Engineering and Technology, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia
2. AMALNA Consulting, Melbourne, VIC 3193, Australia
Interests: bioelectromagnetism, molecular modeling, signal processing, resonances, electromagnetic radiation
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. med. Alberto Foletti
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Clinical Biophysics International Research Group, Lugano, Switzerland.
2. Institute of Translational Pharmacology, National Research Council-C.N.R., Rome, Italy.
Interests: bioelectromagnetic medicine, biophysical therapies, biophysical pathways, biophysical aspects of complexity in health and disease, electromagnetic information transfer through aqueous system

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is well known that number of biological processes within cells, tissues, whole organism are either driven or are producing electrical or electromagnetic signals. For example, brain activity is characterised by EEG signal, while heart and other muscles are also producing electrical and electromagnetic signals. On the cellular level cells are activated by the change of electrical potential across cell membrane, which is particularly investigated in nerve activation or transduction. These and many other processes at the cellular level are driven by activation of number of protein and DNA, (i.e. membrane ion channels, protein receptors, etc), which are also driven by selective electromagnetic interactions in several frequency windows. As all these biological processes are performed in water environment; water also plays the critical role in relevant electromagnetic interaction and propagation. There is large body of research in the area of biological electromagnetism, particularly on how to provide benefits for healthcare through innovative medical applications in therapy and prevention. Although it is new area of research, there is large number of publications but scattered across many different areas and journals. This special issue has the aim to provide focus view into novel and innovative research area of Electromagnetic Radiation in Biology and Health.

Prof. Dr. Irena Cosic
Dr. med. Alberto Foletti
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Bioelectromagnetism
  • Molecular Resonances
  • Cell Membrane Potential
  • Tissue Electromagnetism
  • Biophysical Patterns of Health and disease
  • Electromagnetic Treatments in Medicine
  • Water Role in Bioelectromagnetism
  • Electromagnetic Signaling Pathways of the Cell
  • Electroconductive Properties of Microtubule
  • Electromagnetic Cell Communication
  • Interaction of Electromagnetic Fields with Biological Systems 
  • Electromagnetic Homeostasis 
  • Electrodynamic Interactions among Biomolecules 
  • Biophysical Basis of Medical Applications 
  • Biophysical therapies
  • Resonant Waves and Microbes
  • Biophotonics 
  • Aquaphotomics
  • Cellular electrome 
  • Electromagnetic information transfer through aqueous system 
  • Biophysical pathways 
  • Solitons in biology and medicine
  • Nonlinearity, Coherence, and Complexity

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Magnetic Fields Trump Oxygen in Controlling the Death of Erythro-Leukemia Cells
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5318; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245318 - 06 Dec 2019
Abstract
Expansions in power and telecommunications systems have created a new electromagnetic environment. Here, we compare the death rate of human cancer cells in vitro in the pre-industrial electromagnetic environment of the past (“Zero Field”) with that of an electromagnetic environment typical of contemporary [...] Read more.
Expansions in power and telecommunications systems have created a new electromagnetic environment. Here, we compare the death rate of human cancer cells in vitro in the pre-industrial electromagnetic environment of the past (“Zero Field”) with that of an electromagnetic environment typical of contemporary human exposures (“Incubator Field”). A cell incubator provides magnetic fields comparable to those in the current human environment. Steel shields divert those same fields away from cell preparations in the “pre-industrial” assays. Large changes in oxygen levels are provided by nitrogen or atmospheric gas over the cell cultures. Human cancer cells are then separated according to three categories: necrotic, early apoptotic, or late apoptotic. The results are compiled for two variables, magnetic field and oxygen, in 16 different situations (“Transitions”) likely to occur in the human body under present living conditions. We find that magnetic fields are a more powerful determinant of cell death than oxygen, and induce death by different mechanisms. This has important implications for the reproducibility of in vitro biological experiments focusing on cell survival or metabolism, and for public health. The rate and mechanisms of cell death are critical to many chronic human ailments such as cancer, neurological diseases, and diabetes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Radiation in Biology and Health)
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Open AccessArticle
Analysis of Protein–Receptor Interactions on an Example of Leptin–Leptin Receptor Interaction Using the Resonant Recognition Model
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5169; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235169 - 28 Nov 2019
Abstract
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat may have a negative effect on health and lifestyle, and it is becoming an increasing problem within modern society. Leptin is the key protein that regulates body energy balance by inhibiting hunger, and [...] Read more.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat may have a negative effect on health and lifestyle, and it is becoming an increasing problem within modern society. Leptin is the key protein that regulates body energy balance by inhibiting hunger, and it could potentially be used in treatment of obesity and overweight. Here, we applied our own Resonant Recognition Model, which is capable of analyzing the selectivity of any protein–receptor interaction on an example of leptin–leptin receptor. We have identified a specific characteristic parameter for leptin activity through the leptin receptor, and this parameter could be used in development of new treatments for obesity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Radiation in Biology and Health)
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Open AccessArticle
Biological Effects of High-Voltage Electric Field Treatment of Naked Oat Seeds
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(18), 3829; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9183829 - 12 Sep 2019
Abstract
In order to study the mechanism of high-voltage electric field (HVEF) biotechnology, corona discharge produced by a multi-needle-plate HVEF was used to treat naked oat seeds, each treatment dose was divided into two groups, one group was covered with a petri dish cover, [...] Read more.
In order to study the mechanism of high-voltage electric field (HVEF) biotechnology, corona discharge produced by a multi-needle-plate HVEF was used to treat naked oat seeds, each treatment dose was divided into two groups, one group was covered with a petri dish cover, the other group was directly exposed to HVEF without a petri dish cover. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) results show that the etching degree of the uncovered group was more serious than that of the covered group, it indicates that ion wind etching has a greater impact on the micro-morphology of seed coat, being covered can effectively reduce the etching degree of discharge plasma on seed. Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) of the seed coat shows most of the HVEF treatment group can form a new absorption peak at 1740 cm−1, which is closely related to the hydrophilicity of the seed. Comprehensive analysis shows that HVEF treatment can improve the hydrophilicity of seeds, whether they are covered or not. Being covered can reduce the degree of etching of the seed coat, but increase the hydrophilicity of the seed, indicating that the non-uniform electric field has a greater impact on the hydrophilicity of the seed. Our study showed that ion wind had an effect on the micro-morphology of seeds, but this effect didn’t translate into a macroscopic effect. This study provides ideas and experimental data support for the study of the biotechnological mechanism of HVEF. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Radiation in Biology and Health)
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