Next Article in Journal
Anomaly Detection in IoT Communication Network Based on Spectral Analysis and Hurst Exponent
Previous Article in Journal
Development of Detection System with Low Predictive Errors for Determining Vitamin C Content of Indian Jujube
Previous Article in Special Issue
Analysis of Protein–Receptor Interactions on an Example of Leptin–Leptin Receptor Interaction Using the Resonant Recognition Model
Open AccessArticle

Magnetic Fields Trump Oxygen in Controlling the Death of Erythro-Leukemia Cells

by Ying Li 1 and Paul Héroux 2,*
1
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC H4A 3J1, Canada
2
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 1A2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5318; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245318
Received: 6 October 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 6 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Radiation in Biology and Health)
Expansions in power and telecommunications systems have created a new electromagnetic environment. Here, we compare the death rate of human cancer cells in vitro in the pre-industrial electromagnetic environment of the past (“Zero Field”) with that of an electromagnetic environment typical of contemporary human exposures (“Incubator Field”). A cell incubator provides magnetic fields comparable to those in the current human environment. Steel shields divert those same fields away from cell preparations in the “pre-industrial” assays. Large changes in oxygen levels are provided by nitrogen or atmospheric gas over the cell cultures. Human cancer cells are then separated according to three categories: necrotic, early apoptotic, or late apoptotic. The results are compiled for two variables, magnetic field and oxygen, in 16 different situations (“Transitions”) likely to occur in the human body under present living conditions. We find that magnetic fields are a more powerful determinant of cell death than oxygen, and induce death by different mechanisms. This has important implications for the reproducibility of in vitro biological experiments focusing on cell survival or metabolism, and for public health. The rate and mechanisms of cell death are critical to many chronic human ailments such as cancer, neurological diseases, and diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromagnetic field; ELF; cellular phone; necrosis; apoptosis; K562 electromagnetic field; ELF; cellular phone; necrosis; apoptosis; K562
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Héroux, P. Magnetic Fields Trump Oxygen in Controlling the Death of Erythro-Leukemia Cells. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5318.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop