Motor Control and Movement Biomechanics

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 October 2024 | Viewed by 536

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expresion, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Extremadura, Avda. de Elvas, s/n, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
Interests: motor control and learning; motor variability; visual behavior in sports

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Motor control, motor learning and the biomechanics of human movement are three interrelated scientific disciplines, which play a crucial role in the execution of motor and sports skills. Motor control refers to the ability of the neuromuscular system to coordinate the participation of muscles and joints during movement and is based on the continuous interactions produced between the individual, the task and the environment. To contribute to optimal motor control, motor learning explains the processes of acquiring and improving motor skills through practice and experience. This practice cannot be understood without the fundamental contribution of biomechanics, which studies the forces that act on the body and the effects they produce, helping to optimize movement technique and avoid injuries. This Special Issue is dedicated to highlighting current research that contributes new developments to the understanding of motor control, learning and the biomechanics of human movement in the field of motor and sports skills. We welcome all types of research in these areas, prioritizing original research articles related to the analysis of human motor skills. We invite researchers and experts to contribute their methods and findings to generate solid knowledge that advances the understanding of human movement in these areas.

Prof. Dr. Ruperto Menayo Antúnez
Prof. Dr. Juan Pedro Fuentes García
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • motor control
  • motor learning
  • human posture
  • induced variability
  • sport biomechanics
  • sport techniques
  • forces
  • time series analysis
  • nonlinear tools
  • visual behavior in sports
  • massed and distributed practice
  • accuracy and speed trade-off
  • motor competence
  • motor coordination

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

10 pages, 628 KiB  
Article
Erythrocyte Phospholipid Fatty Acid Profile in High-Level Endurance Runners
by Francisco Javier Alves-Vas, Víctor Toro-Román, Ignacio Bartolomé Sánchez, Francisco Javier Grijota Pérez, Marcos Maynar-Mariño and Gema Barrientos Vicho
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(10), 3965; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14103965 - 7 May 2024
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Abstract
Fatty acids (FAs) are the major structural component of erythrocyte membranes. Diet and physical exercise directly influence their incorporation and function. Endurance runners engage in high volumes of weekly aerobic training, alternating between low-intensity and high-intensity sessions. The aim of the study was [...] Read more.
Fatty acids (FAs) are the major structural component of erythrocyte membranes. Diet and physical exercise directly influence their incorporation and function. Endurance runners engage in high volumes of weekly aerobic training, alternating between low-intensity and high-intensity sessions. The aim of the study was to assess and compare the erythrocyte FA profile in a group of high-level male endurance runners (EG) with a control group of non-athlete subjects (CG). This observational study was conducted on 85 subjects, 63 high-level male endurance runners (23 ± 3 years; height: 1.76 ± 0.05) and 22 subjects who did not engage in regular physical exercise (21 ± 0.5 years; height: 1.68 ± 0.39). Runners had at least five years of training experience, and all of them were participants in national and international tournaments. FAs determination was performed using gas chromatography. Higher percentages of Palmitic Acid (PA), Stearic Acid (SA), Oleic Acid (OA), Calendic Acid (CA), Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosapentaenoic Acid (DPA), and lower percentages of Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) were found in the EG compared to the CG. High-level endurance runners exhibit altered erythrocyte FA profiles with low percentages of omega-3 index (ω-3 index) and DHA, which may affect erythrocyte membrane function as well as their performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Motor Control and Movement Biomechanics)
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