Special Issue "Agricultural Diversification"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Systems and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 June 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Claudia Di Bene
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment (CREA-AA), 00184 Rome, Italy
Interests: carbon sink in agricultural soils; cropping systems diversification and simulation models; GHG emissions from agricultural soils; climate change adaptation and mitigation in agriculture
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Rosa Francaviglia
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA), Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment - Via della Navicella, 2-4, 00184 Rome, Italy
Interests: carbon sink in agricultural soils; cropping systems diversification and simulation models; climate change adaptation and mitigation in agriculture
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Roberta Farina
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment (CREA-AA), 00184 Rome, Italy
Interests: ecosystem models (RothC and EPIC); soil–crop management and climate change; soil C dynamics in Mediterranean semiarid areas
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Dr. Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes
E-Mail
Guest Editor
Soil and Water Department, Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), 1005 Montañana Ave., 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
Interests: greenhouse gas mitigation; soil organic matter; ecological modeling; agricultural management
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Dr. Raúl Zornoza
E-Mail
Guest Editor
Sustainable Use, Management, and Reclamation of Soil and Water Research Group, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Paseo Alfonso XIII 48, 30203, Cartagena, Spain
Interests: soil quality; soil recovery; soil reclamation; organic matter characterization and dynamics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Agricultural diversification can occur in many forms (e.g., genetic variety, species, structural) and can be created temporally and over different spatially scales (e.g., within crop, within field, and landscape level). Crop diversification is the practice of growing more than one crop species within a farming area in the form of rotations (two or more crops on the same field in different years), multiple crops (more than one crop in the same season on the same field) or intercropping (at least two crops simultaneously on the same field).
Various cropping strategies and management practices, such as diversification of cropping systems by crop rotation, conservation tillage, and the use of cover crops, have been promoted to enhance crop productivity and ecosystem services. However, the opportunities and means differ among regions and the actual effects of diversification on cropping system sustainability still need more investigation.
This Special Issue intends to cover the state-of-the-art and recent progress in different aspects related to agricultural diversification to increase the sustainability and resilience of a wide range of cropping systems (grassland, horticultural crops, fruit trees) and in a scenario of environmental challenges due to climate change. All types of contributions (original research, reviews, and meta-analysis) providing new insights into the best options to improve cropping system management while limiting the environmental issues caused by agricultural activity and maintaining ecosystem services are welcome. The Editors encourage submissions with applications of innovative and/or novel methodologies to evaluate cropping system diversification strategies in comparison with conventional practices in terms of:

  • Crop production and quality;
  • Impact of crop diversification on soil quality and biodiversity;
  • Environmental impact and delivery of ecosystem services by crop diversification.

Dr. Claudia Di Bene
Dr. Rosa Francaviglia
Dr. Roberta Farina
Dr. Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes
Dr. Raúl Zornoza
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • diversification
  • cropping systems
  • orchards
  • tillage
  • crop rotation
  • intercropping
  • cover crops
  • organic amendments
  • crop quality and productivity
  • soil biodiversity
  • soil fertility
  • soil erosion
  • GHG emissions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Soil and Water Quality Indicators of Diversified Farming Systems in a Saline Region of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Agriculture 2020, 10(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10020038 - 07 Feb 2020
Abstract
Saltwater intrusion, a consequence of climate change and decreased water levels, has been increasingly severe in the Mekong Delta region. Thanh Phu District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam, is a coastal region where agricultural production and local livelihood have been impaired by saltwater intrusion, [...] Read more.
Saltwater intrusion, a consequence of climate change and decreased water levels, has been increasingly severe in the Mekong Delta region. Thanh Phu District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam, is a coastal region where agricultural production and local livelihood have been impaired by saltwater intrusion, resulting in the adoption of multiple coping strategies, including rotations and intercropping. This study aims to measure and evaluate soil and water quality indicators of multiple farming systems in Thanh Phu district and contributes to developing suitable cropping patterns. Soil indicators were pH, electrical conductivity, and exchangeable Na+. Water quality characteristics include pH, salinity, dissolved N and P, alkalinity, H2S, and chemical oxygen demand (COD). The results indicated that water pH and salinity were at suitable levels to support the growth of prawn but were below the critical level required to grow black tiger shrimp and white-legged shrimp. Water alkalinity, dissolved N, P, and COD were not constraining for the growth of shrimps. However, a significant concentration of H2S may cause disadvantages for shrimp growth. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Diversification)
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