Next Article in Journal
A Community Bundle to Lower School-Aged Obesity Rates in a Small Midwestern City
Previous Article in Journal
Clonal Evolution of B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with del(9)(p13p21) into Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia Presenting as an Isolated Testicular Relapse
Open AccessReview

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump for Patients with Cardiac Conditions: An Update on Available Techniques and Clinical Applications

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Widener University, Chester, PA 19401, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Reports 2019, 2(3), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/reports2030019
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 26 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
In this paper, we present a review of the intra-aortic balloon pump, as well as the usage of it in the medical field today. An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a biomedical device that can assist the heart during unstable angina or after a heart attack. This pump is typically used in patients who suffer from ischemia of the heart tissue, due to an unbalanced level of myocardial oxygen supply or demand. Through counterpulsation, which is a technique to synchronize the external pumping of blood with the heart’s cycle, the device can balance the supply and demand of blood that is necessary for the heart to pump properly. The IABP is comprised of the following four components: a polyurethane balloon, a polyethylene or fiber-optic catheter, a transducer, and the intra-aortic balloon pump console. In the past, researchers have used other materials that have low biocompatibility and can cause complications within the body. This analysis will explain the complications and state changes that occurred due to them. Limitations of past designs and advantages of current designs will be acknowledged, for they can be used by researchers to enhance designs for the future. Consequently, the analysis of this device may lead to improved designs and treatment in the future for patients with cardiac conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: intra-aortic balloon pump; counterpulsation; cardiac conditions intra-aortic balloon pump; counterpulsation; cardiac conditions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Limbert, V.M.; Amiri, A.M. Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump for Patients with Cardiac Conditions: An Update on Available Techniques and Clinical Applications. Reports 2019, 2, 19.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop