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A Community Bundle to Lower School-Aged Obesity Rates in a Small Midwestern City

The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
Center for School-Based Mental Health Programs, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
Norwood City School District, Norwood, OH 45212, USA
College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45212, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Reports 2019, 2(3), 20;
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 4 August 2019 / Accepted: 8 August 2019 / Published: 10 August 2019
Background: Multi-component interventions in large communities such as Philadelphia can effectively lower childhood obesity rates. It is less clear whether this type of intervention can be successful in smaller communities with more limited resources. Norwood, Ohio is a small Midwestern city with a population of 19,207. In 2010, Ohio passed a school health law requiring Body Mass Index (BMI) screening of students in kindergarten and grades 3, 5 and 9 along with restrictions on competitive foods and vending machine products and a physical education requirement of 30 min per day. In 2014, Norwood implemented a multi-component childhood obesity prevention and treatment bundle of interventions. Our objective was to describe the effects if this bundle on childhood overweight/obesity (OW/OB) rates. We hypothesized that implementation of the bundle would lower the prevalence of OW/OB in Norwood school children. Methods: In 2012, the Healthy Kids Ohio Act was fully implemented in the Norwood City School District (NCSD). In 2014 a comprehensive bundle was implemented that included: 1. A student gardening program; 2. Supplementation of fresh produce to a local food pantry and a family shelter; 3. A farmers market; 4. A health newsletter; 5. Incentives in the school cafeterias to promote healthy food selection; 6. A 100-mile walking club; 7. “Cook for America” (a “cooked from scratch” intervention for school cafeterias); 8. A school-based obesity treatment clinic; Results: The OW/OB rate in the NCSD was 43% at the time of the Bundle implementation in 2014 and 37% in 2016 (p = 0.029). Conclusions: A childhood OW/OB prevention bundle can be implemented in a small city and is associated with a favorable change in BMI. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; obesity; community; bundle children; obesity; community; bundle
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Barnes, A.; Hudgens, M.E.; Robison, D.; Kipp, R.; Strasser, K.; Siegel, R.M. A Community Bundle to Lower School-Aged Obesity Rates in a Small Midwestern City. Reports 2019, 2, 20.

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