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Impact of a Linear Array of Hydrophilic and Superhydrophobic Spheres on a Deep Water Pool

1
Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Institute of Aerospace Thermodynamics (ITLR), University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
3
Institute for Modelling Hydraulic and Environmental Systems, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids3010029
Received: 23 January 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 22 February 2019
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Abstract

The impact of solid bodies on the free surface of liquid pools is involved in many practical applications—such as bullets and air-to-sea anti-torpedo defense systems, or the water entry of athletes in water sports—aimed at improving the performance through a control of cavity dynamics. This work reports an experimental investigation of the impact of a linear array of hydrophilic (H) and superhydrophobic (SH) spheres on a deep water pool. The array consisted of ten magnetic spheres, with different permutations of H and SH spheres. Using high speed shadowgraphy, we captured the underwater kinematics of the array for different permutations of H and SH spheres. In particular, we observed the evolution or absence of an air cavity attached to the array as a function of the position of the H and SH spheres. The position of the first SH sphere from the leading edge of the array (ZSH) emerged as a key parameter that alters the characteristics of cavity evolution. The appearance and pinch-off characteristics of a wake cavity behind the trailing edge were governed by the wetting properties of the leading and trailing surfaces of the array. The position of the first SH surface, as well as the wetting characteristics of the leading and trailing surfaces, are potential control parameters to alter underwater cavity evolution during solid surface impact on deep water pools. View Full-Text
Keywords: superhydrophobicity; water entry; fluid dynamics; wetting; experiments superhydrophobicity; water entry; fluid dynamics; wetting; experiments
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, G.; Vaikuntanathan, V.; Terzis, A.; Cheng, X.; Weigand, B.; Helmig, R. Impact of a Linear Array of Hydrophilic and Superhydrophobic Spheres on a Deep Water Pool. Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3, 29.

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Colloids Interfaces EISSN 2504-5377 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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