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Open AccessArticle

Removal of Rhodamine B (A Basic Dye) and Acid Yellow 17 (An Acidic Dye) from Aqueous Solutions by Ordered Mesoporous Carbon and Commercial Activated Carbon

Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, 25-406 Kielce, Poland
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Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids3010030
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
In this work, adsorption of rhodamine B (RB) and acid yellow 17 (AY17) was investigated on ordered mesoporous carbon material obtained by soft-templating method with hydrochloric acid (ST-A). For comparison, the adsorption process on commercial activated carbon CWZ-22 was also carried out. The sorbents were characterized by nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms and scanning electron microscopy. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were applied to simulate the equilibrium data of RB and AY17. Adsorption isotherm data could be better described by the Langmuir model than the Freundlich model. The adsorption kinetics of RB and AY17 on studied carbons could be well depicted by using pseudo-second-order kinetic modeling. The adsorption capacity increased with temperature increase in the range of 298–315 K. In the whole diffusion process, the intraparticle diffusion was involved, but not the whole rate-controlling step. The calculated thermodynamic parameters, including Gibbs free energy (∆G), enthalpy (∆H), and entropy (ΔS) suggested that adsorption processes of RB and AY17 on ST-A and CWZ-22 were endothermic and spontaneous. View Full-Text
Keywords: ordered mesoporous carbon; activated carbon; dye; adsorption; kinetic; thermodynamics ordered mesoporous carbon; activated carbon; dye; adsorption; kinetic; thermodynamics
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Jedynak, K.; Wideł, D.; Rędzia, N. Removal of Rhodamine B (A Basic Dye) and Acid Yellow 17 (An Acidic Dye) from Aqueous Solutions by Ordered Mesoporous Carbon and Commercial Activated Carbon. Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3, 30.

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