Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Induction and Epistemological Naturalism
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Sciences of Observation
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Philosophies 2018, 3(4), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3040030

Time and Life in the Relational Universe: Prolegomena to an Integral Paradigm of Natural Philosophy

Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL A1B 3X9, Canada
Received: 1 September 2018 / Revised: 12 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 16 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [239 KB, uploaded 16 October 2018]

Abstract

Relational ideas for our description of the natural world can be traced to the concept of Anaxagoras on the multiplicity of basic particles, later called “homoiomeroi” by Aristotle, that constitute the Universe and have the same nature as the whole world. Leibniz viewed the Universe as an infinite set of embodied logical essences called monads, which possess inner view, compute their own programs and perform mathematical transformations of their qualities, independently of all other monads. In this paradigm, space appears as a relational order of co-existences and time as a relational order of sequences. The relational paradigm was recognized in physics as a dependence of the spatiotemporal structure and its actualization on the observer. In the foundations of mathematics, the basic logical principles are united with the basic geometrical principles that are generic to the unfolding of internal logic. These principles appear as universal topological structures (“geometric atoms”) shaping the world. The decision-making system performs internal quantum reduction which is described by external observers via the probability function. In biology, individual systems operate as separate relational domains. The wave function superposition is restricted within a single domain and does not expand outside it, which corresponds to the statement of Leibniz that “monads have no windows”. View Full-Text
Keywords: Leibniz; monad; internal quantum state; relational biology; reflexive psychology; self Leibniz; monad; internal quantum state; relational biology; reflexive psychology; self
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Igamberdiev, A.U. Time and Life in the Relational Universe: Prolegomena to an Integral Paradigm of Natural Philosophy. Philosophies 2018, 3, 30.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Philosophies EISSN 2409-9287 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top