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Philosophies 2018, 3(4), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3040029

Sciences of Observation

23 rue des Lavandières, 11160 Caunes Minervois, France
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 October 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies)
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Abstract

Multiple sciences have converged, in the past two decades, on a hitherto mostly unremarked question: what is observation? Here, I examine this evolution, focusing on three sciences: physics, especially quantum information theory, developmental biology, especially its molecular and “evo-devo” branches, and cognitive science, especially perceptual psychology and robotics. I trace the history of this question to the late 19th century, and through the conceptual revolutions of the 20th century. I show how the increasing interdisciplinary focus on the process of extracting information from an environment provides an opportunity for conceptual unification, and sketch an outline of what such a unification might look like. View Full-Text
Keywords: awareness; cognition; computation; cybernetics; differentiation; fitness; holographic encoding; memory; perception; quantum information; signal transduction; spatial representation; thermodynamics; unitarity awareness; cognition; computation; cybernetics; differentiation; fitness; holographic encoding; memory; perception; quantum information; signal transduction; spatial representation; thermodynamics; unitarity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Fields, C. Sciences of Observation. Philosophies 2018, 3, 29.

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