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Sciences of Observation

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Philosophies 2018, 3(4), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3040029
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 October 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1)
Multiple sciences have converged, in the past two decades, on a hitherto mostly unremarked question: what is observation? Here, I examine this evolution, focusing on three sciences: physics, especially quantum information theory, developmental biology, especially its molecular and “evo-devo” branches, and cognitive science, especially perceptual psychology and robotics. I trace the history of this question to the late 19th century, and through the conceptual revolutions of the 20th century. I show how the increasing interdisciplinary focus on the process of extracting information from an environment provides an opportunity for conceptual unification, and sketch an outline of what such a unification might look like. View Full-Text
Keywords: awareness; cognition; computation; cybernetics; differentiation; fitness; holographic encoding; memory; perception; quantum information; signal transduction; spatial representation; thermodynamics; unitarity awareness; cognition; computation; cybernetics; differentiation; fitness; holographic encoding; memory; perception; quantum information; signal transduction; spatial representation; thermodynamics; unitarity
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Fields, C. Sciences of Observation. Philosophies 2018, 3, 29.

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