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Open AccessReview

A Guide to Investigating Suspected Outbreaks of Mucormycosis in Healthcare

Prevention and Response Branch, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Epidemic Intelligence Service, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Chicago Department of Public Health, Chicago, IL 60604, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Fungi 2019, 5(3), 69;
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 17 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Epidemiology)
PDF [1201 KB, uploaded 24 July 2019]


This report serves as a guide for investigating mucormycosis infections in healthcare. We describe lessons learned from previous outbreaks and offer methods and tools that can aid in these investigations. We also offer suggestions for conducting environmental assessments, implementing infection control measures, and initiating surveillance to ensure that interventions were effective. While not all investigations of mucormycosis infections will identify a single source, all can potentially lead to improvements in infection control. View Full-Text
Keywords: mucormycosis; mucormycetes; mold; cluster; outbreak; infections; hospital; healthcare mucormycosis; mucormycetes; mold; cluster; outbreak; infections; hospital; healthcare

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3235799

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Hartnett, K.P.; Jackson, B.R.; Perkins, K.M.; Glowicz, J.; Kerins, J.L.; Black, S.R.; Lockhart, S.R.; Christensen, B.E.; Beer, K.D. A Guide to Investigating Suspected Outbreaks of Mucormycosis in Healthcare. J. Fungi 2019, 5, 69.

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