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A Multi-Year Data Set of Beach-Foredune Topography and Environmental Forcing Conditions at Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands

Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.115, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 19 May 2019 / Accepted: 19 May 2019 / Published: 21 May 2019
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Abstract

Coastal dunes offer numerous functions to society, such as sea defense and recreation, and host unique habitats with high biodiversity. Research on coastal dune dynamics has traditionally focused on the erosional impact of short-duration (hours to days), high-wave storm events on the most seaward dune, called the foredune. In contrast, research data on its subsequent slow (months to years), wind-driven recovery are rather rare, yet essential to aid studying wind-driven processes, identifying the most relevant wind-forcing conditions, and testing and improving dune-growth models. The present data set contains 39 digital elevation models and 11 orthophotos of the beach-foredune system near Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands. The novelty of the data set lies in the combination of long-term observations (6 years; January 2013 to January 2019), with high temporal (intervals of 2–4 months) and spatial resolution (1 × 1 m) covering an extensive spatial domain (1.4 km alongshore). The 25-m high foredune eroded substantially in October 2014, with a maximum recession of 75 m3/m, and subsequently recovered with a rate of approximately 15 m3/m/yr, although with substantial alongshore variability. The data set is supplemented with high-frequency time series of offshore wave, water level, and wind characteristics, as well as various annual subtidal cross-shore profiles, to facilitate its future application in coastal dune research. View Full-Text
Keywords: foredune; dune erosion; dune growth; aeolian recovery; embryo dunes; beach; storms; remote sensing; Egmond aan Zee foredune; dune erosion; dune growth; aeolian recovery; embryo dunes; beach; storms; remote sensing; Egmond aan Zee
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2635416
    Link: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2635416
    Description: A Multi-Year Data Set of Beach-Foredune Topography and Environmental Forcing Conditions at Egmond aan Zee, the Netherlands
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Ruessink, G.; Schwarz, C.S.; Price, T.D.; Donker, J.J.A. A Multi-Year Data Set of Beach-Foredune Topography and Environmental Forcing Conditions at Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands. Data 2019, 4, 73.

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