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Article

Botanical Origin, Pollen Profile, and Physicochemical Properties of Algerian Honey from Different Bioclimatic Areas

1
Laboratory of Sciences and Technics of Animal Production (LSTPA), Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University (UMAB), 27000 Mostaganem, Algeria
2
Department of Vegetal Biology and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Vigo, As Lagoas, 32004 Ourense, Spain
3
Laboratory of Vegatal Protection, Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University (UMAB), 27000 Mostaganem, Algeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(7), 938; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9070938
Received: 27 May 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 16 July 2020
The palynological and physicochemical analysis of 62 honey samples produced in different biogeographical areas of Algeria was conducted. Results showed high variety in the botanical origin of samples and their physicochemical profile. Twenty-six samples were polyfloral honey, 30 were unifloral honey from different botanical sources such as Eucalyptus, Citrus, Apiaceae, Punica, Erica, Rosmarinus, Eriobotrya, or Hedysarum, and 6 were characterized as honeydew honey. Pollen analysis allowed the identification of 104 pollen types belonging to 51 botanical families, whereas the physicochemical profile showed important variations between samples. Multivariate techniques were used to compare the characteristics of samples from different biogeographical areas, showing significant differences between humid-area samples, located in the northeast of the country, and samples taken in semiarid, subhumid, and arid zones. Principal-component analysis (PCA) extracted nine components explaining 72% of data variance, being 30%, the sum of Component 1 and Component 2. The plot of both components showed samples grouped upon botanical and geographical origin. The results of this paper highlighted the great variability in honey production of Algeria, evidencing the importance of honey characterization to guarantee authenticity and to valorize local production. View Full-Text
Keywords: characterization; Algerian honey; botanical origin; biogeographical origin characterization; Algerian honey; botanical origin; biogeographical origin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Homrani, M.; Escuredo, O.; Rodríguez-Flores, M.S.; Fatiha, D.; Mohammed, B.; Homrani, A.; Seijo, M.C. Botanical Origin, Pollen Profile, and Physicochemical Properties of Algerian Honey from Different Bioclimatic Areas. Foods 2020, 9, 938. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9070938

AMA Style

Homrani M, Escuredo O, Rodríguez-Flores MS, Fatiha D, Mohammed B, Homrani A, Seijo MC. Botanical Origin, Pollen Profile, and Physicochemical Properties of Algerian Honey from Different Bioclimatic Areas. Foods. 2020; 9(7):938. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9070938

Chicago/Turabian Style

Homrani, Mounia, Olga Escuredo, María S. Rodríguez-Flores, Dalache Fatiha, Bouzouina Mohammed, Abdelkader Homrani, and M. C. Seijo. 2020. "Botanical Origin, Pollen Profile, and Physicochemical Properties of Algerian Honey from Different Bioclimatic Areas" Foods 9, no. 7: 938. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9070938

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