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Review

Plant-Based Diet as a Strategy for Weight Control

1
Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University-Plovdiv, 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
2
Institut Pascal, Université Clermont Auvergne, Clermont Auvergne INP, CNRS, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
3
Institut Universitaire de France (IUF), 1 Rue Descartes, 75005 Paris, France
4
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Sofia, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leslie D. Bourquin
Foods 2021, 10(12), 3052; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10123052
Received: 4 October 2021 / Revised: 2 December 2021 / Accepted: 7 December 2021 / Published: 8 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Food Nutrition)
According to the World Health Organization, obesity has nearly tripled since the 1970s. Obesity and overweight are major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, inflammatory-mediated diseases, and other serious medical conditions. Moreover, recent data suggest that obesity, overweight, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases are risk factors for COVID-19-related mortality. Different strategies for weight control have been introduced over the last two decades. Unfortunately, these strategies have shown little effect. At the same time, many studies show that plants might be the key to a successful strategy for weight control. Following the PRISMA guidelines for conducting systematic reviews, a search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase using the following keywords: obesity, globesity, vegan, plant-based diet, etc. Our results show that vegan diets are associated with improved gut microbiota symbiosis, increased insulin sensitivity, activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, and over-expression of mitochondrial uncoupling proteins. The key features of this diet are reduced calorie density and reduced cholesterol intake. The combination of these two factors is the essence of the efficiency of this approach to weight control. Our data suggest that plant-based/vegan diets might play a significant role in future strategies for reducing body weight. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; globesity; vegan; plant-based diet; vegetarian; weight control; weight loss; obesity management obesity; globesity; vegan; plant-based diet; vegetarian; weight control; weight loss; obesity management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ivanova, S.; Delattre, C.; Karcheva-Bahchevanska, D.; Benbasat, N.; Nalbantova, V.; Ivanov, K. Plant-Based Diet as a Strategy for Weight Control. Foods 2021, 10, 3052. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10123052

AMA Style

Ivanova S, Delattre C, Karcheva-Bahchevanska D, Benbasat N, Nalbantova V, Ivanov K. Plant-Based Diet as a Strategy for Weight Control. Foods. 2021; 10(12):3052. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10123052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ivanova, Stanislava, Cédric Delattre, Diana Karcheva-Bahchevanska, Niko Benbasat, Vanya Nalbantova, and Kalin Ivanov. 2021. "Plant-Based Diet as a Strategy for Weight Control" Foods 10, no. 12: 3052. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10123052

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