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Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 12, Issue 4 (April 2022) – 7 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): Intervention programs using telemedicine with hypertensive patients based on general instructions and recommendations for exercise prescription and hypertension are generally effective in reducing blood pressure parameters. However, adherence and maintenance to these physical exercise programs seems to be limited in time, resulting in transient benefits. As realized in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation, a home-based customized exercise prescription can be safe and effective. Therefore, the use of multidisciplinary teams, including the potential benefits of integrating exercise professionals in exercise assessment, monitoring, and counseling in healthcare services could provide a more person-oriented approach and ensure the long-term maintenance of healthier lifestyles. View this paper
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3 pages, 214 KiB  
Editorial
AI and Blockchain as New Triggers in the Education Arena
by Maria José Sousa, Francesca Dal Mas, Sónia P. Gonçalves and Davide Calandra
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 445-447; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040032 - 8 Apr 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2786
Abstract
Several scholars have examined the potential use of AI and Blockchain in education, primarily focusing on the contributions of such technologies with a goal to improve learning possibilities and outcomes for students [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue AI and Blockchain as New Trigger in the Education Arena)
14 pages, 987 KiB  
Article
The Relationship between Subjective Risk Intelligence and Courage with Working Performance: The Potential Mediating Effect of Workplace Social Courage
by Paola Magnano, Giuseppe Santisi, Andrea Zammitti, Rita Zarbo, Vittorio Edoardo Scuderi, Giusy Danila Valenti and Palmira Faraci
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 431-444; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040031 - 7 Apr 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 4358
Abstract
Background: There is a growing attention toward the construct of courage from a psychological point of view; recently, courage has been related with numerous positive individual behaviors and outcomes, such as coping strategies and subjective wellbeing, and an increasing number of studies explore [...] Read more.
Background: There is a growing attention toward the construct of courage from a psychological point of view; recently, courage has been related with numerous positive individual behaviors and outcomes, such as coping strategies and subjective wellbeing, and an increasing number of studies explore the role of courage in the working and organizational environments. The present study is aimed to analyze the effect that individual courage—together with risk intelligence—and workplace social courage have on working performance; Methods: The participants are 961 Italian workers, balanced by gender; the measures used are: Courage, Subjective Risk Intelligence Scale, Workplace Social Courage Scale, and Performance Scale. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Models; Results: The results show the effect of subjective risk intelligence and courage on working performance, both directly and through the mediation of workplace social courage; Conclusions: Suggestions for further research and practical implications are discussed. Full article
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14 pages, 531 KiB  
Article
The Basic Cycles of Vocational Training: Student Satisfaction and Perceived Benefit
by María José Martínez-Carmona, Carmen Gil del Pino and José Luis Álvarez-Castillo
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 417-430; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040030 - 1 Apr 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2342
Abstract
This study aims to better understand students who attend Basic Vocational Training Cycles (Basic Professional Training, BTP) by implementing measures that ensure diversity. This quantitative research project approximated students’ perception of their passage through previous studies and their satisfaction and goals after finishing [...] Read more.
This study aims to better understand students who attend Basic Vocational Training Cycles (Basic Professional Training, BTP) by implementing measures that ensure diversity. This quantitative research project approximated students’ perception of their passage through previous studies and their satisfaction and goals after finishing the school year. The sample consisted of 352 students from Cordoba (Spain). A questionnaire was used that follows the CIPP model. After exploratory factor analysis was completed with different groups of items and their descriptive analyses, various tests were carried out to consider the hypotheses (Pearson’s correlation (r), one-factor analysis of variance, and repeated ANOVA measures). The results indicate that the educational interest of the students is academic and professional. Likewise, there is no relationship detected between socio-professional goals and average academic levels and attributions with respect to repetitions of previous courses, although these goals vary depending on students’ satisfaction with the vocational cycles. We conclude that the course of the FPB influences decisions regarding academic–professional projects. Full article
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17 pages, 359 KiB  
Article
The Relationship between Cognitive Status and Retained Activity Participation among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
by Fatemeh Adelirad, Maryam Moghaddam Salimi, Iman Dianat, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Vijay Kumar Chattu and Hamid Allahverdipour
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 400-416; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040029 - 29 Mar 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2627
Abstract
Identifying retained activity participation to old age can improve age-related changes in balance and cognition function. Subjects ≥ 60 years were enrolled in this study. Balance and Cognitive function include working memory, executive function, and sustained and divided attention was evaluated with “Fullerton [...] Read more.
Identifying retained activity participation to old age can improve age-related changes in balance and cognition function. Subjects ≥ 60 years were enrolled in this study. Balance and Cognitive function include working memory, executive function, and sustained and divided attention was evaluated with “Fullerton advanced balance”, “n-back”, “Wisconsin card sort”, “sustain and divided attention test”, respectively. In addition, retained activity participation was measured using the Activity Card Sort questionnaire. The univariate and multivariate regression analyses of different domains of retained activity participation were used as independent variables, including instrumental activity, low-effort leisure, high-effort leisure, and social activity on balance and specific domains of cognition. Seventy-seven subjects (65.3 ± 4.4 years, 61% female) were included. About 47% of older adults had a college education, 32.3% had a diploma, and 20.7% had elementary–middle education. These results show that retained instrumental activity had a relationship with working memory (β = 0.079, p < 0.05). In addition, we found that retained high-effort leisure activity can increase balance, divided attention, and executive function score (β = 0.1, β = 0.05, β = 0.02, p < 0.05). Moreover, there was a positive relationship between retained low-effort activity and sustained attention (β = 0.08, p < 0.05). In addition, the coefficient of determination (R2) for balance, working memory, executive function, sustained, and divided attention were 0.45, 0.25, 0.13, 0.11 and 0.18, respectively. The study suggests that retained activity participation types may have various effects on balance and some selective cognitive components in older people. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active or Healthy Ageing)
13 pages, 597 KiB  
Article
Sustainability Competencies in Higher Education Research: An Analysis of Doctoral Theses in Portugal
by Patrícia Sá, Mónica Lourenço and Vânia Carlos
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 387-399; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040028 - 28 Mar 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2649
Abstract
Educational research has been highlighting the importance of defining key competencies and learning outcomes related to education for sustainability as a reference for the transparent evaluation of students’ learning in this domain. Drawing on a reference framework that identifies five key competencies in [...] Read more.
Educational research has been highlighting the importance of defining key competencies and learning outcomes related to education for sustainability as a reference for the transparent evaluation of students’ learning in this domain. Drawing on a reference framework that identifies five key competencies in sustainability (i.e., systems-thinking competency, anticipatory competency, normative competency, strategic competency, and interpersonal competency), the study reported in this paper aims to understand whether, how, and to what extent these competencies are present in doctoral theses in Higher Education published in Portugal in the past ten years. To address this objective, a qualitative study framed in an interpretative paradigm was conducted, and a literature review was used as a preferential research method to elicit meaning, gain understanding, and develop empirical knowledge. The retrieved documents were treated using deductive content analysis, which was performed using WebQDA software. Results of the analysis show that the competencies considered in the reference framework are present in research on education for sustainability carried out in recent years in Portugal, with a greater emphasis on strategic and anticipatory competencies. Findings suggest that it is important to continue to conduct research on these competencies to successfully integrate them into educational curricula and teacher education programs. Full article
24 pages, 493 KiB  
Review
The Contribution of Exercise in Telemedicine Monitoring in Reducing the Modifiable Factors of Hypertension—A Multidisciplinary Approach
by Silvane Viana, Rogério Salvador, Pedro Morouço and Ricardo Rebelo-Gonçalves
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 363-386; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040027 - 27 Mar 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3499
Abstract
The aim of this review was to explore the contribution of physical activity and exercise in the control and reduction of modifiable factors of arterial hypertension in telemedicine programs, assuming a multidisciplinary perspective. Searches were carried out following the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting [...] Read more.
The aim of this review was to explore the contribution of physical activity and exercise in the control and reduction of modifiable factors of arterial hypertension in telemedicine programs, assuming a multidisciplinary perspective. Searches were carried out following the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses), and the research question defined using the PICOS approach (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcomes, Study design). The search strategy applied the following terms: blood pressure OR hypertension AND exercise OR physical activity AND telemedicine. The initial search identified 2190 records, but only 19 studies were considered eligible after checking for the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The following training variables were generally included: heart rate and heart rate reserve, respiratory rate, rate of perceived exertion and oxygen consumption, but no resistance training variables were found. The significant improvements on blood pressure parameters of participants diagnosed with hypertension tended to be transient. The exercise prescription was commonly based on general instructions and recommendations for exercise and hypertension. On the other hand, most of the studies including patients in cardiac rehabilitation programs used a personalized training program based on a baseline assessment, particularly following a cardiopulmonary exercise test. The inclusion of exercise professionals in multidisciplinary teams could provide a more person-oriented approach and the long-term maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sedentary Behaviour as a Risk Factor for Chronic Disease)
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16 pages, 2899 KiB  
Article
Programs of Access to Pedagogy: Diagnostic of Its Design in Chilean Private Universities
by Karen Núñez-Valdés, Neliot Villena Olivares, Cristian Villegas Dianta, Marisol López Núñez and Antonio Castillo-Paredes
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(4), 347-362; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12040026 - 25 Mar 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2626
Abstract
The objective of this study is to describe and analyze comparatively the Programs of Access to Pedagogies (PAP) of Chilean private universities, in order to know how this policy has been developed in this type of institution. After an exhaustive and meticulous treatment [...] Read more.
The objective of this study is to describe and analyze comparatively the Programs of Access to Pedagogies (PAP) of Chilean private universities, in order to know how this policy has been developed in this type of institution. After an exhaustive and meticulous treatment of the information contained in the 11 private university programs in Chile, categories were created for later analysis, based on the criteria contained in the programs. The results were analyzed based on pre-established analytical criteria, within which three to seven categories were found that allow the description and analysis of the PAPs. Among these, categories related to “Development of skills”, “Pedagogical vocation”, “Promotion of equity”, “Academic performance”, “Transversal skills” and “Academic support” stand out, being found in eight programs of the 11 analyzed. Although the Programs of Access to Pedagogy careers, established objectives, eligibility criteria, permanence criteria, camping, among others, follow the law, these programs have limitations, due to their heterogeneous construction, which translates into the interpretation of the laws, for which a series of challenges emerge, all of them associated with the search for strategies to strengthen the attraction and training of future good teachers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Teaching Innovation in Higher Education: Areas of Knowledge)
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