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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Sorption Pressure on Gas Diffusion in Coal Particles: An Experimental Study

by Xin Yang 1,2,3, Gongda Wang 2,3,4,*, Junying Zhang 2,3 and Ting Ren 4
1
Faculty of Resources and Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2
Mine Safety Technology Branch of China Coal Research Institute, Beijing 100013, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Coal Mining and Clean Utilization, China Coal Research Institute, Beijing 100013, China
4
School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(4), 219; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7040219
Received: 10 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Capture Processes)
Gas pressure changes during the process of coal mine gas drainage and CBM recovery. It is of great importance to understand the influence of sorption pressure on gas diffusion; however, the topic remains controversial in past studies. In this study, four samples with different coal ranks were collected and diffusion experiments were conducted under different pressures through the adsorption and desorption processes. Three widely used models, i.e., the unipore diffusion (UD) model, the bidisperse diffusion (BD) model and the dispersive diffusion (DD) model, were adopted to compare the applicability and to calculate the diffusion coefficients. Results show that for all coal ranks, the BD model and DD model can match the experimental results better than the UD model. Concerning the fast diffusion coefficient Dae of the BD model, three samples display a decreasing trend with increasing gas pressure while the other sample shows a V-type trend. The slow diffusion coefficient Die of BD model increases with gas pressure for all samples, while the ratio β is an intrinsic character of coal and remains constant. For the DD model, the characteristic rate parameter kΦ does not change sharply and the stretching parameter α increases with gas pressure. Both Dae and Die are in proportion to kΦ, which reflect the diffusion rate of gas in the coal. The impacts of pore characteristic on gas diffusion were also analyzed. Although pore size distributions and specific surface areas are different in the four coal samples, correlations are not apparent between pore characteristic and diffusion coefficients. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas diffusion; gas pressure; unipore diffusion model; bidisperse diffusion model; dispersive diffusion model gas diffusion; gas pressure; unipore diffusion model; bidisperse diffusion model; dispersive diffusion model
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Yang, X.; Wang, G.; Zhang, J.; Ren, T. The Influence of Sorption Pressure on Gas Diffusion in Coal Particles: An Experimental Study. Processes 2019, 7, 219.

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