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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Dopamine Incorporated Forward Osmosis Membranes with High Structural Stability and Chlorine Resistance

1
Water Industry and Environment Engineering Technology Research Centre, Chongqing 401311, China
2
CSIRO Manufacturing, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
3
Department of Environmental Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2018, 6(9), 151; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6090151
Received: 3 August 2018 / Revised: 21 August 2018 / Accepted: 22 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes)
The degradation and detachment of the polyamide (PA) layer for the conventional thin-film composite (TFC) membranes due to chemical disinfectants cleaning with chlorine and material difference of PA layer and substrate are two major bottlenecks of forward osmosis (FO) technology. In this study, a new type of FO membranes was first prepared by controlling dopamine (DA) as the sole amine in the aqueous phase and the reaction with trimesoyl chloride (TMC) as the acyl chloride during interfacial polymerization (IP) process. The influence of membrane synthesis parameters such as monomer concentration, pH of the aqueous phase, IP reaction time and IP temperature were systematically investigated. The optimized membrane showed both improved structure stability and chlorine resistance, more so than the conventional TFC membrane. In general, novel DA/TMC TFC membranes could be an effective strategy to synthesize high-performance FO membranes with excellent structural stability and chlorine resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: forward osmosis; thin-film composite; dopamine; interfacial polymerization; structural stability; chlorine resistance forward osmosis; thin-film composite; dopamine; interfacial polymerization; structural stability; chlorine resistance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Fang, Z.; Xie, C.; Zhao, S.; Ng, D.; Xie, Z. Dopamine Incorporated Forward Osmosis Membranes with High Structural Stability and Chlorine Resistance. Processes 2018, 6, 151.

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