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Processes 2018, 6(9), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6090150

Analysis of Overlying Strata Movement and Disaster-Causing Effects of Coal Mining Face under the Action of Hard Thick Magmatic Rock

1,†
,
1,2,†,* , 2,* , 2
and
3
1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jining University, Qufu 273100, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Mining Disaster Prevention and Control Co-Founded by Shandong Province and the Ministry of Science and Technology, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
3
Graduate School of Engineering, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid Flow in Fractured Porous Media)
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Abstract

When the hard and thick key strata are located above the working face, the bed separation structure is easy to be formed after mining because of the high strength and integrity of the hard and thick key strata and the initial breaking step is large. After the hard, thick strata are broken, the overburden will be largely collapsed and unstable in a large area and the dynamic disaster is easily induced. In this study, considering the fundamental deformation and failure effect of coal seam, the development law of the bed separation and the fractures under hard and thick magmatic rocks and the mechanism of breaking induced disaster of hard and thick magmatic rocks are studied by similar simulation tests. The results of the study are as follows: (1) The similar material ratio of coal seam is obtained by low-strength orthogonal ratio test of similar materials of coal seam, that is, cement:sand:water:activated carbon:coal = 6:6:7:1.1:79.9. (2) The magmatic rocks play a role in shielding the development of the bed separation, which makes the bed separation beneath the magmatic rock in an unclosed state for a long time, providing space for the accumulation of gas and water. (3) The distribution pattern of the fracture zone shows different shapes as the advancing of working face and the fracture zone width of the rear of working face coal wall is larger than that of the front of the open-off. (4) The breaking of magmatic rocks will press the gas and water accumulated in the bed separation space below to rush towards the working face along the fracture zone at both ends of the goaf. The above results are verified through the drainage borehole gas jet accident in the Yangliu coal mine. The research results are of great significance for revealing the occurrence process of dynamic disasters and adopting scientific and reasonable preventive measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: hard and thick magmatic rocks; orthogonal ratio test; similar simulation; fracture; bed separation; disaster-causing mechanism hard and thick magmatic rocks; orthogonal ratio test; similar simulation; fracture; bed separation; disaster-causing mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wu, Q.; Wu, Q.; Xue, Y.; Kong, P.; Gong, B. Analysis of Overlying Strata Movement and Disaster-Causing Effects of Coal Mining Face under the Action of Hard Thick Magmatic Rock. Processes 2018, 6, 150.

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