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Development of a Stress Scale for Siblings of Childhood Cancer Patients

by 1, 2,* and 3,4,5,6
Department of Nursing, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140, Korea
College of Nursing, The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea
Seoul National University Cancer Research Institute, Seoul 03080, Korea
Seoul National University Children’s Hospital, Seoul 03080, Korea
Wide River Institute of Immunology, Hongcheon-gun 25159, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Hauser
Children 2021, 8(4), 265;
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 March 2021 / Published: 30 March 2021
Most siblings of childhood cancer patients (SCCP) report not only post-traumatic stress but also daily stresses due to changes in their daily lives. The purpose of this study was to develop a stress scale for SCCP and to examine the validity and reliability of the scale. Based on conceptual analysis, 40 preliminary items were selected. After its content validity was determined by six experts, 37 items were chosen. For the psychometric testing, 125 SCCPs, aged 11–16, were surveyed. Through item analysis and exploratory factor analysis for construct validity, 27 items explained 61.2% of the variance, and they were categorized into six factors. Criterion validity was confirmed by examining the overall correlation with standard instruments according to the age group. Reliability was evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha (0.91) and test-retest correlation (r = 0.597). This self-administered questionnaire with a 4-point Likert-type scale may be useful in clarifying and measuring stress levels in SCCPs. View Full-Text
Keywords: neoplasm; siblings; psychological stress; psychometrics neoplasm; siblings; psychological stress; psychometrics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, J.; Bang, K.-S.; Kang, H.J. Development of a Stress Scale for Siblings of Childhood Cancer Patients. Children 2021, 8, 265.

AMA Style

Yu J, Bang K-S, Kang HJ. Development of a Stress Scale for Siblings of Childhood Cancer Patients. Children. 2021; 8(4):265.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Juyoun, Kyung-Sook Bang, and Hyoung J. Kang 2021. "Development of a Stress Scale for Siblings of Childhood Cancer Patients" Children 8, no. 4: 265.

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